Tradition and the Scientific Enterprise
Languages of publication
In relating humanities to science, some scholars have argues that tradition plays a prominent role in the humanities but not in the sciences. This, for them, explains why there is development in science more than humanities because tradition in treated a d dead weight that hinders reason and freedom this paper challenges this view point as grossly inadequate as it represents only a superficial observation of the practice of science and does not recognise the role tradition plays in the progress of science. This paper attempts to show that science which is supposedly a dynamic and progressive enterprise is tradition-dependent and that membership in the scientific community requires working within the scientific tradition. It is argued that the attack of science on all kinds of tradition and authority is unjustifiable. The paper concludes by proposing the need for the critique of tradition so that it does not slip into traditionalism. The methodology this paper adopt is the conceptual analytic method.
-  Acton, H. B. Tradition and Other Forms of Order. Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 53 (1953) 1-28
-  Bevir, Mark On Tradition. Humanita, 8(2) (2000) 28-53
-  Burke, Edmund Reflection on the Revolution in France. The Works of the Right Honourable Edmund Burke, Vol. III. (1790)
-  Copi, Irving M., Cohen, Carl and McMahon, Kenneth, Introduction to Logic, 14th Edition. London: Pearson Education Limited, (2014)
-  Giddens, Anthony, Beyond Left and Right: The Future of Radical Politics. Cambridge: Polity, (1994).
-  Gross, David. The Past in Ruins: Tradition and the Critique of Modernity. Amherst: The University of Massachusetts Press, (1992)
-  Gyekye, Kwame. Tradition and Modernity: Philosophical Reflections on the African Experience, New York: Oxford University Press, (1997)
-  Handler, Richard and Linnekin, Jocelyn, Tradition, Genuine or Spurious. The Journal of American Folklore 97(385) (1984) 273-290
-  Isenhour, Thomas L The Evolution of Modern Science, (2013). ISBN: 978-87-403-0480-0
-  MacIntyre, Alasdair, After Virtue, 2nd ed. Notre Dame: University of Notre Dame Press, (1984).
-  MacIntyre, Alasdair, Whose Justice? Which Rationality? Notre Dame: University of Notre Dame Press, (1988)
-  McAnnula, Stuart, Understanding Tradition in British Politics and Beyond. POLIS Working Papers No 24 (2007), (Leeds).
-  Mitchell, Mark T., Michael Polanyi, Alasdair MacIntyre, and the Role of Tradition. Humanitas, 19(1&2) (2006) 97-125
-  Moosa, Ebrahim (2006). Traditions in the “Progress” of Civilisations: Theorising History, Practice and Tradition. Voices of Islam. Vincent J. Cornell. Ed. Vol. 1. London: Praeger Publishers.
-  Polanyi, MichaelKnowing and Being, ed. Marjorie Grene. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, (1969)
-  Popper, Karl, Conjectures and Refutations: the Growth of Scientific Knowledge. London: Routledge and Kegan Paul, (1991)
-  Shils, Edward. Tradition. Comparative Studies in Society and History, 13(2) (1971) 122-159. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0010417500006186
-  Shils, Edward, Tradition. London: Faber and Faber, (1981)
-  Shils, Edward, On the Tradition of Intellectuals: Authority an Antinomianism According to Michael Polanyi. Tradition and Discovery, 22(2), (1995-1996) 10-26.
-  Stults, Donald Le Roy, Grasping Truth and Reality: Lessloe Newbigin’s Theology of Missions to the Western World. United Kingdom: James Clarke & Co., (2009)
-  Staniland, Hilary. What is Philosophy? In K.A. Owolabi. Ed. Issues and Problems in Philosophy Ibadan: Grovacs Network, (2000) 3-10.
-  Williams, R., Marxism and Literature. Oxford: Oxford University Gracia, Jorge J. E. 2003. Old Wine in New Wine Skin: The Role of Tradition in Communication, Knowledge and Group Identity. New York: Marquette University Press, (1977)
-  Yu, Zhenhua. Tradition, Authority and Originality in a Post-critical Perspective. Tradition and Discovery: The Polanyi Society Periodical, 32(3) (2005-2006) 40-56
Publication order reference