The Gray Hoverman Antenna Construction for Meteor Observation
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Meteors typically are small particles, normally no larger than a microscopic of sand, that enter our atmosphere at speeds of up to around 70 kilometers per second. Meteoroids are thought to originate in asteroids or comets, though some may be remnants from the early days of the Solar System. When a meteoroid striking the upper atmosphere, these meteors are produced by the streams of cosmic debris at extremely high speeds on parallel trajectories. Radio meteor scatter by forward scattering is a technique for observing meteors. A forward - scattering technique for radio meteor detection has been well-known for over 50 years ago. The Gray-Hoverman antenna has been designed by Doyt R. Hoverman and was invented in the 1950s covers from 300 to 3000 MHz and shows high performance for most Digital / HD channels broadcasting. The data obtained from the special software named 4nec2. From the results, the high gain obtained by the antenna is around 14.4 dBi at targeted range frequencies of 500MHz to 700MHz. it can be clearly observed that the designed antenna structure provides good amount of gain 14.4 dB, which is highly desirable for various applications. In future, the current Gray Hoverman’s antenna can be improved by adding 2 or more antennas which are structured in series or parallel depending on compatibility.
- School of Physics and Material Sciences, Faculty of Sciences, Universiti Teknologi MARA, 40450, Shah Alam, Selangor, Malaysia, email@example.com
- School of Physics and Material Sciences, Faculty of Sciences, Universiti Teknologi MARA, 40450, Shah Alam, Selangor, Malaysia
- Academy of Contemporary Islamic Studies (ACIS), Universiti Teknologi MARA, 40450, Shah Alam, Selangor, Malaysia
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