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The Family-School Connection: Parental Influences in Academic Achievement and the Underlying Gender Differences

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Research from multiple traditions demonstrates the impact of children’s social environments on their academic motivation, learning, and achievement. The present literature review attempts to better understand the family-school relationship, with a particular emphasis on parental influences on the child’s academic achievement and later career development. This paper focuses on the proximal (parent-child interactions) and distal (familial social/cultural context) dimension. Additionally, an attempt is made to understand the gender differences that are seen in children in their academic preferences and later career choices.
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  • Department of Psychology and Neuroscience, College of Psychology, Nova Southeastern University, 3301 College Avenue, Fort Lauderdale, FL 33314, USA
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