Preferences help
enabled [disable] Abstract
Number of results
2013 | XVIII | 1 | 81-92
Article title

Emocje w miejscu pracy w zawodach podwyższonego ryzyka psychospołecznego

Title variants
Emotions in the workplace among the professions with increased psychosocial risks
Languages of publication
Psychosocial threats at work are one of the big challenges for the management of occupational health (WHO, 2008). The aim of this study was to assess the emotional balance and positivity ratio in the work of uniformed officers and identify differences between these formations. The study involved 218 policemen, firemen and probation personnel. Work-related Affective Well-being Scale was used (Van Katwyk, et al., 2000). Eustress and distress in the work context were relatively independent. Emotions of the opposite sign and low activity were moderately correlated. The officers usually experienced positive work-related emotional balance, with a predominance positive emotions of low activity. The positive ratio was low and reached 1,13. Positive affect was usually present in the work of firemen, while negative affect were often present in the work of policemen. It is probably due to different organization of working time and the emotional dissonance in the professional interpersonal relationships context.
Physical description
  • Wydział Zarządzania i Ekonomii, Politechnika Gdańska; Faculty of Management and Economics, Gdańsk University of Technology
  • Bakker, A.B., Heuven, E. (2006). Emotional dissonance, burnout, and in-role performance among nurses and police officers. International Journal of Stress Management, 13, s. 423-440.
  • Basińska, B. (2008). The effect of job-related stress on psychological well-being. W: H. Karakuła (red.), Societal And Environmental Health And Wellness Risks (s. 37-44). Lublin: NeuroCentrum.
  • Basińska, B., Kęska, K. (2008). The impact of shift work and occupational stress on sleep disorders (poster presentation). 29th Stress and Anxiety Research Conference (STAR). Birkbeck University of London, 16-18 July 2008.
  • Basiński, A., Basińska, B. (2004). Sytuacje traumatyczne w pracy funkcjonariuszy Służby Więziennej. W: O. Truszczyński, L. Konopka, K. Sikora, A. Rakowski, L. Kosiorek (red.), Służba żołnierzy i funkcjonariuszy służb państwowych wykonujących zadania w warunkach ekstremalnych (tom 8, s. 135-41). Warszawa: Departament Wychowania i Promocji Obronności MON, PTN KTSKF w Wojsku.
  • Brough, P. (2004). Comparing the influence of traumatic and organizational stressors on the psychological health of police, fire and ambulance officers. International Journal of Stress Management, 11, 3, s. 227-244.
  • Clark, L.A., Watson, D. (l991). Tripartite model of anxiety and depression: Psychometric evidence and taxonomic implications. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 100, s. 316-336.
  • Cotton, P., Hart, P.M. (2003). Occupational wellbeing and performance: a review of organizational health research. Australian Psychologist, 38, 2, s. 118-127.
  • Dudek, B. (2003). Zaburzenie po stresie traumatycznym. Cena strachu. Gdańsk: GWP.
  • Dudek, B., Waszkowska, M., Merecz, D., Hanke, W. (2005). Ochrona zdrowia pracowników przed skutkami stresu zawodowego. Łódź: Instytut Medycyny Pracy.
  • Feldman Barrett, L., Russell, J.A. (1999). The Structure of Current Affect: Controversies and Emerging Consensus. Current Directions in Psychosocial Science, 8, 1, s. 10-14.
  • Ferguson, G., Takane, Y. (2001). Analiza statystyczna w psychologii i pedagogice. Warszawa: PWN.
  • Folkman, S. (2008). The case for positive emotions in the stress process. Anxiety, Stress, & Coping, 21, 1, s. 3-14.
  • Folkman, S., Moskowitz, J.T. (2000). Positive affect and the other side of coping. American Psychologist, 55, 6, s. 647-654.
  • Fredrickson, B.L. (2009/2011). Pozytywność. Naukowe podejście do emocji, które pomaga zmienić jakość życia. Poznań: Zysk i S-ka.
  • Fredrickson, B.L., Losada, M.F. (2005). Positive affect and the complex dynamics of human flourishing. American Psychologist, 60, 7, s. 678-686.
  • Howell, D.C. (1997). Statistical methods for psychology (4th ed). Belmont, CA: Duxbury.
  • Kaplan, S., Bradley, J.C., Luchman, J.N., Haynes, D. (2009). On the role of positive and negative affectivity in job performance: a meta-analytic investigation. Journal of Applied Psychology, 94, 1, s. 162-176.
  • Losada, M., Heaphy, E. (2004). The role of positivity and connectivity in the performance of business teams. A nonlinear dynamics model. American Behavioral Scientist, 47, 6, s. 740-765.
  • Machin, M.A., Hoare, P.N. (2008). The role of workload and driver coping styles in predicting bus drivers’ need for recovery, positive and negative affect, and physical symptoms. Anxiety, Stress, & Coping, 21, 4, s. 359-375.
  • Måkikangas, A., Feldt, T., Kinnunen, U. (2007). Warr’s scale of job-related affective well-being: a longitudinal examination of its structure and relationships with work characteristics. Work & Stress, 21, 3, s. 197-219.
  • McCreary, D.R., Thomson, M.M. (2004). The development of a reliable and valid measure of stressor in policing. A summary of findings form WSIB Development Grant #02-051. Canada – Toronto: Defence R&D, p524535.pdf (z dnia 30.10.2008).
  • McGowan, J., Gardner, D., Fletcher, R. (2006). Positive and negative affective outcomes of occupational stress. New Zealand journal of Psychology, 35, 2, s. 92-98.
  • Ogińska-Bulik, N. (2009). Czy doświadczanie stresu może służyć zdrowiu? Polskie Forum Psychologiczne, 14, 1, s. 33-45.
  • Ogińska-Bulik, N. (2005). The role of personal and social resources in preventing diverse health outcomes in employees of uniformed professions. International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health, 18, 3, s. 233-240.
  • Ogińska-Bulik, N. (2003). Stres zawodowy policjantów. Źródła – konsekwencje – zapobieganie. Łódź: WSHE.
  • Russell, J.A., Carroll, J.M. (1999). On the bipolarity of positive and negative affect. Psychological Bulletin, 125, 1, s. 3-30.
  • Schaufeli, W.B., Peeters, M.C.W. (2000). Job stress and burnout among correctional officers: a literature review. International Journal of Stress Management, 7, 1, s. 19-48.
  • Selye, H. (1978). Stres okiełznany. Warszawa: Państwowy Instytut Wydawniczy
  • Spector, P.E. (19 April 2006). Overview of the Job-related Affective Well-being Scale (JAWS). University of South Florida, jawsover.html (z dnia 30.10.2011).
  • Tellegen, A., Watson, D., Clark, L.A. (1999). On the dimensional and hierarchical structure of affect. Psychological Science, 1, 10, 4, s. 297-303.
  • Uncu, Y., Bayram, N., Bilgel, N. (2006). Job related affective well-being among primary health care physicians. European Journal of Public Health, 17, 5, s. 514-519.
  • Van Gelderen, B.R., Konijn, E.A., Bakker, A.B. (2011). Emotional labor among trainee police officers: the interpersonal role of positive emotions. Journal of Positive Psychology, 6, 2, s. 163-172.
  • Van Katwyk, P.T., Fox, S., Spector, P.E., Kelloway, E.K. (2000). Using the Job-related Affective Well-being Scale (JAWS) to investigate affective responses to work stressors. Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, 5, s. 219-230.
  • Van Yperen, N.W. (2003). On the link between different combinations of negative affectivity (NA) and positive affectivity (PA) and job performance. Personality and Individual Differences, 35, s. 1873-1881.
  • World Health Organization (2008). Zarządzanie ryzykiem psychospołecznym – ramowe podejście europejskie. Wskazania dla pracodawców i reprezentantów pracowników (seria: Protecting workers’ health, 9). Warszawa: CIOP-BIP.
Document Type
Publication order reference
YADDA identifier
JavaScript is turned off in your web browser. Turn it on to take full advantage of this site, then refresh the page.