Comparative Study of White Jute and Jute Felt Composites of Tetra Functional Epoxy Resin and Araldites
Languages of publication
White jute and jute felt fiber reinforced composites of tetra functional epoxy resin of bisphenol-C-formaldehyde (EBCF), araldites (GY508 and GY6010) and their hybrid composites were fabricated by hand layup followed by compression molding technique. White jute based composites showed somewhat better mechanical and electrical properties than those of jute felt based composites mainly due to different nature of reinforcing fibers, matrix materials and interfacial adhesion. Good mechanical and electrical properties, excellent hydrolytic stability, comparable equilibrium water absorption and equilibrium time of the composites signified their industrial importance for low load bearing, electrical, electronic and marine applications. EBCF based composites showed comparable mechanical, electrical and water absorption properties as those of araldites based composites signifying industrial utility of EBCF.
-  Biswas, S.; Srikanth, G.; Nangia S.: Development of Natural Fiber Composites in India, http://www.tifac.org.in/
-  Patel, V. A.; Bhuva, B. D.; Parsania, P. H. “Performance evaluation of treated untreated jute carbon and glass carbon hybrid composites of bisphenol-C based mixed epoxy phenolic resins” J Reinf Plast Compo (2009), 28, 2549-2556.
-  Mishra, H. K; Dash, B.N.; Tripathy, S.S.; Padhi, B.N. “A study on mechanical performance of jute-epoxy composites”. Polym Plas Techno and Eng (2000), 39, 187-198.
-  Massdi, Reza; Pillai, Krishna M. “A study on moisture absorption and swelling in bio-based jute-epoxy composites”. J Reinf Plas Compos (2012), 31, 285-294.
-  Ghosh, P.; Bose, N.R.; Mitra, B.C.; Das, S. “Dynamic mechanical analysis of FRP composites based on different fiber reinforcements and epoxy resin as the matrix material.” J Appl Polym Sci (1997), 64, 2467-2472.
-  Gon, Debiprasad; Das, Kousik; Paul, Palash; Maity, Subhankar. “Jute composites as wood substitute” Int J Text Sci (2012), 1, 84-93.
-  Jawaida, M.; Abdul Khalil, H.P.S.; Abu Bakar, A., ”Mechanical performance of oil palm empty fruit bunches/jute fibres reinforced epoxy hybrid composites.” Mater Sci Eng (2010) A527, 7944-7949.
-  Tripathy, S.S.; Landro, Di L.; Fontanelli, A.; Levita, Marchetti G., ”Mechanical properties of jute fibers and interface strength with an epoxy resin.” J Appl Polym Sci (2000), 75, 1585-1596.
-  Satpathy, Alok; Jha Alok Kumar; Mantry, Sisir; Patnaik, Amar S.; Singh. K. “Processing and characterization of jute-epoxy composites reinforced with SiC derived from rice husk.” J Reinf Plas Compos, (2010), 18, 2869-2878.
-  Il’ina, A.; Varlamov, V. “Chitosan-based polyelectrolyte complexes: A review.”Appl Biochem and Microbiol (2005), 41, 5-11
-  Cordeiro, N.; Belgacem, M.; Torres, I.; Moura, “Chemical composition and pulping of banana pseudo-stems.” J. Indust Crops Prod (2004), 19, 147-154.
-  Elanthikkal, S.; Gopalakrishna Panicker, U.; Varghese, S.; Guthrie, J. T. “Varghese S., Guthrie J. T. Cellulose microfibres produced from banana plant wastes: isolation and characterization.” Carbohydrate Polymers. (2010); 80: 852-859.
-  Fowler, P.; Tverezovskiy, V.; Elias, R.; Chappell, C.; Fitchett, C.; Laughton, N.; Seefeld, J. Vegetable oil: Starting material for a new bio-resin system. In: COST Action E49 Conference “Management and Control of VOC Emission from Wood-based Panels” (2008).
-  Barreto, A. C. H.; Rosa, D. S.; Fechine, P. B. A.; Mazzetto, S. E. “Properties of sisal fibers treated by alkali solution and their application into cardanol-based biocomposites.” Composites Part A (2011), 42, 492-500.
-  Paul, V.; Kanny, K.; Redhi, G. G. “Formulation of a novel bio-resin from banana sap.” Indust Crops and Prod (2013), 43, 496-505.
-  Herrera-Estrada, L.; Pillay, S.; Viadya, U., Banana Fiber Composites for Automotive and Transportation Applications, Available from www.speautomotive.com (2009).
-  O’donnell, A.; Dweib, M.; Wool, R. “Natural fiber composites with plant oil-based resin. Composites Science and Technology.” Compos Sci and Technol (2004), 64, 1135-1145.
-  Joshi, S. V.; Drzal, L.T.; Mohanty, A. K.; Arora, S. “Are natural fiber composites environmentally superior to glass fiber reinforced composites?” Composites Part A, (2004), 35, 371-376.
-  Bledzki, A. K.; Sperber, V. E.; Faruk, O. “Natural and wood fibre reinforcement in polymers:” iSmithers Rapra Publishing, (2002).
-  Zimmermann, T. “Cellulose Fibrils in Wood Cell Walls and their Potential for Technical Applications”. Ph. D. Thesis. Zürich (2007).
-  Mussig, J.: “Industrial Applications of Natural Fibres: Structure, Properties and Technical Applications”; C. V. Stevens; Wiley: United Kingdom, Vol. 1, Chapter 2, (2010), 89.
-  Taha, I.; Yasmine F. A “Modeling of strength and stiffness of short randomly oriented glass fiber-polypropylene composites”, J. Polym Compos (2011), 45, 1805-1821
-  Kiani H, Ashori A and Mozaffari A. “Water resistance and thermal stability of hybrid lignocellulosic filler-PVC composites.” Polym Bull (2011) 66, 797-802.
-  Dhakal, H.N.; Zhang, Z.Y.; Richardson, M.O.W. “Effect of water absorption on the mechanical properties of hemp fibre reinforced unsaturated polyester composites.” Compos Sci Technol (2007), 67, 1674-1683.
-  Vogel, A. I.; Tatchell, A. R.; Funis, B. S.; Hannaford, A. J.; Smith, P. W. G. “Vogel’s Textbook of Practical Organic Chemistry, 5th Ed., Addison Wesley Longman Ltd., U. K. “(1998), 395.
-  Patel, Jignesh P.; Adroja, Pooja P.; Parsania, P. H. “Synthesis and physico-chemical study of multifunctional cardo epoxy resin and its jute fiber reinforced silica filled and unfilled composites.” J Polym Mater (2013), 30, 53-64.
-  Mohanty, A. K.; Misra, M.; Hinrichsen, G. “Biofibres, biodegradable polymers and biocomposites: an overview.” Macromol Mater Eng (2000), 276, 1-24.
-  Sheshmani, S.; Ashori, A.; Hamzeh, Y. “Physical properties of polyethylene–wood fiber–clay nanocomposites.”Appl Polym Sci (2010), 118, 3255-3259.
-  Shakeri, A.; Raghimi, M. “Studies on mechanical performance and water absorption of recycled newspaper/glass fiber reinforced polypropylene hybrid composites.” J Reinf Plas Compos (2010), 29, 994-1005.
-  Basak, R. K.; Mitra, B.C.; Sarkar, M. “Studies on jute‐reinforced composites, its limitations, and some solutions through chemical modifications of fibers.” J Appl Polym Sc (1998), 67, 1093-1100.
-  International Cast Polymer Alliance. Solid Surface Properties and Applications, ICPA, Arlington, (2003), 8.
-  Ashori, A.; Sheshmani S. . “Hybrid composites made from recycled materials: Moisture absorption and thickness swelling behaviour”. Bioresour Technol (2010), 101, 4717-4720.
-  Gassan, J.; Bledzki, A. K. “The influence of fiber-surface treatment on the mechanical properties of jute-polypropylene composites.” Composites Part A: Appl Sci and Manuf (1997), 28, 1001-1005.
-  Collings, T. A. “In Handbook of Polymer–Fiber Composites; Jones F. R., Ed. Longman Scientific and Technical: UK;” (1994).
-  Crank, J.; Park, G. S.: “Diffusion in Polymers, Academic Press: New York” (1968).
-  Tyberg, C.; Bergeron, K.; Sankarapandian, M.; Shih, P.; Loos, A.; Dillard, D.; McGrath, J.; Riffle, J.; Sorathia, U. “Structure–property relationships of void-free phenolic–epoxy matrix materials.”Polymer (2000), 41, 5053-5062.
-  Bao, L.; Yee, A. F. “Effect of temperature on moisture absorption in a bismaleimide resin and its carbon fiber composites.” Polymer (2002), 43, 3987-3997.
Publication order reference