PL EN


Preferences help
enabled [disable] Abstract
Number of results
2019 | 24 | 9-21
Article title

Anaerobic Digestion of Organic Waste for the Production of Biogas in Calabar, Cross River State, Nigeria

Content
Title variants
Languages of publication
EN
Abstracts
EN
The quest for environment friendly means of waste management has prompted studies on technologies for treatment of municipal organic wastes. Among these is anaerobic digestion. This research was thus conducted to assess the potential of fruit wastes; Watermelon (Citrus lanatus) peel (W), Pawpaw (Carica papaya) peel (P), Banana (Musa acuminata Cv. AAA group) peel (B) and Cow dung (C) for the production of biogas through anaerobic digestion processes. The production of biogas was carried out in single, double and multiple substrates combinations at 13 kg, 6.5kg and 3.25 kg, respectively, per substrate. The substrates were digested anaerobically in 60-liter digesters for 45 days. The treatment comprised of 11 substrates and water as control. The result indicated that the moisture content ranged from 82.0 to 93.0% and the pH of wastes ranged from 4.9-8.3, with a majority of the substrates falling between 6.0-7.1. Treatment W+C+P+B produced the highest biogas (49.4 ml) at 45 days of digestion. This was followed by treatment W+C and W+B - which were 24 and 23.4 ml, respectively. Treatment B and C+B had the lowest methane yield of 2.2 and 7.6 ml, respectively. The combination of W+C+P+B (8.4) and C+B (6.7%) had the highest values of nitrogen content, while W+C (11%) and C+P (1.4%) had the lowest values. The mineral contents of N, P, K, Ca and Mg in most cases were higher than those obtained before digestion. Hence, Fruit waste (W+C+P+B) was the most suitable substrate for producing biogas and bio-fertilizer. Moreover, the values of nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium in the digestate indicate that it will be a good source of fertilizer for crop production.
Year
Volume
24
Pages
9-21
Physical description
Contributors
  • Department of Soil Science, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Calabar, P.M.B. 1115, Calabar, Nigeria
  • Department of Soil Science, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Calabar, P.M.B. 1115, Calabar, Nigeria
  • Dpartment of Microbiology, Faculty of Biological Science, University of Calabar, P.M.B. 1115, Calabar, Nigeria
References
  • [1] Małgorzata Berova, Georgios Karanatsidis, Krasimira Sapundzhieva and Veselina Nikolova. Effect of organic fertilization on growth and yield of pepper plants (Capsicum annuum L.). Folia Horticulturae Ann. 22/1 (2010) 3-7. DOI: 10.2478/fhort-2013-0143
  • [2] Ngumah, C., J. Ogbulie, J. Orji, and E. Amadi, 2013. Potential of organic waste for biogas and biofertilizer production in Nigeria. Environmental Research, Engineering and Management, 1(63): 60-66. DOI:10.5755/j01.erem.63.1.2912
  • [3] Deressa, L., S. Libsu, R. B. Chavan, D. Manaye, and A. Dabassa, 2015. Production of biogas from fruit and vegetable wastes mixed with different wastes. Environment and Ecology Research, 3(3): 65-71
  • [4] Abebe, M. A. 2017. Characterization of fruit and vegetable waste with cow dung for maximizing the biogas yield. International Journal of Scientific Engineering and Science, 1 (1): 26-32
  • [5] Akpan, J.F., B. E. Asikong, and O. Oyedele, 2017. Effects of bio-fertilizers on physico-chemical and microbial properties of soils planted with Hot Pepper (Capsicum frutescens) in the coastal plain of Cross River State, Nigeria. Nigerian Journal of Soil and Environmental Research, 15: 53-61
  • [6] Ariunbaatar, J., A. Panico, G. Esposito, F. Pirozzi, and P. N. L. Lens, 2014. Pretreatment methods to enhance anaerobic digestion of organic solid Waste. Applied Energy 123: 143-156.
  • [7] Yu, H. W., Z. Samani, A. Hanson, and G. Smith, 2002. Energy recovery from grass using two-phase anaerobic digestion. Waste Manag, 22: 1-5
  • [8] Asikong, B. E., O. U. Udensi, J. Ekpoke, E. M. Eja, and E. E. Antai, 2014. Microbial analysis and biogas yield of water hyacinth, cow dung and poultry droppings fed anaerobic digesters. British Journal of Applied Science and Technology, 4(4): 650-661
  • [9] Olukemi, A. B. and E. O. Ugoji, 2010. Production of Biogas from Starchy Wastes. Journal of Sci. Res. Dev. 12: 34-45
  • [10] International institute of tropical Agriculture (IITA), 1979. Selective methods for soil and plant analysis. Manual series No.1: Ibadan. International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA).
  • [11] Zuberer, D. A. (1994). Recovery and enumeration of viable bacteria. In methods of soil analysis parts 2. Microbiological and Biochemical Properties. Number 5, Madison, Wisconsin, USA, Soil Science Society of American book series.
  • [12] Association of official Analytical chemists (AOAC), 1990. Official methods of analysis of the Association of official analytical chemists (15th Ed). Arlingo, Association of official analysis chemists.
  • [13] Itodo, I. N and T. K. Phillips. 2007. Nomograph for determining temperatures in anaerobic digesters from ambient temperatures in the tropics. Agricultural Engineering International: the CIGR Ejournal, IX, Manuscript EE 06 010.
  • [14] Jha, A. K. J. Li, Q. Ban, L. Zhang, and B. Zhao, 2012. Dry Anaerobic Digestion of Cow Dung for Methane Production: Effect of Mixing. Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences, 15: 1111-1118
  • [15] Raji, W.A.Y. Yerima, and P. T. Alufar, 2018. Comparative Study on the Rates of Production of Biogas from Organic Substrates. Energy and Power Engineering, 10: 508-517
  • [16] Cioabla, A. E., L. Lonel, G-A. Dumitrel, and F. Popescu, 2012. Comparative study of factors affecting anaerobic digestion of agricultural vegetal residues, Biotechnology Biofuels, vol. 5, p. 39
  • [17] Manyi-Loh, C. E., S. N. Mamphweli, E. L. Meyer, A. I. Okoh, G. Makaka, and M. Simon, 2015. Investigation into the biogas production potential of dairy cattle manure. Journal of Clean Energy Technologies, 3(5): 326-331
  • [18] Chua, K.H., C.H. Yip and W.L.S. Nie, 2008. A case study on the anaerobic treatment of food waste and gas formation. Int. Conf. Constr. Build. Tech. F-29: 311-316
  • [19] Abubakar, B. S. U. I. and N. Ismail, 2012. Anaerobic digestion of cow dung for biogas production. ARPN journal of engineering and applied sciences, 7(2):169-172.
  • [20] Bouallagui, H., B. Rachdi, H. Gannoun, and M. Hamdi, 2009. Mesophilic and thermophilic anaerobic co-digestion of abattoir wastewater and fruit and vegetable waste in anaerobic sequencing batch reactors. Biodegradation, 20: 401-409
  • [21] Aliyu, A. A. 2017. Biogas potential of some selected kitchen wastes within Kaduna Metropolis. American Journal of Engineering Research, 6(5):53-63
  • [22] Sambo, A. S., A. C. Etonihu, and A. M. Mohammed, 2015. Biogas production from co-digestion of selected agricultural wastes in Nigeria. International Journal of Research – Granthaalayah, 3(11): 7-16
  • [23] Eleri, A.A., N. R. Isu and N. Tijjani, 2014. Biogas production from organic kitchen waste using cow dung as innocula. International Journal Innovative Research and Studies, 3: 3-4
Document Type
article
Publication order reference
Identifiers
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.psjd-664ed664-347e-4d7b-84c8-e6775648a221
JavaScript is turned off in your web browser. Turn it on to take full advantage of this site, then refresh the page.