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2016 | 60 | 13-25
Article title

An Analysis of Radiation Pattern and Standing-Wave Ratio (SWR) of the Gray Hoverman Antenna

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The radio antenna may be defined as the structure associated with the region of transition between a guided wave and free-space wave, or vice versa. Antennas convert electrons to photon, or vice versa. All involve the same basic principle that the radiation is produced by accelerated or decelerated charge. In order to enhance the reading and measurement, forward scattering technique is used to acquire more data. The aim of this paper is to highlight the theory part of radiation pattern and the analysis of this parameter. From the results, the radiation pattern of the antenna with a range of 700 MHz with the range of -11.0 dB till 10.6 dB. The results show that the maximum front lobe value is 14.4 dB. The back lobe value is 3.32 dBi and the side lobe is -18 dBi. As the gain of a directional antenna increases, the coverage distance increases, but the effective coverage angle decreases due to the lobes being pushed in a certain direction because there is a little energy on the back side of the antenna. The SWR is high in the range of 1-100 MHz with 106 but suddenly decreased to 10 at 100 MHz. The patterns are very dynamics and it less that 10 from 530 MHz to 1000 MHz. We conclude that The simulation results of this antenna structure are quite good as this antenna structure can work in particular frequency bands with a good amount of gain of 14.4 dBi, the SWR of below 10dBi, and impedance matching around 100 ohm.
Physical description
  • School of Physics and Material Sciences, Faculty of Sciences, Universiti Teknologi MARA, 40450, Shah Alam, Selangor, Malaysia,
  • School of Physics and Material Sciences, Faculty of Sciences, Universiti Teknologi MARA, 40450, Shah Alam, Selangor, Malaysia
  • Insitute of Sciences (IOS), Universiti Teknologi MARA, 40450, Shah Alam, Selangor, Malaysia
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