Preferences help
enabled [disable] Abstract
Number of results
2016 | 56 | 189-216
Article title

Influence of Mineral Fertilizer on the Growth of Maize (Zea mays L.) and Soil Fertility Improvement for Food Security, Environmental Development and Sustainable Agriculture

Title variants
Languages of publication
Influence of mineral fertilizer on the growth of maize (Zea mays L.) and soil fertility improvement for food security, environmental development and sustainable agriculture were studied. Five treatments viz: 0, 5, 10, 15, and 20 kg of NPK (15:15:15) mineral fertilizer per hectare (kg ha-1) were used in a Randomized Complete Block Design (RCBD) with three replicates. These treatments were applied once to five week-old seedlings of Zea mays (L.) using ring method. The effects of these treatments on plant height (PH) and number of leaves (NOL) were monitored weekly. Soil samples were taken and analyzed in the laboratory, before and after cropping. The study showed that NPK (15:15:15) mineral fertilizer increased plant height, number of leaves and nutrient (N, P,K, Ca, Na, Mg, Organic matter, Cation Exchange Capacity and pH) content of the soil. The highest (p = 0.05) plant height and number of leaves were obtained from NPK treatment at 20 kg ha-1 which stands significantly (p < 0.05) different over the control. At p < 0.05, there were significant difference among treatments. The use of NPK mineral fertilizer at an application rate between 15 and 20 kg NPK (15:15:15) ha-1 seems effective, responsive and productive for maximum growth of maize (Zea mays L.), for soil fertility improvement, food security, environmental development and for sustainable agricultural production.
Physical description
  • Department of Agronomy (Crop and Soil Science), Faculty of Agriculture and Forestry, Cross River University of Technology, Nigeria
  • [1] R. E. White (1987). Introduction to the Principles and Practice of soil Science. ELBS edition.
  • [2] FED/NSPFS, Federal Fertilizer Department/National Programme for Food Security (2011). Manual on soil fertility assessment. FED/NSPFS Publications.
  • [3] J. L. Brewbaker (2003). Corn Production in the Tropics, the Hawii Experience. College of Tropical Agriculture and Human resources. University of Hawii Manoa. University of Hawii Press Ltd. 141-152.
  • [4] D. Kumar and A. Narayam (2013). Nutritional, Medical and Economic importance of corn: A mini review. Research Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences 2(7), 7-8.
  • [5] A. A. Abdulrahaman (1997). Medical importance of plants In: The Frontiers.1st ed. Edited by K. A. Omotoshe. Elepo Press, Ilorin 22-25.
  • [6] IITA, International Institute of Tropical Agriculture publication (2001), Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria. Annual report on maize production.
  • [7] S. A. Watson (1988). Corn marketing, processing and utilization in G. F Sprage and J. W. Dudley, Eds. Corn and Corn improvement. Agronomy Monograph No, 18; pp. 881-934. American Society of Agronomy; Madison, Wisconsin.
  • [8] J. W. Purseglove (1992). Tropical crops: Monocotyledons. Longman Scientific and Technical, New York. 300-305.
  • [9] IITA, International Institute of Tropical Agricultural (2014). Maize (Zea mays L.) production. Accessed April 2015.
  • [10] CBN, Central Bank of Nigeria (1992). Annual report and Statement of Account. Central Bank of Nigeria, Lagos.
  • [11] E. H. Hartmans (1985). Strategies for solving crop production problems of sub-Saharan Africa. International Institute of Tropical Agriculture, Ibadan, Nigeria. 7-8.
  • [12] J. E. Iken and N. A. Amusa (2004). Maize Research and Production in Nigeria. African Journal of Biotechnology 3(6): 302-207.
  • [13] J. M. Fajemisin (1978). “Optimum combination of Food crop Enterprises in Nigeria”. Journal of Rural Economics and Development. 12 (1): 44-54.
  • [14] M. Kassam (1977). Raising and Sustaining Productivity of small-holder Farming System in the Tropics Singapore: Agbe Publishing.
  • [15] O. Ojuola (2015). Status and Challenges of soil Management in Nigeria. Accessed May 2014.
  • [16] NCP, Nigeria Country Profile (1997). Implementation of Agenda 21: Review of progress made since the United Nations Conference on Environmental and Development, Federal Government of Nigeria Press, 1992.
  • [17] A. A. Agboola and J. A. Omueti (1982). Soil fertility problem and its management in tropical Africa. International Conference on land clearing and development Proceedings No. 161:21-177, Ibadan, Nigeria.
  • [18] Punch Editorial Board (2012). Available on Accessed May 2014.
  • [19] A. K. Etuonovbe (2009). The Devastating Effects of Environmental Degradation-A case study of the Niger Delta region of Nigeria. TS ID-Environment and use planning Publication.
  • [20] J. A. Adediran and V.A. Banjoko (1995). Respones of maize to Nitrogen, Phosphorus and Potassium fertilizer in the Savanna zone of Nigeria. Communigue of Soil Science and Plant Analysis 26: 593-606.
  • [21] J. A. Adepetu and R. B. Corey (1976). Organic Phosphorus as a predictor of plant available phosphorus in soil of southern Nigeria. Soil Science 122 (3) 159-164.
  • [22] R. O. Onasanya, O. P. Aiyelari, A. Onasanya, F. E. Nwilene, O. O Oyelakin (2009). Effect of Different levels of Nitrogen and Phosphorus fertilizer on the growth and yield of maize (Zea mays L.) in Southwest Nigeria. International Journal of Agricultural Research 4(6), 193-203.
  • [23] K. Okonwu and S. I. Mensah (2012). Effects of NPK (15:15:15) fertilizer on some growth indices of Pumpkin. Asian Journal of Agricultural Research 6(3): 137-143. DOI: 10.3923/ajar.2012.137.143.
  • [24] N. G. Abd El-Aziz (2007). Stimulating effect of NPK fertilizer and benzyladenine on growth and chemical constituent of codiaeum variegatum (L.) plant. American-Eurasian Journal of Agriculture and Environmental Science, 2: 711-719.
  • [25] CRADP, Cross River Agricultural Development Project (1992). Review of Cross River Ecological map, Ministry of Agriculture, Cross River State Government Press.
  • [26] G. W. Gee and J. W. Bauder (1986). Particle size analysis. In: Arnold Klute (eds). Method of soil Analysis, part 1- Physical and Mineralogical methods, Soil Science Society of America book series 5, Madison, Wisconsin, USA, 383-412.
  • [27] G. W. Thomas (1996). Soil pH and Soil Acidity. In Methods of soil Analysis: Chemical methods. Part 3. D. L. Sparks, editor. Soil Science Society of America Book series 5, Madison Wisconsin. USA.
  • [28] D. M, Nelson and L. E. Sommers (1996). Total Carbon, Organic Carbon and Organic Matter. In: D. L. S. Park (eds.). Method. Soil Science Society of America Book series 5, Madison, Wisconsin, USA. 961-1010.
  • [29] J. M Bremmer (1996). Total Nitrogen. In: D. L. Spark (eds.). Methods of Soil Analysis part 3- Chemical Methods, Soil Science Society of America Book series 5, Madison, Wisconsin, USA. 1085-11.
  • [30] E. J. Udo, T. O. Ibia, J. A. Ogunwale, A. O Ano and I. E. Esu (2009). Manual of Soil, Plant and Analysis. Sibon Books Limited, Lagos Nigeria.
  • [31] S. Kuo (1996). Phosphorus. In: D. L. Sparks (editor), Methods of Soil Analysis, Part 3. Chemical Method. Soil Science Society of America Book series 5. ASA, Madison, Wisconsin, USA. 869-919. DOI:10.2136/sssabookser 5.3.c32.
  • [32] M. E. Summer and W. P. Miller (1996). Cation Exchange Capacity and Exchange Coefficient pp. 1201-1229. In: D.L. Sparks (Ed.). Method of Soil Science Analysis, Part 3, Chemical Methods: Method. American Science Society of Agronomy, Soil Science Society of America, Madison, Wisconsin, USA.
  • [33] M. S. Adiaha and A. O. Agba (2016). Influence of Different Methods of Fertilizer Application on the growth of Maize (Zea mays L.). for increase Production in South Nigeria. World Scientific News 54: 73-86.
  • [34] S. O. Ojeniyi (2010). Advances in Integrated nutrient management for Crop Production in Nigeria. Agronomy Monograph, p. 18.
  • [35] FAO, Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations (2006). Guidelines for Soil description. Fourth edition. 97.
  • [36] V. O. Chude (1998). Understanding Nigerian Soil and the Fertility management for Sustainable Agriculture. Inaugural lecture delivered at ABU Zaria on Thursday Nov. 26, 1998. Inaugural lecture Series 13. Soil Science Society of Nigeria.
  • [37] M. S. Adiaha (2016). Influence of Different Soil types and Mineral Fertilizer on Maize (Zea mays L.) growth for effective Production, Soil fertility improvement and Food Security. World Scientific News 55: 137-167.
  • [38] S. O. Omotoso and O. S. Shittu (2007). Effect of NPK fertilizer rates and Methods of Application on Growth and Yield of Okra (Abelmoschus esculentus (L.) Moench) at Ado-Ekiti Southwestern Nigeria. International Journal of Agricultural Research 2: 614-619.
  • [39] J. O. Kogbe and J. A. Adediran (2003). Influence of Nitrogen, Phosphorus and Potassium application on the yield of Maize in the Savanna zone of Nigeria. African Journal of Biotechnology 2(10) 345-349.
  • [40] A. O. Adaikwu, M. E. Obi and A. Ali (2012). Assessment of Degraded status of soil in selected areas of Benue State Southern Guinea Savannah of Nigeria. Nigerian Journal of Soil Science 22(1): 171-180.
  • [41] U. Onwudike, B. S. Ugochukwu, B. N. Ndukwu, I. U. Opara, O. C. Anyamele (2016). Soil Carbon and Nitrogen Stock as affected by Agricultural wastes in a Typic Haplusult of Owerri, Southeastern Nigeria. Turkish Journal of Agriculture-Food Science and Technology 4(7): 592-599.
  • [42] L. W. John, D. B. Jamer, L. T. Samuel and L. W. Warner (2004). Soil Fertility and Fertilizers: An Introduction to Nutrient Management. Pearson Education, India 106-153.
Document Type
Publication order reference
YADDA identifier
JavaScript is turned off in your web browser. Turn it on to take full advantage of this site, then refresh the page.