PL EN


Preferences help
enabled [disable] Abstract
Number of results
2018 | 100 | 197-212
Article title

Forecasting carbon sequestered in leaf litter of Tectona grandis species using tree growth variables

Content
Title variants
Languages of publication
EN
Abstracts
EN
Forests have several pools that acts as carbon sink to atmospheric carbon which is released by anthropogenic causes. Leaf litter is one of those very important pools whose role in nutrient cycling and carbon sequestration cannot be overemphasized. This study was conducted to develop equations for carbon stored in leaf litter of Tectona grandis using tree growth characteristics as explanatory variables. Data was collected from four 20 m × 20 m sample plots which were randomly selected. Within each plots, four litter traps were set to collect leaf litter on a weekly basis. The collected litter was further taken to the laboratory for carbon analysis. The tree growth variables measured in the plots were processed into suitable form for statistical analyses using descriptive statistics in form of tables, charts and graphs and inferential statistics using correlation and regression analysis. Different equation were developed and tried with different tree growth characteristics with a view to select the best equation among the simulated ones. The equation with a highest coefficient of determination (R2) and lowest standard error of estimate (SEE) was selected as the best fit. The average leaf litters produced per day ranged from 2.26g/m2 to 7.67g/m2, the maximum and minimum values of carbon stored in the studied species was 63%, 59% respectively. All the tried equations were significant and fit the data set well. The result showed that the logarithm equation has the highest R2 and lowest SEE values and was therefore selected as the best model. Result from the validated models showed that all tried equations except the exponential equation were good for prediction. Conclusively, the ability of the forest to sequester carbon is a function of the biomass production which is linked to the litter fall produced by the system. Since litter fall represent a major flux for the transfer of carbon and other nutrients between the vegetation and soil, it should therefore not be altered in order not to have an effect on below ground processes. Even though the scope of this study only covers a very small area and sample of the Nigeria forest, it is still very important for prediction of leaf litter carbon and hence, served as a tool for sustainable forest management.
Discipline
Publisher

Year
Volume
100
Pages
197-212
Physical description
Contributors
author
  • Department of Forestry and Wildlife Management, University of Port Harcourt, Nigeria
author
  • Department of Forestry and Wildlife Management, University of Port Harcourt, Nigeria
References
  • [1] Abib S. and Appadoo C. A pilot study for the estimation of above ground biomass and litter production in Rhizophora mucronata dominated mangrove ecosystems in the Island of Mauritius. Journal of Coastal Develpopment. 16 (1) (2012) 40-49
  • [2] Aiyeloja, A. A., Adedeji, G. A. and Larinde, S. L. Influence of seasons on honeybee wooden hives attack by termites in Port Harcourt, Nigeria. International Journal of Biological Veterinary, Agricultural and Food Engineering, 8(8) (2014)734-737.
  • [3] Berg B, McClaugherty C. Plant litter. 2nd edn, Springer Verlag, Berlin Heidelberg. (2008).
  • [4] J. Chave, D. Navarrete, S. Almeida, E. Álvarez, L. E. O. C. Aragão, D. Bonal, P. Châtelet, J. E. Silva-Espejo, J.-Y. Goret, P. von Hildebrand, E. Jiménez, S. Patiño, M. C. Peñuela, O. L. Phillips, P. Stevenson, and Y. Malhi. Regional and seasonal patterns of litterfall in tropical South America, Biogeosciences 7, (2010) 43–55.
  • [5] Chojnacky, D.C. Allometric scaling theory applied to FIA biomass estimation. Forest inventory Research Enterprise Unit (USDA Forest service: 1115-VMPR: 1400 Independence Avenue, Washington). (2003).
  • [6] De Gier, A. A new approach to woody biomass assessment in woodlands and Shrub lands. In: P. Roy (Ed), Geoinformatics for Tropical Ecosystems (2003) 161-198.
  • [7] Eguakun F.S. and Adesoye P.O. Comparative analysis of carbon sequestration capacity of selected exotic trees for reforestation program Ogun State. Academ Arena 8(11) (2016) 59-66
  • [8] Jenkins, J.C., Chojnacky, D.C., Heath, L.S. and Birdsey, R.A. National-Scale Biomass Estimators for United States Tree Species. Forest Science 49 (2003) 12-35.
  • [9] Lal, R. Soil carbon sequestration impacts on global climate change and food security. Science 304 (2004) 1623–1627.
  • [10] Mohit, V.N.D, and C. Appadoo. Characterization of forest structure and an assessment of litter production, accumulation and litter-associated invertebrates in two naturally occurring Rhizophora mucronata stands in Mauritius (Indian Ocean). University Of Mauritius Research Journal, 15 (2009) 244-267.
  • [11] Moutinho, P. R., Santilli, M., Schwartzman, S. and Rodrigues L. Why ignore tropical deforestation? A proposal for including forests conservation in the Kyoto Protocol. Unasylva 56 (2005) 27-30.
  • [12] Navarette, A.D.J., and J.J.O. Rivera. 2002. Litter production of Rhizophora mangle at Bacalar Chico, Southern Quintana Roo, Mexico. Universidad y Ciencia, 18(2) (2002) 56-62
  • [13] T. O. A. Adeyemi, O. D. Idowu, Biochar: Promoting Crop Yield, Improving Soil Fertility, Mitigating Climate Change and Restoring Polluted Soils. World News of Natural Sciences 8 (2017) 27-36
  • [14] M. I. M. Kaleel, K. Nijamir, The environmental challenges of declining mangroves: an analytical survey in Puttalam District in Sri Lanka. World News of Natural Sciences 14 (2017) 106-115
  • [15] B. A. Oyebade, J. C. Anaba, Individual tree basal area equation for a young Tectona grandis (Teak) plantation in Choba, Port Harcourt, Rivers State, Nigeria. World News of Natural Sciences 16 (2018) 144-154
  • [16] F. S. Eguakun, M. Job, Statistical relationship between leaf litter and tree growth characteristics of Tectona grandis species. World News of Natural Sciences 18(2) (2018) 252-261
  • [17] Pan, Y., Birdsey, R.A., Fang, J., Houghton, R., Kauppi, P.E., Kurz, W.A., Phillips, O.L., Shvidenko, A., Lewis,S.L., Canadell, J.G., Ciais, P., Jackson, R.B., Pacala, S.W., McGuire, A.D., Piao, S., Rautiainen, A., Sitch, S., & Hayes, D. A large and Persistent Carbon Sink in the World’s Forests. Science 333 (2011) 988 – 993.
  • [18] Pereira, Júnior, Lécio Resende, Eunice Maia de Andrade, Helba Araújo de Queiroz Palácio, Poliana Costa Lemos Raymer, Jacques Carvalho Ribeiro Filho e Francisco Jairo Soares Pereira. Carbon stocks in a tropical dry forest in Brazil. Revista Ciência Agronômica, 47 (1) (2016) 32-40
  • [19] Rajkaran A and B.J. Adams. 2010. Mangrove litter production and organic carbon pools in the Mngazana Estuary, South Africa. Afr. J of Aquat. Sci. 32(1) (2010) 17-25
  • [20] Saint-Paul U., and H Schneider. Mangrove Dynamics and Management in North Brazil. Berlin: Springer. (2010)
  • [21] Samalca, I. Estimation of forest biomass and its error: a case in Kalimantan, Indonesia, ITC, Enschede, (2007) 74.
  • [22] Sayer, E. J., Heard, M. S., Grant, H. K., Marthews, T. R., and Tan- ner, Edmund V. J.: Soil carbon release enhanced by increased tropical forest litter fall, Nature Climate Change, 1 (2011) 304–307, doi:10.1038/NCLIMATE1190.
  • [23] Wang, C. Biomass allometric equations for 10 co-occurring tree species in Chinese temperate forests. Forest Ecology and Management, 222(1-3) (2006) 9-16.
  • [24] Zianis, D., Muukkonen, P., Makipaa, R. and Mencuccini, M.. Biomass and stem volume equations for tree species in Europe. Silva Fennica (2005) 1-63.
  • [25] Zianis, D. and Mencuccini, M. On simplifying allometric analyses of forest biomass. Forest Ecology and Management, 187 (2004) 311-332.
  • [26] Jackson, R.B., Canadell, J., Ehrlinger, J.R., Mooney, H.A., Sala, O.E., Schulze, E.D., 1996. A global analysis of root distribu-tions for terrestrial biomes. Oecologia 108, 389-411.
  • [27] Jobba Âgy, E.G., Jackson, R.B., 2000. The vertical distribution of soil organic carbon and its relation to climate and vegetation. Ecol. Appl. 10, 423-436.
  • [28] Karmacharya, S.B., Singh, K.P., 1992. Biomass and net production of teak plantations in a dry tropical region in India. For. Ecol. Mgmt. 55, 233-247.
  • [29] Brown, S., 1993. Tropical forests and the global carbon cycle: the need for sustainable land use patterns. Agric. Ecosyst. Environ. 46, 31-44.
  • [30] Cairns, M.A., Brown, S., Helmer, E.H., Baumgardner, G.A., 1997. Root biomass allocation in the world's upland forests. Oecologia 111, 1-11.
  • [31] Christie, S.I., Scholes, R.J., 1995. Carbon storage in eucalyptus and pine plantations in South Africa. Environ. Monit. Assess. 38, 231-241.
  • [32] Winjum, J.K., Schroeder, P.E., 1997. Forest plantations of the world: their extent, ecological attributes, and carbon storage. Agric. For. Meteorol. 84, 153-167.
  • [33] Vogt, K., 1991. Carbon budgets of temperate forest ecosystems. Tree Physiol. 9, 69-86.
  • [34] Lugo, A.E., Brown, S., 1992. Tropical forests as sinks of atmospheric carbon. For. Ecol. Mgmt. 54, 239-256.
  • [35] Nabuurs, G.J., Mohren, J.M.G., 1995. Modelling analysis of potential carbon sequestration in selected forest types. Can. J. For. Res. 25, 1157-1172
Document Type
article
Publication order reference
Identifiers
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.psjd-603aac5f-0a78-444f-a7f7-636d21189315
JavaScript is turned off in your web browser. Turn it on to take full advantage of this site, then refresh the page.