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2008 | 8 | 2 | 84-89
Article title

Adiponektyna i leptyna a udar niedokrwienny mózgu

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Title variants
EN
Adiponectin and leptin in ischemic stroke
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EN PL
Abstracts
EN
Abdominal obesity becomes very significant health’s problem, especially because it is connected with pathogenesis of cardiovascular diseases. Adipose tissue is not only a store of excess energy but a hormonally active system too. The substances produced by adipose tissue are adipocytokines. Two of them are leptin and adiponectin. Adiponectin levels are inversely related to the adiposity degree, despite of adipose tissue is only source of it. concentrations of adiponectin have been reported to be decreased in patients with coronary artery diseases, type II diabetes mellitus, hypertensions and dyslipidemia patients in some insulin resistant states. It takes part in processes regulate glucose and lipid metabolism and it has anti-inflammatory and antiatherogenic properties. Adiponectin has a potential protective ability towards to cardiovascular diseases. Positive correlation with degree of adiposity has been reported for leptin – hormone involved in the regulation of food intake and energy expenditure. Leptin exerts many potentially atherogenic effects. It has been reported to influence on arterial hypertension, endothelial dysfunction, platelet aggregation, insulin resistant and activation of sympathetic system. In this way it can play very important role in development of stroke. Recent studies suggest that adiponectin and leptin may play an important role in obesity-associated cerebrovascular diseases. There is still too little evidence to say that these two hormones are independent marks of ischemic stroke and confirm their role in stroke pathogenesis.
PL
Otyłość brzuszna staje się coraz istotniejszym problemem zdrowotnym, głównie ze względu na związaną z nią koincydencję rozwoju chorób sercowo-naczyniowych. Tkanka tłuszczowa jest nie tylko źródłem zapasów energii, ale również hormonalnie czynnym systemem. Substancje wydzielane przez komórki tkanki tłuszczowej to adipocytokiny, do których zaliczamy między innymi leptynę i adiponektynę. Pomimo iż tkanka tłuszczowa jest jedynym źródłem adiponektyny, paradoksalnie jej stężenie w otyłości ulega obniżeniu. Ponadto niższe stężenia wykazano u chorych z chorobą niedokrwienną serca, cukrzycą typu II, nadciśnieniem tętniczym i dyslipidemią, czyli w stanach prawdopodobnej insulinooporności. Adiponektyna bierze udział w procesach usprawniających metabolizm glukozy i lipidów oraz wykazuje działanie przeciwzapalne i przeciwmiażdżycowe, a więc i potencjalnie ochronne działanie wobec chorób sercowo-naczyniowych. Ze wzrostem zgromadzonej tkanki tłuszczowej pozytywnie koreluje poziom leptyny, hormonu uczestniczącego w regulacji poboru pożywienia i wykorzystania energii. Leptyna wykazuje wiele potencjalnie proaterogennych właściwości. Poprzez między innymi wpływ na ciśnienie krwi, układ fibrynolityczny, funkcje śródbłonka, agregację płytek, oporność na insulinę oraz aktywację układu sympatycznego może odgrywać istotną rolę w rozwoju niedokrwiennego udaru mózgu. Badania sugerują, że adiponektyna i leptyna mogą stanowić ogniwo łączące otyłość z chorobami naczyniowymi OUN. Wciąż jednak istnieje zbyt mało danych, by uznać oba hormony za niezależne markery wystąpienia udaru niedokrwiennego mózgu oraz potwierdzić ich rolę w jego patogenezie.
Discipline
Year
Volume
8
Issue
2
Pages
84-89
Physical description
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article
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YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.psjd-613252b1-5696-48be-9c4a-e445e0c496d8
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