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2019 | 129 | 161-179
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Anatomical and physiological adaptation of mangrove wetlands in east coast of Tamil Nadu

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The mangrove adaptations in the environment are the majority essential for the sustainable survival, development and intertidal zones due to special ability of salt tolerance. Mangroves possess a general characteristic to tolerating high salinity of seawater. Notably, they normalize ion homeostasis below brackish stress by salt secretion also ultrafiltration and ion appropriation. The plants have development of complex, physiological and anatomical adaptations allowing survival in their high stress habitat. The mangrove should restrain with aeration effect of sun, storm, osmotic disproportion, high salinity, brackish oxygen lacking and water- logged soils. Although, the reaction of adaptations the majority obvious attribute be succulent vegetation with increase mesophyll area, broad cuticle and wax deposition on the epidermis. The anatomical distinctiveness are the foundation designed for their physiological alteration to soaring salt condition.
Physical description
  • Department of Botany, Annamalai University, Annamalai Nagar, Chidambaram, 608 002, Tamil Nadu, India
  • Department of Botany, Annamalai University, Annamalai Nagar, Chidambaram, 608 002, Tamil Nadu, India
  • Department of Botany, Annamalai University, Annamalai Nagar, Chidambaram, 608 002, Tamil Nadu, India
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