Employee motivation phenomenon
Languages of publication
The article presents the employee motivation phenomenon. Thanks to the use of literature review methods, theoretical aspects of the issue were discussed and possible models of motivation, financial and non-financial elements of motivation were presented. The article constitutes the synthesis of employee motivation theory and includes the explanation of how motivation affects employee behavior. The aim of this study is to present motivational models, because the motivation of employees is a difficult and demanding task for employers and managers. Enterprises are focused on multiplying profits, development and maintenance of competitive positions on the market, thus it is necessary to properly motivate and search for new solutions covering financial and non-financial incentives. Considering high costs of retention of the employee in the organization, it is rational to identify, analyze and criticize the theories of motivation underlying the retention of employees in organizations. Low level of unemployment can force many organizations to re-examine their employees' retention strategies as part of their efforts.
-  A. G. Bedeian, Management New York: Dryden Press. (3rd ed.), (1993)
-  J. M. Beus, D. S. Whitman, Almighty Dollar or Root of All Evil? Testing the Effects of Money on Workplace Behavior, Journal of Management, 43, 7, (2147), (2017).
-  D. Cramer, Job satisfaction and organizational continuance commitment: a two-wave panel study, Journal of Organizational Behavior 17 (4), 1996,
-  G. Dessler, How to earn your employees' commitment. Academy of Management Executive, 13(2) (1999)58-67.
-  G. Dessler, Human Resource Management (8 ed.). New Jersey: Prentice Hall, (2000).
-  T.W. Ferratt, L.E. Short, Are information systems people different: an investigation of motivational differences, MIS Quarterly 10 (4), 1986,
-  T.W. Ferratt, L.E. Short, Patterns of motivation: beyond differences between IS and non-IS people, MIS Quarterly 14 (1), 1990,
-  J. Fitz-enz, It's costly to lose good employees. Workforce, 50, 50 (1997)
-  J.W. Griesser, Motivation and information systems professionals, Journal of Managerial Psychology 8 (3), 1993,
-  R. Kreitner, A. Kinicki, Organizational Behavior (4 ed.). Boston: Irwin McGraw-Hill. (1998)
-  T. Ren, R. Fang, Z. Yang, The impact of pay-for-performance perception and pay level satisfaction on employee work attitudes and extra-role behaviors, Journal of Chinese Human Resources Management, 8, 2, (94), (2017).
-  S. Robbins, Organizational Behavior (6 ed.). Englewood Cliffs: Prentice-Hall (1993)
-  A.H. Maslow, Motivation and Personality, Harper & Row, New York, 1987
-  Terence R. Mitchell. Motivation: New Direction for Theory, Research, and Practice. Academy of Management Review, Vol.7, No 1 (1982) 80-88. https://doi.org/10.5465/amr.1982.4285467
-  J. Muhammad, Relationship of job stress and type-A behavior to employees' job satisfaction, organizational commitment, psychosomatic health problems, and turnover motivation, Human Relations Vol 43, Issue 8, 1990. https://doi.org/10.1177/001872679004300802
-  T. Mussner, A. Strobl, V. Veider, K. Matzler, The effect of work ethic on employees' individual innovation behavior, Creativity and Innovation Management, 26, 4, (391-406), (2017).
-  M. O'Malley, Creating Commitment: How to Attract and Retain Talented Employees by Building Relationships That Last (Vol. 1). New York: John Wiley & Sons, Inc. (2000)
-  D. Pohler , J. A. Schmidt, Does Pay‐for‐Performance Strain the Employment Relationship? The Effect of Manager Bonus Eligibility on Nonmanagement Employee Turnover, Personnel Psychology, 69, 2, (395-429), (2015).
-  E.A. Ward, Relation of job satisfaction and job knowledge and their effect on intention to turnover, Psychological Reports 63 (2), 1988,
-  V.H. Vroom, Work and motivation. New York: Wiley. (1964)
Publication order reference