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2010 | 37 | 2 | 227-242
Article title

Profilaktyka nagłego zgonu sercowego – rola wszczepialnego kardiowertera-defibrylatora

Content
Title variants
EN
Prevention of sudden cardiac death – the role of automatic implantable cardioverter-defibrillator
Languages of publication
PL
Abstracts
EN
Sudden cardiac death is a significant problem in cardiac patients. The modern invasive cardiology offers important tool in fight against ventricular rhythm disturbances, which are the most frequent cause of sudden cardiac death. Automatic cardioverter-defibrillator through electric therapy (antyarrhythmia stimulation or high energy shock) interrupts the episode of life-threating ventricular arrhythmia (ventricular tachycardia or ventricular fibrillation) and therefore it protect patient from sudden cardiac death. Implantation of ICD may be performed in patients, who had the episode of ventricular tachycardia or ventricular fibrillation in the past already (within the secondary prevention of sudden cardiac death) and also in patients, which didn’t have the episode of ventricular tachycardia or ventricular fibrillation in the past but they have higher risk of sudden cardiac death in the future (within primary prevention of sudden cardiac death).
PL
Nagły zgon sercowy (NZS) to zgon w ciągu pierwszej godziny od wystąpienia objawów. Najczęstszą przyczyną NZS są groźne komorowe zaburzenia rytmu serca. Chorzy z dysfunkcją skurczową lewej komory serca to pacjenci szczególnie zagrożeni wystąpieniem NZS. Najważniejszą metodą prewencji NZS jest terapia polegająca na wszczepieniu kardiowerteradefibrylatora (ang. implantable cardioverter-defibrillator – ICD). Działanie ICD polega na rozpoznaniu groźnej arytmii komorowej serca i przeprowadzeniu odpowiedniej terapii elektrycznej (stymulacja antyarytmiczna, bądź też wyładowania wysokoenergetyczne). Implantacja ICD może zostać wykonana u pacjentów, u których doszło w przeszłości do nagłego zatrzymania krążenia w mechanizmie częstoskurczu komorowego lub migotania komór (w ramach tzw. prewencji wtórnej) lub u pacjentów, którzy obarczeni są większym ryzykiem NZS w przyszłości (w ramach tzw. prewencji pierwotnej). Praca omawia zasady działania ICD oraz prezentuje aktualne wskazania do terapii ICD, zarówno w prewencji pierwotnej, jak i wtórnej.
Discipline
Year
Volume
37
Issue
2
Pages
227-242
Physical description
References
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Document Type
paper
Publication order reference
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.psjd-47bf0542-2068-4e6f-bf1a-6ef22739af95
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