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2020 | 146 | 60-71
Article title

Determination of Heat of Biomass Pyrolysis and Particle Residence Time under Isothermal and Non-Isothermal Heating Conditions

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The experimental investigations for determination of heat of pyrolysis have given quite different results due to the influence of the experimental conditions on the measured heat of pyrolysis of biomass. Consequently, a theoretical investigation into the process is required. Therefore, this paper presents analytical model for the determination of heat of biomass pyrolysis and particle residence time under isothermal and non-isothermal heating conditions. The developed analytical solutions are used to investigate the effects of heating conditions on the heat of biomass pyrolysis and particle residence time. From study, it is established that the heat of the pyrolysis first showed endothermic peaks and followed by exothermic peaks at different temperatures for the different heating rates. Also, as the heating rate increases, the particle residence time in the reactor decreases and high heating rates favoured the production of tar and gas. The length of heating and its intensity affect the rate, extent and sequence of pyrolysis reactions, and composition of the resultant products.
Physical description
  • Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Lagos, Nigeria
  • Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Lagos, Nigeria
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