Climate change: Policy and Politics
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Climate change has now become an inevitable truth. Anthropogenic CO2 emission accounts for 80% of total GHGs emission and is at the highest level (403 ppm) of CO2 observed in human history. According to the Global climate risk assessment, Nepal contributes only 0.01% of all global CO2 emissions and 0.025% of total GHGs emissions, but ranks 13th in the category of most vulnerable country. Nepal, being signatory of UN policies and strategies set out for global action, has begun implementing mitigation measures. Thus, Nepal’s government prioritizes climate change issues in its action plan, policies and acts. It is difficult. On one hand the poor economic countries such as Nepal are struggling under changing climatic circumstance, whereas on other hand, developed countries make this a political agenda. Still, alarmists and skeptics have their own opinion. Alarmists claim that we will be burning in hell by the end of the century. Skeptics assert that fear has been misplaced. This paper, prepared with thorough review of secondary sources via Web science, Scopus and Google scholar, aims to highlight the global climatic political debate that influences the climate change deal and recommends policies for the same.
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