Weed flora of tea plantations of Ri-Bhoi District of Meghalaya, India with a glimpse on its ethnobiological value
Languages of publication
Recent survey on the weed flora of tea ecosystem of Ri-Bhoi district of Meghalaya has recorded 66 weed species belonging to 51 genera under 31 families. This was the first attempt to explore the weed flora of tea plantations of Meghalaya. Two species namely Bidens pilosa L. and Clerodendrum paniculatum L. are reported for the first time from the tea plantation of North East India. Regarding family-wise contribution Poaceae contributing highest number (14) of species followed by Asteraceae (10), Cyperaceae (5), Lamiaceae (4), Amaranthaceae (2), Caesalpiniaceae (2), Malvaceae (2), Polygonaceae (2), Solanaceae (2) & Schizaeaceae (2). Other families are having single representative. 23 weed species have been identified as ethno-biologically important. Local Khasi tribal peoples use these weeds as folk medicine against various diseases and other purposes.
-  Anonymous (2012-13). Area, production and yield of principal crops in Meghalaya. Directorate of Economics & Statistics, Govt. of Meghalaya, 4: 144pp.
-  Rymbai D, Singh R, Feroze S M, Debbarma B (2012). Factors Associated with Labour Supply for Tea Plantation and Productivity: A Case Study of Tea Growers in Meghalaya. Indian Journal of Hill Farming 25(2): 6-9.
-  Department of Agriculture, Govt. of Meghalaya (2016). Horticulture crop: Plantation Crop: Tea. Online at http://www.megagriculture.gov.in/. (Accessed on 01.9.2016)
-  Rajkhowa D J, Barua I C, Bhuyan R P & Yaduraju N T (2005). Weed Management in Tea (technical bulletin), NRC for Weed Science, Jabalpur: 1-19.
-  Deka J & Barua I C (2015). Problem weeds and their management in the North-East Himalayas. Indian Journal of Weed Science 47(3): 296-305
-  Basu S (1972). The need of chemical weed control. Two and a Bud. 19(2): 65-67.
-  Dutta A C (1983). Some common weeds of the tea estates in North-East India. Memorandum No. 29, Tea Research Association., Tocklai Experimental Station, Jorhat, Assam. p. 315.
-  Mustafee T P (1988). Problem weeds and their control in tea. Pesticides, July 1988: 46-49.
-  Mustafee T P (1998). Integrated approach towards efficient Weed management in Tea Camellia sinensis (L.) O. Kuntze. The Assam Review & Tea News. Feb, 1998: 6-12.
-  Anonymous (1992-93, 94-95, 96-97, 98-99, 99-2000, 2000-2002). Annual Scientific Report, Tea Research Association, Tocklai Experimental Station, Jorhat, Assam.: pp. 53-56, 60-61, 50-51, 51-52, 45, 47-48, 41.
-  Ghosh C & Das A P (2009). On the occurrence of some endemic and rare ferns growing as Tea Garden weeds in Darjiling, India. Indian Fern J. 26: 65-70.
-  Gogoi S N & Sarma S K (2009). Weed flora of Tea, Camellia Sinensis (L.) O. Ktze. plantation of Dibrugarh and Tinsukia districts of Assam. Indian Forester 1099-1116.
-  Ghosh C & Das A P (2011). Some useful and poisonous tea garden weeds from the Darjiling District of West Bengal, India. Pleione 5(1): 91-114.
-  Joseph J & Kharkongor P (1981). A preliminary survey of the Khasi and Jaintia Hills Meghalaya. In S. K Jain (Ed) Glimpses of Indian Ethnobotany, Oxford and IBH, New Delhi: 124-136.
-  Rao R R (1981). Ethnobotany of Meghalaya-Medicinal Plants used by Khasi and Garo tribes. Econ. Bot. 35: 4-9.
-  Neogi B, Prasad M N V & Rao R R (1989). Ethnobotany of some weeds of Khasi and Garo Hills, Meghalaya, North-east India. Econ. Bot. 43(4): 471-479.
-  Ahmed A A & Borthakur S K (2005). Ethnobotanical wisdom of Khasis (Hynniewtreps) of Meghalaya. Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh. Dehradun, India, 305 pp.
-  Laloo R C, Kharlukhi L, Jeeva S, Mishra B P (2006). Status of medicinal plants in the disturbed and the undisturbed sacred forests of Meghalaya, northeast India: population structure and regeneration efficacy of some important species. Current Science 90(2): 225-232.
-  Chhetri R B (2010). Ethnobotany of Moraceae in Meghalaya, North-East India. Kathmandu University Journal of Science, Engineering and Technology 6(1): 5-10.
-  Hynniewta S R (2010). Ethnobotanical studies in Khasi hills, Meghalaya. Ph D thesis, North Eastern Hill University, Shillong: 372 pp.
-  Laloo D & Hemalatha S (2011). Ethnomedicinal plants used for diarrhea by tribals of Meghalaya, Northeast India. Pharmacogn. Rev. 5(10): 147-154.
-  Sheikh N, Kumar Y, Misra A K, Pfoze L (2013). Phytochemical screening to validate the ethnobotanical importance of root tubers of Dioscorea species of Meghalaya, North East India. Journal of Medicinal Plants Studies 1(6): 62-69
-  Mir A H, Upadhaya K & Choudhury H (2014). Diversity of Ende.mic and Threatened Ethnomedicinal Plant Species in Meghalaya, North-East India. Int. Res. J. Environment Sci. 3(12): 64-78.
-  Jain S K & Rao R R (1977). A Handbook of Field and Herbarium Methods. Today & Tomorrow’s Printers & Publishers, New Delhi: 157 pp.
-  Naidu V S G R (2012). Hand Book on Weed Identification Directorate of Weed Science Research, Jabalpur, India: 354 pp.
-  The Plant List (2013). Version 1.1. Published on the Internet; http://www.theplantlist.org/ (Accessed on 18th August 2016).
-  Barthakur B K (2011). Recent approach of Tocklai to plant protection in tea in North East India. Science & Culture 77(9-10): 381-384.
-  Radhakrishnan B & Prabhakaran P (2014). Biocidal activity of certain indigenous plant extracts against red spider mite, Oligonychus coffeae (Nietner) infesting tea. J Biopest 7(1): 29-34.
-  Roy S, Handique G, Muraleedharan N, Dashora K, Mukhopadhyay S R, Mukhopadhyay A & Babu A (2016). Use of plant extracts for tea pest management in India. Appl Microbiol Biotechnol 100: 4831-4844
-  Phukan I K, Debnath S & Barthakur B K (2011). Biofertilizer and biopesticide in tea culture. Tea Field Management, Tea Research Association: 142-151.
-  Anonymous (2012). Enriched Vermicompost - the new planting pit mixture for tea. Soil Department, Tea Research Association, Tocklai Experimental Station, Jorhat, Assam: 1-8.
Publication order reference