Effect on Major Solar Flares on AR 10720 associated with Halo Coronal Mass Ejections (CMEs)
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This research will focus on the major solar flares (X-Class) from active region AR 10720. All the data were retrieved and analysed from authority agencies which are SOHO and NOAA. From X-ray data, AR 10720 was producing 5 major solar flares namely X1.2, X2.6, X3.8, X1.3 and X7.1 from 106 of total solar flares. From data analysis, all major solar flares were associated with full halo coronal mass ejection (CME) except for solar flare X1.2. If major solar flare happened early, it will potentially to happened again in the same AR in the range 1-3 days. The speed of halo-CME was producing more than 1,000 kms-1. The Dst index shows all major solar flares affected the earth magnetic field and lead to geomagnetic storms in the ranges 1-3 days after the flares events. From proton speed data shows there is no obvious pattern towards major solar flares. From of all these data, prediction of major solar flares can be made in futures research.
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