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2018 | 18 | 1 | 5–11
Article title

Quality of life in institutionalized patients with schizophrenia

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PL
Jakość życia chorych na schizofrenię przebywających w placówkach psychiatrycznych stałego pobytu
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EN
Abstracts
EN
Aim: Research into quality of life has become very important recently, since quality of life is increasingly used to characterise diseases and estimate the efficiency of therapeutics. The aim of this study was to determine significant factors that are associated with the quality of life of patients with schizophrenia accommodated in social welfare institutions. Material and methods: The study was conducted at the Institution for the Accommodation of Adults “Male Pcelice,” Kragujevac, Serbia. It was designed as a cross-sectional study. The quality of life was measured by using five distinct scales. The data on factors that might be associated with the quality of life were obtained from case records and the patients’ questionnaires. The association of every single factor was evaluated by using comparative analysis and the method of multiple linear regression. Results: Multiple linear regression shows that EuroQoL Five-dimensions – Five-Level scale score was associated with gender (B = −0.059 ± 0.021; p = 0.006) and daily dose (B = −0.051 ± 0.015; p = 0.001); Quality of Life Enjoyment and Satisfaction Questionnaire score was associated with the patient’s level of education (B = 2.873 ± 1.054; р = 0.007); the number of prescribed antipsychotics was associated with the Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale score (B = 3.150 ± 1.111; р = 0.007); the physical domain of the World Health Organization Quality of Life-BREF was associated with the year of disease onset (B = −0.142 ± 0.055; р = 0.011) and the daily dose (B = −2.335 ± 0.787; р = 0.004); the psychological domain of the World Health Organization Quality of Life-BREF was associated with gender (B = −2.686 ± 1.216; р = 0.029); the social relationship domain of the World Health Organization Quality of Life-BREF was associated with the level of education (B = 3.109 ± 1.289; р = 0.017) and the number of prescribed antipsychotics (B = −3.297 ± 1.516; р = 0.031); the environment domain of the World Health Organization Quality of Life-BREF was associated with the number of prescribed antipsychotics (B = −1.420 ± 0.653; р = 0,031). Conclusion: The quality of life of patients with schizophrenia was higher in males with a university degree, when the duration of the disease was shorter, negative symptoms were less pronounced, and with fewer side effects. Efforts to improve the quality of life in patients with schizophrenia accommodated in social welfare institutions should be made that could contribute to the prevention of adverse outcomes.
PL
Cel pracy: Badania nad jakością życia nabrały ostatnio szczególnej wagi – coraz częściej kategoria ta jest stosowana do opisu chorób oraz oceny skuteczności leczenia. Celem badania była określenie istotnych czynników związanych z jakością życia pacjentów chorych na schizofrenię przebywających w placówkach psychiatrycznych stałego pobytu. Materiał i metoda: Badanie o charakterze przekrojowym zostało przeprowadzone wśród pacjentów Centrum Pobytu dla Osób Dorosłych „Male Pcelice” w miejscowości Kragujevac w Serbii. Jakość życia chorych na schizofrenię zmierzono za pomocą pięciu skal. Dane dotyczące czynników, które mogły mieć wpływ na jakość życia badanych, zostały pozyskane z dokumentacji medycznej pacjentów oraz z wypełnianych przez nich ankiet. W ocenie zależności pomiędzy jakością życia pacjentów a poszczególnymi czynnikami wykorzystano analizę porównawczą oraz metodę regresji wielorakiej. Wyniki: Metodą regresji wielorakiej wykazano, iż wynik skali EuroQoL Five-dimensions – Five-Level korelował z płcią pacjentów (B = −0,059 ± 0,021; p = 0,006) oraz dzienną dawką przyjmowanych leków (B = −0,051 ± 0,015; p = 0,001), wynik Quality of Life Enjoyment and Satisfaction Questionnaire – z poziomem wykształcenia (B = 2,873 ± 1,054; р = 0,007), liczba przyjmowanych leków przeciwpsychotycznych – z wynikiem skali Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale (B = 3,150 ± 1,111; р = 0,007), domena fizyczna skali World Health Organization Quality of Life-BREF – z czasem trwania choroby (rokiem wystąpienia choroby) (B = −0,142 ± 0,055; р = 0,011) oraz dzienną dawką przyjmowanych leków (B = −2,335 ± 0,787; р = 0,004), domena psychologiczna skali World Health Organization Quality of Life-BREF – z płcią (B = −2,686 ± 1,216; р = 0,029), domena społeczna skali World Health Organization Quality of Life-BREF – z poziomem wykształcenia (B = 3,109 ± 1,289; р = 0,017) oraz liczbą przyjmowanych leków przeciwpsychotycznych (B = −3,297 ± 1,516; р = 0,031), zaś domena środowiskowa skali World Health Organization Quality of Life-BREF – z liczbą przyjmowanych leków przeciwpsychotycznych (B = −1,420 ± 0,653; р = 0,031). Wnioski: Jakość życia chorych na schizofrenię objętych badaniem była wyższa u pacjentów płci męskiej z wyższym wykształceniem, o krótszym przebiegu choroby, z mniej dotkliwymi objawami oraz mniejszą liczbą skutków ubocznych. Poprawa jakości życia osób chorujących na schizofrenię przebywających w placówkach psychiatrycznych stałego pobytu pozwoli zapobiec niepomyślnym wynikom leczenia psychiatrycznego.
Discipline
Publisher

Year
Volume
18
Issue
1
Pages
5–11
Physical description
Contributors
  • Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, Faculty of Medical Sciences, University of Kragujevac, Kragujevac, Serbia Institution where the study was conducted: Institution for the Accommodation of Adults “Male Pcelice,” Kragujevac, Serbia, аleksandra-ph@hotmail.com
  • Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, Faculty of Medical Sciences, University of Kragujevac, Kragujevac, Serbia Institution where the study was conducted: Institution for the Accommodation of Adults “Male Pcelice,” Kragujevac, Serbia
References
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bwmeta1.element.psjd-491ed50e-cbfe-42f5-9a13-43a50839197a
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