Preferences help
enabled [disable] Abstract
Number of results
2017 | 70 | 2 | 252-264
Article title

A Comparism of the Response of Some Pearl Millest (Pennisetum glaucum (L.) R. BR) Hybrids and Their Parents to Downy Mildew (Sclerospora graminicola) Infestation in Bakura and Zaria (North-western Nigeria)

Title variants
Languages of publication
Downy mildew (Sclerospora graminicola (Sacc) Schroet.) of pearl millet [Pennisetum glaucum (L.) R.Br.] is a devastating disease that has greatly led to grain yield loss in Nigeria. A field experiment was carried out in 2010 at Bakura (Zamfara State) and Zaria (Kaduna State) in North West Nigeria. The objective of this paper was to evaluate downy mildew resistance in some pearl millet using Complete Randomized Block Design. Four resistant male varieties (PEO5532, SOSATC88, P1449 and DMR15) and four susceptible female varieties (BDP1, MOP1, LCIC9702 and PEO5984 were used in this study. The resistant varieties were crossed with the susceptible varieties using North Carolina design 11 for the mating to form sixteen (F1) hybrids. The F1 hybrids were further evaluated along with their parents for downy mildew resistance, grain yield and other agronomic traits (such as: Plant height, panicle height, number of tillers per plant, panicle diameter and number panicles per plot). The resistant male parents were found to be susceptible while none of the hybrids was resistant to downy mildew. However, the degree of incidence and severity of downy mildew disease defer in the two locations. The hybrids exhibited tolerance to downy mildew disease and their yields were higher than their parents. The analysis of variance (one tale ANOVA or which one?) showed highly significant difference among parents and hybrids for all agronomic characters except disease severity and number of tillers per plant. Location × genotype interaction effects were only significant for grain yield and number of panicles per plot.
Physical description
  • Federal University Dutsin-Ma, Katsina State, Nigeria
  • Lake Chad Research Institute, Maiduguri, ICRISAT Kano, Nigeria
  • [1] FAO and ICRISAT. The world Sorghum and Millet economies- facts, trends and outlook. (Italy: Rome) (1996) 68.
  • [2] Lakshmana D. Genetic diversity, heterosis and combining ability studies involving diverse sources of cytoplasmic genetic male sterility in pearl millet [Pennisetum glaucum (L.) R.Br.] Ph.D. Dissertation Department Genetics and Plant Breeding, University of Agricultural Sciences, Dharwad - 580 005 (2008) 168.
  • [3] Angarawai, I. I, Aladele S., Dawud M. A. , Turaki Z G S. & Yakub Y. Genetic Diversity among Nigeria 'Maiwa Type' of Pearl Millet Germplasm. Global Journal of Science Frontier Research (D) Volume XVI Issue I II Version I (2016) 15-19.
  • [4] Pucher Anna, Ousmane Sy, Ignatius I. Angarawai, Jada Gondah, Roger Zangre, Mahamadi Ouedraogo, Moussa D. Sanogo, S. Boureima, C. Tom Hash, Bettina I.G. Haussmann. Agro-morphological Characterization of West and Central African Pearl Millet Accessions. Crop Sci. 55 (2015) 737–748. doi: 10.2135/cropsci 2014.06.0450 c Crop Science Society of America | 5585 Guilford Rd., Madison, WI 53711 USA.
  • [5] Akromah, R., Afribeh, D. And Abdulai M.S. Genetic variation and trait correlations in a bird resistant pearl millet landrace population. African Journal of Biotechnology Vol. 7 (12) (2008) 1847-1850, 17 June, 2008. ISSN 1684–5315 © 2008 Academic Journals
  • [6] Singh, S.D., S.B. King and J. Werder. Downy mildew disease of pearl millet. Information Bulletin No. 37 (1993). International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics, Patancheru, India.
  • [7] Jeger, M. J., Gilijamse, E., Bock, C. H. and Frinking, H. D. The epidemiology, Variability and control of the downy mildews of pearl millet and sorghum with particular reference to Africa. Plant Pathology 47 (1998) 544-569.
  • [8] Zarafi, A.B., Emechebe, A.M., Akpa, A.D and O. Alabi. Pathogenic variability Among Sclerospora graminicola isolates in Northern Nigeria. Nigerian Journal of Tropical Agriculture 4 (2002) 1-11
  • [9] Payak, M.M. Epidemiology of maize downy mildew with special reference to those occurring in Asia. Tropical. Agricultural Resource. Series (Tokyo) 8 (1975) 81-91.
  • [10] Ramalingam, A., Rajasab, A.H. Epidemiology of sorghum downy mildew. VI. Relative importance of oospores and conidia in epidemics of systemic infection. Proc. Indian Nat. Sci. Acad, Part B 47 (1981) 625-630.
  • [11] Singh. S.D. Downy mildew of pearl millet. Plant Diseases 79 (1995) 545-550
  • [12] Selveraj, J. C. Research on pearl millet diseases in Nigeria. Samaru Conference Paper 28 (1979) 20.
  • [13] Harris E. Diseases of Millet. Samaru Technical Notes, Volume 11A 1.2, Samaru. (1962) 6.
  • [14] King, S. B. World review of pearl millet diseases: knowledge and future research needs. In Sorghum and millets Diseases: A Second World Review (W.A.J. de Milliano, R.A. Frederikesn and G.D. Bengstoneds). ICRISAT, Patacheru, India. (1972) 95-108.
  • [15] Zarafi, A.B., Emechebe, A.M., Akpa, A.D and O. Alabi. The incidence of pearl millet downy mildew, Sclerospora graminicola (Sacc.) in Samaru, Nigeria. Nigerian journal of tropical Agriculture 3: (2001) 14-22.
  • [16] Anaso, A. B. Pearl millet downy mildew in Maiduguri, Nigeria. Disease incidence and loss estimates. Nigerian journal of Plant Protection 16 (1996) 82-92.
  • [17] Turaki, Z.G.S. Crop loss assessment and Evaluation of pearl millet cultivars for resistance to downy mildew, Sclerosporagraminicola, (Sacc. Schroet.) in Northern Nigeria. A Ph.D Thesis submitted to Crop Protection Department, University of Maiduguri, Nigeria (unpublished) (2004).
  • [18] Andrews, D.J. Breeding Pearl millet grain Hybrid. In FAO/DANIDA Regional Seminar on Breeding and Producing Hybrid Varieties. (W.P. Feistritzer and A.F. Kelly, eds.) FA, Rome, Italy (1987) Pp 83-109.
  • [19] Singh, S.D. and G. Singh, Resistance to downy mildew in pearl millet hybrid NHB 3. Indian Phytopathology 40 (1987) 178-180.
  • [20] Singh, S.D. Recycling of pearl millet cultivars for the control of downy mildew. Indian journal of plant protection 22 (1994) 164-169.
  • [21] Louvel, D. Breeding Millet (Pennisetum glaucum) for disease resistance. Center National de Recharches Agronomiques, Bambey, Senegal. (1982).
  • [22] Williams, R.J. and D.J. Andrews. Breeding for disease and pest resistance in pearl millet. FAO plant protection Bulletin 31 (1983) 136-158.
  • [23] Williams, R.J. Disease resistance in pearl millet. Rev. Tropical Plant Pathology.1 (1984) 245-296.
  • [24] Andrews, D.J., S.B. King, J.R. Witcombe, S.D. Singh, K.N. Rai, R.P. Thakur, B.S. Talukdar, S.B. Chavan, and P. Singh, Breeding for disease resistance and yield in pearl millet. Field Crops Research. 11 (1985) 241-258.
  • [25] Rai, K.N. and N.B. Singh. Breeding pearl millet male-sterile lines. In Proceedings International Pearl Millet Workshop. (J.R. Witcombe and S.R. Backerman, Eds). ICRISAT, Patancheru, India. (1987) 127-137.
  • [26] King, S. B. World review of pearl millet diseases: knowledge and future research needs. In Sorghum and millets Diseases: A Second World Review (W.A.J. de Milliano, R.A. Frederikesn and G.D. Bengston eds). ICRISAT, Patacheru, India. (1972) 95-108.
  • [27] Talukdar, B.S., S.D. Singh and C.T. Hash. Breeding for resistance to diseases in pearl millet. In Crop Breeding in India. (H.G. Singh S. N. Mishra T.B. Singh, HariHar Rant and D.F Sing eds). International Book Distributing Company, Lucknow, India. (1994) 176-185.
  • [28] Rai, K.N. and K.A. Kumar. Pearl millet Improvement at ICRISAT – An update. International Sorghum and millet Newsletter 35 (1994) 1-29
  • [29] Zamfara State Agricultural Development Authority. Planning, Monitoring Evaluation (PME) Department and the Agricultural Development Planning (ADP) Department (2008).
  • [30] Ati, O.F. Place of weather and climate in the preservation of scholarly and literary traditions and manuscripts heritage. Presented at International Conference on Preserving Nigeria’s Scholarly and Literary Traditions and Arabic Manuscripts Heritage organized by Arewa House, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria in Collaboration with the United States Embassy, Abuja, held at Arewa House, Kaduna, Nigeria. 7th – 8th March 2007. Pp 6
  • [31] Comstock, R.E., and H.F. Robinson. The components of genetic variance in populations of biparental progenies and their use in estimating the average degree of dominance. Biometrics 4 (1948) 254-66.
  • [32] Hallauer, A.R., and J.B. Miranda. Quantitative genetics in maize breeding. 2nd ed. Iowa State Univ. Press, Ames, IA. (1981).
  • [33] Yahaya, Y. Studies of Combining Ability and Heterosis of Male Sterile Lines and their Restorers in Pearl Millet (Pennisetum glaucum (L) R. Br.). A Ph.D. Dissertation. ABU Zaria. (2004) 154.
  • [34] Thakur, R.P., Shetty, K.G. Variation in pathogenicity amongsingle-oospore isolates of Sclerospora graminicola, the causalorganism of downy mildew in pearl millet.Plant pathology. 42 (1993) 715-721.
  • [35] Thakur, R.P., Rao, V.P. Variation in virulence and aggressiveness among Pathotypes of Sclerospora graminicola on pearl millet. Indian Phytopathology.50 (1997) 41-47.
  • [36] Thakur R.P., Rao V.P. and Sharma R. Evidence for temporal virulence change in the pearl millet downy mildew pathogen, Sclerospora graminicola in India. Journal of SAT Agricultural Research 3 (2007) (
  • [37] Thakur, R.P.; Rao, V.P. and Sharma, R. Temporal Virulence Change and Identification of Resistance in Pearl Millet Germplasm to Diverse Pathotypes of Sclerospora Graminicola. Journal of Plant Pathology 91 (3) (2009) 629-636.
  • [38] Sivaramakrishnan S., Thakur R.P., Kannan S., Rao V.P. Pathogenic and genetic diversity among Indian isolates of Sclerospora graminicola from pearl millet. Indian Phytopathology 56 (2003) 392-397.
  • [39] Sharma R., Rao V.P., Varshney R.K., Prasanth V.P., Kannan S., Thakur R.P. Characterization of pathogenic and molecular diversity in Sclerospora graminicola, the causal agent of pearl millet downy mildew. Archives of Phytopathology and Plant Protection (in press) (2008).
  • [40] Thakur R.P. Downy mildew prevents realization of high yield potential of pearl millet hybrids in Maharshtra. Downy mildew of pearl millet in Maharshtra. Short communications (2003) 5.
  • [41] Thakur R.P., Shetty H.S., Khairwal I.S. Pearl millet downy mildew research in India: progress and perspectives. International Sorghum and Millets Newsletter 47 (2006) 125-130.
  • [42] Zarafi B. A. and Alphonsus E. M. Incidence of Pearl Millet Downy Mildew [Sclerospora graminicola (Sacc.)] in Nigeria. Journal of Plant Protection Research. Vol. 45 (3) (2005) 154-162.
Document Type
Publication order reference
YADDA identifier
JavaScript is turned off in your web browser. Turn it on to take full advantage of this site, then refresh the page.