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2017 | 72 | 236-241
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Autism and legitimacy of a gluten-free diet

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Gluten is a widely used ingredient which causes viscosity and elasticity of the dough. The toxic effects of gluten found in humans are mainly based on immune reactions. Celiac disease is the most common gluten-dependent disease based on these reactions. One of the commonly used methods of diagnosis of celiac disease is a gluten provocation. Autism is becoming more and more recognized readily form of disability diagnosed in children. It is suggested that this impairment affects 1 in 68 children and is one of the five most common disability in the world. Autism spectrum disorders increasingly focuses scientific interest and raises discussions. Until now, autism often has been considered as a disease and autistic people are wrongly judged as geeks locked in their own world. On the Internet and the social media can be found films showing examples of people behavior affected by this disorder. There are various forums where parents and caregivers of people with autism exchange experiences about diet and treatments described as the "miracle cure". Immediately after the diagnosis of autism parents often decide to introduce their children a variety of diets, including gluten-free diet. They often live in the strong stress and alone in their efforts, and also they are almost deprived of specialist medical care. So the diet is often a selection of desperate parent or guardian, not a treatment supported by medical facts.
Physical description
  • Department of Animal and Human Physiology, University of Gdansk, Gdansk, Poland
  • Students’ Scientific Society Homunculus, University of Gdansk, Gdansk, Poland
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