Primates Associated with Crop Raiding Around Borgu Sector of Kainji Lake National Park, Nigeria
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Crop raiding activities of primates around Kainji Lake National Park (Borgu Sector), Nigeria was investigated with the use of questionnaire complemented with field survey focus group discussion, and in-depth interview. One hundred (100) questionnaires were administered to representative of households in selected four support zones villages. Group discussions were conducted in the villages. Data collected were analyzed using descriptive statistics in form of percentages, frequencies and charts. Crop raiding and animal depredation, were sources of conflict in Kainji Lake National Park (Borgu Sector). The common primates raiding farmlands identified by the farmers comprised of Olive Boboon (Papio anubis), Patas monkey (Erthrocebus patas), green monkey (Chlorocebus aethiops) and others primates that cannot be identify by the farmers. Large percentage of the raids (40%) was perpetrated by Papio anubis, followed by Patas monkey (35%) and the least is Green Monkey (2%). The result showed that maize marked higher rank of crop of seasonal harvest that were lost to primates animals, also 3-5 of 50 kg bags of crops estimated were destroyed, in a plating season. The most effective strategy the local communities used in preventing crop damage was watch guarding (70%) other method were fencing (60%), hunting (45%),scare crow (36%) and toxic chemical (5%). The mitigation measure advocate by nearly all respondents (57%) was killing of destructive wildlife species irrespective of its conservation significance. Measures must put in place to check mate the community and to educate them about wildlife conservation. The community should also be compensated for their lost, maybe this will encourage them to have positive attitude to wildlife conservation.
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