Preferences help
enabled [disable] Abstract
Number of results
2016 | 21 | 192-202
Article title


Title variants
Languages of publication
The article presents the effectiveness of phosphate adsorption on the flakes of chitin and chitosan. Studies performed determined adsorption capacity of chitin and chitosan, best among the tested adsorption pH and the equilibrium time. Langmuir model was used to describe the results. The highest removal efficiency of phosphorus compounds using chitin was obtained at pH 3 and with chitosan at pH 4. The study of phosphate equilibrium concentration time obtained for both sorbents was carried out at three concentrations of 1, 5 and 10 mg/dm3. The highest sorption efficiency of the phosphate using chitin was achieved after 20 minutes of the process and at the chitosan after 40 minutes. In the case of chitosan after the equilibrium time the effect of partial P-PO4 release was observed, which could be related to the change in pH of the solution by the sorbent. Studies have shown that chitosan is a more effective absorbent for phosphorus compounds. The maximum adsorption capacity of chitosan with phosphate was 6.65 mg/g, and chitin - 2.09 mg/g.
Physical description
  • Department of Environmental Engineering, University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn Warszawska 117 street, 10 – 719 Olsztyn, Poland
  • Department of Environmental Engineering, University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn Warszawska 117 street, 10 – 719 Olsztyn, Poland
  • Department of Environmental Engineering, University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn Warszawska 117 street, 10 – 719 Olsztyn, Poland
  • Department of Biotechnology in Environmental Protection, University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn Słoneczna 45 G Street, 10–709Olsztyn, Poland
  • [1] Yan LG, Xu YY, Yu HQ, Xin XD, Wei Q, Du B; (2010) Adsorption of phosphate from aqueous solution by hydroxy-aluminum, hydroxy-iron and hydroxy-iron–aluminum pillared bentonites. Journal of hazardous materials 179(1): 244-250. DOI:10.1016/j.jhazmat.2010.02.086
  • [2] Wang CY, Zhai JP, Nie R, Huang L; (2005) Experimental study on phosphorus removal by activated sludge process in treating wastewater of low phosphorus concentration. Environmental Protection Science 31: 4–6
  • [3] Saad R, Belkacemi K, Hamoudi S; (2007) Adsorption of phosphate and nitrate anions on ammonium-functionalized MCM-48: Effects of experimental conditions. J Colloid Interface Sci 311, 375-381. DOI:10.1016/j.jcis.2007.03.025
  • [4] de Sousa AF, Braga TP, Gomes ECC, Valentini A, Longhinotti E. (2012) Adsorption of phosphate using mesoporous spheres containing iron and aluminum oxide. Chemical Engineering Journal 210, 143-149. DOI:10.1016/j.cej.2012.08.080
  • [5] Je J, Kim S; (2006) Antimicrobial action of novel chitin derivative. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta 1760, 104 – 109. DOI:10.1016/j.bbagen.2005.09.012
  • [6] Ifuku S, Ikuta A, Egusa M, Kaminaka H, Izawa H, Morimoto M, Saimoto H; (2013) Preparation of high-strength transparent chitosan film reinforced with surface-deacetylated chitin nanofibers. Carbohydrate polymers 98(1), 1198-1202. DOI:10.1016/j.carbpol.2013.07.033
  • [7] Piccin JS, Vieira MLG, Goncalves JO, Dotto GL, Pinto LAA; (2009) Adsorption of FD&C Red No. 40 by chitosan: Isotherms analysis. J Food Eng 95, 16-20. DOI:10.1016/j.jfoodeng.2009.03.017
  • [8] Ahmad A, Rafatullah M, Sulaiman O, Ibrahim MH, Hashim R; (2009) Scavenging behaviour of meranti sawdust in the removal of methylene blue from aqueous solution. Journal of hazardous materials 170(1), 357-365. DOI:10.1016/j.jhazmat.2009.04.087
  • [9] Rajeswari A, Amalraj A, Pius A; (2015) Removal of phosphate using chitosan-polymer composites. JECE 3, 2331-2341. DOI:10.1016/j.jece.2015.08.022
  • [10] Xue Y, Hou H, Zhu S; (2009) Characteristics and mechanisms of phosphate adsorption onto basic oxygen furnace slag. Journal of Hazardous Materials 162(2), 973-980. DOI:10.1016/j.jhazmat.2008.05.131
  • [11] Chang SH, Lin HTV, Wu GJ, Tsai G J; (2015) pH Effects on solubility, zeta potential, and correlation between antibacterial activity and molecular weight of chitosan. Carbohydrate polymers 134, 74-81. DOI:10.1016/j.carbpol.2015.07.072
  • [12] Moharami S, Jalali M; (2013) Removal of phosphorus from aqueous solution by Iranian natural adsorbents. Chemical Engineering Journal 223, 328–339. DOI:10.1016/j.cej.2013.02.114
  • [13] Pitakpoolsil W, Hunsom M; (2013) Adsorption of pollutants from biodiesel wastewater using chitosan flakes. Journal of the Taiwan Institute of Chemical Engineers 44(6), 963-971. DOI:10.1016/j.jtice.2013.02.009
  • [14] Nawi MA, Sabar S, Jawad AH, Ngah WW; (2010) Adsorption of Reactive Red 4 by immobilized chitosan on glass plates: Towards the design of immobilized TiO 2–chitosan synergistic photocatalyst-adsorption bilayer system. Biochemical Engineering Journal 49(3), 317-325. DOI:10.1016/j.bej.2010.01.006
  • [15] Crini G, Badot PM; (2008) Application of chitosan, a natural aminopolysaccharide, for dye removal from aqueous solutions by adsorption processes using batch studies: A review of recent literature. Progress in polymer science 33(4), 399-447. DOI:10.1016/j.progpolymsci.2007.11.001
  • [16] Nguyen TA., Ngo HH, Guo WS, Zhou JL, Wang J, Liang H, Li G; (2014) Phosphorus elimination from aqueous solution using ‘zirconium loaded okara’as a biosorbent. Bioresource technology 170, 30-37. DOI:10.1016/j.biortech.2014.07.069
  • [17] Filipkowska ., Jóźwiak T, Szymczyk P; (2014) Application of cross-linked chitosan for phosphate removal from aqueous solutions. Progress in the Chemistry and Application of Chitin and its Derivatives 19, 5-14. DOI: 10.15259/PCACD.19.01
  • [18] Dada AO, Olalekan AP, Olatunya AM, Dada O; (2012) Langmuir, Freundlich, Temkin and Dubinin–Radushkevich isotherms studies of equilibrium sorption of Zn2+ unto phosphoric acid modified rice husk. Journal of Applied Chemistry 3(1), 38-45. ISSN: 2278-5736
  • [19] Dutta PK, DuttaJ, Tripathi V S; (2004) Chitin and chitosan: Chemistry, properties and applications. Journal of Scientific and Industrial Research 63(1), 20-31
  • [20] Eberhardt TL, Min SH, Han JS; (2006) Phosphate removal by refined aspen wood fiber treated with carboxymethyl cellulose and ferrous chloride. Bioresource technology 97(18), 2371-2376. DOI:10.1016/j.biortech.2005.10.040
  • [21] Hale SE, Alling V, Martinsen V, Mulder J, Breedveld GD, Cornelissen G; (2013) The sorption and desorption of phosphate-P, ammonium-N and nitrate-N in cacao shell and corn cob biochars. Chemosphere 91, 1612–1619. DOI:10.1016/j.chemosphere.2012.12.057
  • [22] Xiong JB, Mahmood Q; (2010) Adsorptive removal of phosphate from aqueous media by peat. Desalination 259(1), 59-64. DOI:10.1016/j.desal.2010.04.035
Document Type
Publication order reference
YADDA identifier
JavaScript is turned off in your web browser. Turn it on to take full advantage of this site, then refresh the page.