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2017 | 78 | 220-225
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Creativity of physicians and development of medical techniques, following first blood transfusion devices in the nineteenth century. Historical essay

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Transfusiology is a discipline that originated thanks to the creativity of physicians and development of medical sciences. In the nineteenth century, despite the justified scientific assumptions for blood loss treatment with means of its filling, some transfusions have ended up with success and other ones led to deaths of patients without any explicit reason. In order to make a transfusion method complete and develop it to the contemporary level, blood groups and skills preventing coagulation had to be discovered. Transfusion apparatus created in the nineteenth century are the evident proof for scientific researches and creativity of physicians. First transfusion apparatus (Karl von Graefe, Ludwik Bierkowski, James Blundell) will be presented in this papers, and when evolved they led to the development of contemporary blood transfusion method.
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  • Faculty of Medical History and Medical Ethics, Pomeranian Medical University in Szczecin 1. Rybacka Str., 70-204 Szczecin, Poland
  • [1] L. Bierkowski 1827, Anatomisch –Chirurgische Abbildungen nebst Darstellung Und Beschreibung der chirurischen Operationen nach Methoden von v. Graefe, Kluge, und Rust, Mit einer Vorrede von dr Johann Nep.Rust, dated 1827.
  • [2] E. Nęcka, J. Sowa 2005, Człowiek, umysł, maszyna, rozmowy o twórczości i inteligencji, Znak, Cracow 2005.
  • [3] M. Jacson 2013, The Oxford Handbook of The history of Medicine, Oxford University Press, United Kindom 2013.
  • [4] R. Paliga 2014, Krwiolecznictwo i krwiodawstwo w medycynie polskiej XIX i polowy XX wieku (1831- 1951),Uniwersytet Zielonogórski, Zielona Góra 2014.
  • [5] K. Marcinkowski 1836, Ueber den Wert der Transfusion des Blutes als Arzneimittel von Dr. Marcinkowsky In Posen, Zeitschrift fur die gesammte Medizin mit besonderer Rucksicht auf Hospitalpraxis Und auslandische Literatur. I Bd. 1836, p. 289 -312.
  • [6] A. Wrzosek 1961, Karol Marcinkowski, Warsaw 1961.
  • [7] De Santi et Dziewoński 1882, De la tranasfusion du sang en chirurgie d’armée. Revue de Chirurgie. 1882, R II, no. 11, pp. 928-954.
  • [8] J. Schmidt, G. Leacock, Forgotten transfusion history: John Leacock of Barbados. British Medical Journal, Dec. 2002, vol. 325, pp. 21-28.
  • [9] L. von Belina-Swiontkowski 1867, Die Transfusion des Blutes in physiologischer und medizinischer Bieziehung, Heidelberg 1869.
  • [10] L. Bierkowski 1829, O transfuzyji czyli o przelaniu lub przetoczeniu krwi. Pamiętnik Lekarski Warszawski 1829, t. 2, pp. 139-175.
  • [11] L. Bierkowski 1829, Opisanie szczegółowe mego aparatu do transfuzji który do robienia doświadczeń na zwierzętach najbardziej używałem. Pamiętnik Lekarski Warszawski 1829, t. 2, pp. 286-292.
  • [12] J. Blundell 1818, Experiments on the transfusion of blood by syringe. Medico- Chirurgical Transactions 1818.
  • [13] W. H. Dzik 2007. The James Blundell Award Lecture 2006: transfusion and the treatment of haemorrhage; past, present, future. Transfuzion Medicine 2007, 17, pp. 367-374
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