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2017 | 71 | 282-296
Article title

The aging process and function of endocrine glands

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PL
Proces starzenia a czynność gruczołów wydzielania wewnętrznego
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Abstracts
EN
Population aging is becoming the biggest medical challenge of the 21st century. The body of elderly people shows a decreased ability to adapt to changing environmental and intracorporeal conditions. Aging is a process that is complex and stretches over a considerable length of time. As we get older our bodies progressively change, including the endocrine system. The changes are not unidirectional and do not affect all the endocrine glands to the same degree. The secretion of some hormones becomes impaired, while the secretion of other ones increases. There are also some hormones whose secretion does not change. The frequent concomitance of chronic diseases and taking many medications makes it difficult to interpret the results of studies on changes in hormone secretion in elderly people. This paper focuses on aging-related changes in the secretion of growth hormone, thyroid hormones, parathyroid and adrenal hormones.
PL
Starzenie społeczeństw staje się największym wyzwaniem medycznym XXI w. Organizm osób w podeszłym wieku wykazuje obniżoną umiejętność przystosowywania się do zmiennych warunków środowiska zewnętrznego i wewnętrznego. Starzenie to proces złożony i znacznie rozciągnięty w czasie. Wraz z wiekiem dochodzi do postępujących zmian w ustroju, w tym do zmian w układzie endokrynnym. Zmiany te nie są jednokierunkowe i nie dotyczą w równym stopniu wszystkich gruczołów dokrewnych. Wydzielanie części hormonów ulega upośledzeniu, innych zwiększa się, są również takie, których wydzielanie nie ulega zmianie. Ze względu na częste współistnienie chorób przewlekłych i przyjmowanie wielu leków interpretacja wyników badań dotyczących zmian hormonalnych u osób w wieku podeszłym jest trudna. W niniejszym opracowaniu uwagę skupiono na zmianach związanych z wiekiem w wydzielaniu hormonu wzrostu, hormonów tarczycy, przytarczyc i nadnerczy.
Discipline
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Year
Volume
71
Pages
282-296
Physical description
Contributors
  • Zakład Patofizjologii, Katedra Patofizjologii i Endokrynologii, Wydział Lekarski z Oddziałem Lekarsko-Dentystycznym w Zabrzu, Śląski Uniwersytet Medyczny w Katowicach, a.e.kazimierczak@gmail.com
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article
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YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.psjd-610fcc73-9b0c-44ce-b53b-9fe72f7a109d
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