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2019 | 135 | 283-288
Article title

Applications of Second Order Derivative of Planck Distribution to Cosmic Microwave Background and Melting Point

Content
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Languages of publication
EN
Abstracts
EN
The second order derivative of Planck distribution for black body radiation has been applied to conclude that minimum temperature of cosmic microwave background can never be less than 1.6 Kelvin. The same derivative has been applied to derive a melting point of all materials naturally to begin to become nonsolid materials, and to derive a limit of temperature for materials naturally to begin to become radioactive materials which radiate.
Discipline
Year
Volume
135
Pages
283-288
Physical description
Contributors
  • Department of Mathematics, Alagappa University, Karaikudi - 630 003, India
References
  • [1] Ebrahimi, M.J. Hosseini, A.A. Ranjbar, M. Rahimi, and R. Bahrampoury, Melting process investigation of phase change materials in a shell and tube heat exchanger enhanced with heat pipe. Renewable Energy 138 (2019) 378-394.
  • [2] D.J. Fixsen, The temperature of the cosmic microwave background. The Astrophysical Journal 707(2) (2009) 916-920.
  • [3] T. Li, Z. Hou, Y.Fu, J. Yu, W. Gu, and Z. Wang, Correction of self-absorption effect in calibration-free laser-induced break down spectroscopy (CF-LIBS) with black body radiation reference. Analytica Chemica Acta 1058 (2019) 39-47.
  • [4] A.N. Makarov, The laws of heat radiation from solids, gas volumes, and the fundamental laws of physics. Journal of Applied Physics & Nanotechnology 2(1) (2019), 5 pages.
  • [5] Vadim R. Munirov and Nathaniel J. Fisch. Radiation in equilibrium with plasma and plasma effects on cosmic microwave background. Phys. Rev. E 100, 023202. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevE.100.023202
  • [6] G.G. Nyambuya, Planck radiation formula for massive photons. Prespacetime Journal 8(5) (2017). 663-674
  • [7] J.C. Osborne, Eigen spectra for correlating cosmic microwave background temperature data, Ph.D. Thesis, Case Western Reserve University, 2019.
  • [8] Moorthy, C. Ganesa, G. Sankar, and G. Rajkumar. Simplified Interpretation for Einstein’s Energy Mass Relation. Imperial Journal of Interdisciplinary Research 3(9) (2017) 538-539.
  • [9] Moorthy, C. Ganesa, G. Udhaya Sankar, and G. RajKumar. Temperature of Black Holes and Minimum Wavelength of Radio Waves. International Journal of Scientific Research in Science, Engineering and Technology 4.4 (2018): 1104-1107.
  • [10] Moorthy, C. Ganesa, G. Udhaya Sankar, and G. Rajkumar. Two Expressions for Electrostatic Forces and For Magnetic Forces to Classify Electromagnetic Waves. Imperial Journal of Interdisciplinary Research 3.10 (2017): 706-709.
  • [11] Moorthy, C. Ganesa, G. Udhaya Sankar, and G. RajKumar. A Design for Charging Section of Electrostatic Precipitators by Applying a Law for Electric Field Waves. Imperial Journal of Interdisciplinary Research 3.6 (2017): 842-844.
  • [12] Moorthy, C. Ganesa, G. Udhaya Sankar, and Graj Kumar. "What Is The Polarity Of An Electromagnetic Wave? Indian J. Sci. Res 13.1 (2017) 255-256.
  • [13] Udhaya Sankar, G., C. Ganesa Moorthy, and G. Raj Kumar. Global Magnetic Field Strengths of Planets From A Formula. International Journal of Scientific Research in Science, Engineering and Technology 2(6) (2016) 366-367
Document Type
short_communication
Publication order reference
Identifiers
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.psjd-5410b138-3f33-4e42-8709-3efbed432c6e
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