Preferences help
enabled [disable] Abstract
Number of results
2018 | 111 | 74-86
Article title

Utilization of Fermented Mangrove Propagules (Rhizophora mucronata) as Feeding Material for Nile Tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus)

Title variants
Languages of publication
The research was carried out at the Laboratory of Aquaculture, Faculty of Fisheries and Marine Sciences, Universitas Padjadjaran for culture and observation of fish and at the Poultry Nutrition Laboratory, Faculty of Animal Husbandry, Padjadjaran University on the fermentation process and the manufacture of test feeding. The purpose of this study was to determine the optimal percentage of Aspergillus niger fermented mangrove propagules meal in artificial feeding on the growth rate of nile tilapia. Tilapia fry used were 5-7 cm in size with an average weight of 4.97 ± 0.2 g. The study used a Completely Random Design (CRD) with five treatments and three repetition. Feeding is formulated on the percentage of fermented mangrove propagules meal use, that is 0; 2,5; 5; 7.5; and 10%. The main parameters observed were nutritional quality of fermented products, daily growth rate, feeding efficiency and survival. The data obtained were analyzed using F Test and continued with Duncan's Test if there were differences between treatments. The results showed that the addition of mangrove propagules fermented about 10% level. It gives results that there is no difference between the daily growth rate, feeding efficiency and survival whic is the same as those in tilapia. This is shows that mangrove propagulees can be used in fish feeding without causing negative effects on the growth of nile tilapia fry.
Physical description
  • Faculty of Fisheries and Marine Science, Universitas Padjadjaran, Indonesia
  • Faculty of Fisheries and Marine Science, Universitas Padjadjaran, Indonesia
  • Faculty of Fisheries and Marine Science, Universitas Padjadjaran, Indonesia
  • Faculty of Fisheries and Marine Science, Universitas Padjadjaran, Indonesia
  • Faculty of Fisheries and Marine Science, Universitas Padjadjaran, Indonesia
  • [1] Kementrian Kelautan dan Perikanan (KKP). (2011). Pelepasan varietas Ikan Nila Larasati Sebagai Benih Bermutu. Jakarta: Kementrian Kelautan dan Perikanan.
  • [2] Lopez, A. M., Silva, A. L., & Santos, E. C. (2017). The Fungal Ability For Biobleaching/Biopulping/Bioremediation of Lignin-Like Compounds of Agro-Industrial Raw Material. Quim, Nova, 40 (8), 916-931.
  • [3] Huisman, E., & Richter, C. (1987). Reproduction, growth, health control and aquaculture potential of the African cathfish, Clarias gariepenus (Burchell 1922). Aquaculture, 1-14.
  • [4] National Reserach Council. (2011). Nutrient Requirements of Fish and Shrimp. Washington DC: The National Academic of Science.
  • [5] Singh, R., Kumar, M., Mittal, A., & Mehta, P. K. (2016). Microbial enzymes: industrial progress in 21st century. 3 Biotech. 2016 Dec; 6(2): 174. doi: 10.1007/s13205-016-0485-8
  • [6] Nasseri, A., Amini, S. R., Morowvat, M. H., & Younes, G. (2011). Single Cell Protein : Production and Process. American Journal of Food Technology, Volume 6 (2): 103-116, 2011
  • [7] Damanik, R. N., Pratiwi, D. Y., Widyastuti, N., Rustanti, N., Anjani, G., & Afifah, D. N. (2017). Nutritional Composition Changes During Tempeh Gembus Processing. 3rd International Conference on Tropical and Coastal Region Eco Development (hal. 1-11). Yogyakarta: IOP Publishing.
  • [8] Wang, C., & Nishino, N. (2010). Presence of sourdough lactic acid bacteria in commercial total mixed ration silage as revealed by denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis analysis. Lett Appl Microbiol 51(4), 436-442.
  • [9] Igbabul, B., Amove, J., & Twadue, I. (2014). Effect of fermentation on the proximate composition, antinutritional factors and functional properties of cocoyam (Colocasia esculenta) flour. African Journal of Food Science and Technology, 5 (3), 67-74.
  • [10] Feng, J., Liu, X., Xu, Z., Liu, Y., & Lu, Y. (2007). Effects of Aspergillus oryzae 3.042 fermented soybean meal on growth performance and plasma biochemical parameters in broilers. Animal Feed Science and Technology, 134 (3), 235-242.
  • [11] Liu, X., Feng, J., Xu, Z., Lu, Y., & Liu, Y. (2007). The Effects of Fermented Soybean Meal on Growth Performance and Immune Characteristics in Weaned Piglets. Turk. J. Vet. Anim. Sci. 341-345.
  • [12] Hirabayashi, M., Matsui, T., Yano, H., & Nakajima, T. (1998). Fermentation of soybean meal with Aspergillus usamii reduces phosphorus excretion in chicks. Poult Sci, 77 (4), 552-556.
  • [13] Kishada, T., Ataki, H., Takebe, M., & Ebihara, K. (2000). Soybean meal fermented by Aspergillus awamori increases the cytochrome P-450 content of the liver microsomes of mice. J Agric Food Chem, 48 (4), 1367-1372.
  • [14] Mathivanan, R., Selvaraj, P., & Nanjappan, K. (2006). Feeding of Fermented Soybean Meal on Broiler Performance. International Journal of Poultry Science, 5 (9), 868-872.
  • [15] Mukherjee, R., Chakraborty, R., & Dutta, A. (2016). Role of Fermentation in Improving Nutritional Quality of Soybean Meal — A Review. Asian Australas. J. Anim. Sci, 29 (11), 1523-1529.
  • [16] Craig, S. (2017). Understanding Fish Nutrition, Feeds, and Feeding. Virginia: College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, Virginia Tech.
  • [17] Tyapkova, O., Osen, R., Wagenstaller, M., Baier, B., Specht, F., & Zacherl, C. (2016). Replacing Fishmeal with oilseed cakes in fish feed - A Study on the Influence of processing parameters on the extrusion behavior and quality properties on the feed pellets. Journal of Food Engineering, 191(1), 28-36.
  • [18] Elsaidy, N., Abouelenien, F., & Kirrella, G. A. (2015). Impact of using raw or fermented manure as fish feed on microbial quality of water and fish. The Egyptian Journal of Aquatic Research, 41(1), 93-100.
  • [19] Obasa, S. O., Alatise, S. P., Omoniye, I. T., Alegbeleye, W. O., & George, F. A. (2013). Evaluation of fermented mango (Mangifera indica) seed meal in the practical diet of nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) Fingerlings. Croatian Journal of Fisheries 71, 116-123
  • [20] Mohapatra, S., & Patra, A. (2014). Evaluation of nutrirional value of water lettuce (Pistia stratiotes) meal as partial substitution for fish meal on the growth performance of Cyprinus carpio fry. International Journal of Agricultural, 4 (3), 147-154.
  • [21] Nisha, S. N., & Geetha, B. (2017). Effect of partial replacement of fishmeal with aquatic weed Pistia stratiotes meal on growth, biochemical composition, haematological parameters and digestive enzymes in Indian major carp Labeo rohita (Hamilton, 1822). International Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Studies, 5 (2), 527-532.
  • [22] Ray, M., Ghosh, K., Singh, S., & Mondal, K. C. (2016). Folk to functional: An explorative overview of rice-based fermented foods and beverages in India. Journal of Ethnic Foods, 3, 5-18.
  • [23] Amer, S. A., Metwally, A. E., & Ahmed, S. A. (2018). The influence of dietary supplementation of cinnamaldehyde and thymol on the growth performance, immunity and antioxidant status of monosex Nile tilapia fingerlings (Oreochromis niloticus). The Egyptian Journal of Aquatic Research Volume 44, Issue 3, September 2018, Pages 251-256
  • [24] Gao, Y. (2011). Improved nutritional value of fish feed with plant protein ingredients by means of organic acid salts and solid state Fermentation. Norwegia: Depart. of Animal and Aquacultural Sciences Norwegian University of Life Sciences.
  • [25] Ali, M., & Jauncey, K. Approaches to optimizing dietary protein to energy ratio for African catfish Clarias gariepinus (Burchell, 1822). Aquaculture Nutrition, Volume 11, Issue 2, April 2005 Pages 95-101
  • [26] M.N. Haidar, S. Bleeker, L.T.N. Heinsbroek and J.W. Schrama, Effect of constant digestible protein intake and varying digestible energy levels on energy and protein utilization in Nile tilapia, Aquaculture, 489, (28), (2018).
  • [27] Rahmat Hosseinpour Aghaei, Abdolmohammad Abedian Kenari, Mohammad Ali Yazdani Sadati and Mohammad Esmaeili, The effect of time‐dependent protein restriction on growth factors, nonspecific immunity, body composition, fatty acids and amino acids in the Siberian sturgeon (Acipenser baerii), Aquaculture Research, 49, 9, (3033-3044), (2018).
  • [28] S. M. Peng, C. J. Zhang, Q. X. Gao, Z. H. Shi, C. Chen and J. G. Wang, Growth performance and metabolic response of juvenile grouper Epinephelus moara (Temminck & Schlegel, 1842) fed low dietary protein and high lipid levels, Journal of Applied Ichthyology, 33, 4, (790-796), (2017).
  • [29] Solomon Gabriel Solomon, Victor Tosin Okomoda and Samson Omirenya Oda, Nutritional value of toasted pigeon pea, Cajanus cajan seed and its utilization in the diet of Clarias gariepinus (Burchell, 1822) fingerlings, Aquaculture Reports, 7, (34), (2017).
  • [30] J. F. A. Koch, M. M. Barros, C. P. Teixeira, P. L. P. F. Carvalho, A. C. Fernandes Junior, F. T. Cintra and L. E. Pezzato, Protein‐to‐energy ratio of 21.43 g MJ−1 improves growth performance of Nile tilapia at the final rearing stage under commercially intensive rearing conditions, Aquaculture Nutrition, 23, 3, (560-570), (2016).
  • [31] Ghaffar Ebrahimi, Hossein Ouraji, Farid Firouzbakhsh and Changiz Makhdomi, Effect of dietary lipid and protein levels with different protein to energy ratios on growth performance, feed utilization and body composition of utilus frisii kutum (Kamenskii, 1901) fingerlings, Aquaculture Research, 44, 9, (1447-1458), (2012).
Document Type
Publication order reference
YADDA identifier
JavaScript is turned off in your web browser. Turn it on to take full advantage of this site, then refresh the page.