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2016 | 70 | 256–264
Article title

Physical activity in pregnancy and its impact on duration of labor and postpartum period

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PL
Aktywność fizyczna w okresie ciąży i jej wpływ na czas trwania porodu oraz połogu
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EN
Abstracts
EN
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the work was to assess the level of physical activity of women before and during pregnancy and to determine whether physical exercise influences the course and duration of labor and the postpartum period. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study encompassed 63 pregnant women aged 19–36, with a mean pregnancy weight gain of 7–27 kg, no contraindication to physical activity, and term birth. Physical activity was assessed at three stages: before and during pregnancy, and during the postpartum period, with the use of the seven-day international IPAQ questionnaire. The respondents’ physical condition in the postpartum period was assessed with an original 26-item questionnaire. RESULTS: The self-assessed level of physical activity before pregnancy was moderate in most respondents (60.3%); only 12.7% of the respondents declared a low level of physical activity. During pregnancy the level of physical activity decreased in 25.4% of the respondents and significantly reduced in 11%. Women who were inactive before pregnancy remained inactive during pregnancy. The mean duration of the second stage of labor in women with moderate and high levels of physical activity was 43.61 min. The length of the entire postpartum period was the shortest (four weeks) in active women. CONCLUSIONS: Physical activity before and during pregnancy has an impact on the duration of labor and the postpartum period.
PL
CEL PRACY: Celem pracy była ocena poziomu aktywności fizycznej kobiet przed i w trakcie ciąży oraz ustalenie, czy aktywność fizyczna wpływa na trwanie porodu i okres połogu. MATERIAŁ I METODY: Badania przeprowadzono na 63 kobietach w ciąży w wieku 19–36 lat bez przeciwwskazań do aktywności fizycznej, u których odnotowano przyrost ciężaru ciała pomiędzy 7–27 kg. Poziom aktywności fizycznej mierzono trzykrotnie: przed i w trakcie ciąży oraz podczas połogu. W tym celu użyto kwestionariusza IPAQ – wersji siedmiodniowej oraz dodatkowo autorskiego kwestionariusza ankiety składającego się z 26 pytań. WYNIKI: Poziom aktywności fizycznej przed ciążą był u większości badanych kobiet umiarkowany (60,3%), tylko 12,7% kobiet deklarowało niski poziom aktywności fizycznej. W trakcie trwania ciąży poziom tej aktywności obniżył się w 25,4% przypadków i istotnie zmniejszył w 11%. Kobiety, które były nieaktywne przed ciążą, pozostały nieaktywne również w okresie jej trwania. Średni czas II etapu porodu u kobiet o średnim i wysokim poziomie aktywności fizycznej wynosił 43,61 min. Długość okresu połogu była krótsza u kobiet aktywnych i twała średnio 4 tygodnie. WNIOSKI: Aktywność fizyczna przed ciażą i w trakcie jej trwania ma wpływ na fazy porodu oraz długość okresu połogu.
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Year
Volume
70
Pages
256–264
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Contributors
author
  • PhD, PT, Department of Kinesiology Chair of Physiotherapy, School of Health Sciences in Katowice, Medical University of Silesia in Katowice, Poland, ul. Medyków 12, 40-754 Katowice, tel. +48 32 208 87 21, aniabrzek@interia.pl
  • Department of Gynaecology and Obstetrics, School of Health Sciences in Katowice, Medical University of Silesia in Katowice, Poland
author
  • Department of Kinesiology Chair of Physiotherapy, School of Health Sciences in Katowice, Medical University of Silesia in Katowice, Poland
author
  • Department of Kinesiology Chair of Physiotherapy, School of Health Sciences in Katowice, Medical University of Silesia in Katowice, Poland
  • Department of Physiotherapy Chair of Physiotherapy, School of Health Sciences in Katowice, Medical University of Silesia in Katowice, Poland
  • Department of Women’s Disease Control and Prevention, School of Health Sciences in Katowice, Medical University of Silesia in Katowice, Poland
  • Department of Kinesiology Chair of Physiotherapy, School of Health Sciences in Katowice, Medical University of Silesia in Katowice, Poland
  • Department of Adapted Physical Activity and Sport Chair of Physiotherapy, School of Health Sciences in Katowice, Medical University of Silesia in Katowice, Poland
  • Department of Adapted Physical Activity and Sport Chair of Physiotherapy, School of Health Sciences in Katowice, Medical University of Silesia in Katowice, Poland
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Document Type
article
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bwmeta1.element.psjd-58185be7-c4ed-44fb-ad9a-ec5d3f08253c
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