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2007 | 7 | 4 | 232-241
Article title

Zastosowanie komórek macierzystych w leczeniu pacjentów z chorobą Parkinsona

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EN
Stem cells in Parkinson disease treatment
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Abstracts
EN
This review shows current progress in stem cell therapy of Parkinson disease. Article depicts strategies of stem cell therapy, discusses results of trials performed to treat Parkinson disease, describes experience of author in preparing cells for patients with Parkinson disease, and presents potential danger of stem cell therapy. Several strategies of stem cell therapies are presented. Strategies are divided in to: physiological, physiologicallybiotechnological and biotechnological. Physiological strategy includes: use of neural stem cells, and Ratajczak concept. Plasticity (transdifferentiation), is considered as approach physiologically-biotechnological. Biotechnological strategy includes: cloning and reprogramming. Article shows opinions of authorities working on Parkinson disease stem cells therapy, briefly discusses trials of Hauser et al., Hegel et al., Brundin et al., Freed et al., and Olanow et al. Clues coming from these trials, for future use of stem cells derivatives, in the treatment of Parkinson disease are presented. Hints coming from works on Parkinson disease animals models, are also included. Moreover author presents his own experience in preparing cells potentially useful in Parkinson disease treatment, which is use of fibroblasts and neural stem cells. Finally possible dangerous consequences of stem cells therapy, such as risk of cancers development, are shown. Stem cell therapy appears as progressing, but in author opinion there is no final conclusion to say if it will work very efficiently or not.
PL
W ostatnim czasie dokonał się istotny postęp w terapii komórkowej choroby Parkinsona. W niniejszym artykule przedstawiono strategie dotyczące terapii komórkowej, opisano wyniki prób klinicznych, przedstawiono także doświadczenia autora w przygotowaniu komórek dla osób z chorobą Parkinsona oraz uwypuklono niebezpieczeństwa, jakie mogą wynikać ze stosowania terapii komórkowej. Zaprezentowano takie strategie terapii komórkowej, jak: strategia fizjologiczna, strategia fizjologiczno-biotechnologiczna i strategia biotechnologiczna. W ramach strategii fizjologicznej ujęto zastosowanie neuralnych komórek macierzystych i koncepcję Ratajczaka. Plastyczność (transróżnicowanie) jest rozpatrywana jako podstawa strategii fizjologiczno-biotechnologicznej. Strategia biotechnologiczna to klonowanie i reprogramowanie. W artykule zaprezentowano także opinie autorytetów na temat skuteczności terapii komórkowej w leczeniu pacjentów z chorobą Parkinsona oraz krótko opisano próby kliniczne, którymi niezależnie od siebie kierowali: Hauser, Hegel, Brundin, Freed i Olanow. Przedstawiono również implikacje ich dokonań badawczych dla przyszłych prób wykorzystania komórek macierzystych w terapii osób z chorobą Parkinsona, jak również wyniki badań nad zwierzętami z eksperymentalnie wywołanym parkinsonizmem. Autor prezentuje ponadto wyniki własnych doświadczeń w przygotowywaniu komórek potencjalnie użytecznych w leczeniu pacjentów z chorobą Parkinsona oraz omawia istotne zagrożenia związane ze stosowaniem terapii komórkowej (takie jak choroba nowotworowa). Terapia komórkowa rozwija się, jednak w odczuciu autora niniejszego artykułu nie ma pewności, czy będzie ona naprawdę skuteczną.
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Year
Volume
7
Issue
4
Pages
232-241
Physical description
Contributors
author
  • Zakład Patologii Molekularnej i Neuropatologii, Uniwersytet Medyczny w Łodzi, tel.: 042 675 76 11
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Document Type
article
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YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.psjd-4732ed9e-1b0d-4bed-99de-4426af58fac7
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