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2017 | 15 | 1 | 78–85
Article title

Antiangiogenic therapy in ovarian cancer – for whom and when?

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PL
Terapia antyangiogenna w raku jajnika – dla kogo ikiedy?
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Abstracts
EN
Tumor angiogenesis appears to be an important process in epithelial ovarian cancer development. Bevacizumab is a monoclonal antibody that can neutralize vascular endothelial growth factor, a promoter of the initiation phase of angiogenesis. First-line chemotherapy in combination with bevacizumab followed by maintenance bevacizumab demonstrated efficacy over chemotherapy alone in two phase III trials (Gynecologic Oncology Group, GOG 218 and ICON7); however, absolute progression-free survival benefit remains modest, with no demonstrated impact on overall survival. The addition of molecularly targeted agents to the treatment of women with recurrent and platinum-sensitive disease has been recently reported in the OCEANS study, which evaluated the benefit of adding bevacizumab to carboplatin and gemcitabine in women with platinum-sensitive recurrent disease. Bevacizumab-based therapy also extended progressionfree survival from 8 to 12 months. However, overall survival was not different between the two arms. In the Gynecologic Oncology Group 213 (GOG 213) trial, women with platinum-sensitive recurrent epithelial ovarian cancer were randomly assigned to medical treatment (carboplatin plus paclitaxel with or without bevacizumab). A significant improvement in progression-free survival (14 versus 10 months, respectively) was observed. A trend towards a significant improvement in overall survival, which was not statistically significant, was reported. In November 14, 2014, based on AURELIA findings, the Food and Drug Administration approved bevacizumab in combination with paclitaxel, pegylated liposomal doxorubicin, or topotecan, for the treatment of patients with platinum-resistant recurrent epithelial ovarian cancer. Ovarian cancer is a primary cancer against which these new agents are being tested. This review will describe the role of angiogenesis inhibitors in epithelial ovarian cancer.
PL
Angiogeneza nowotworowa wydaje się istotnym procesem w rozwoju raka jajnika. Bewacyzumab jest przeciwciałem monoklonalnym zdolnym do neutralizacji naczyniowo-śródbłonkowego czynnika wzrostu, promotora początkowej fazy angiogenezy. W dwóch badaniach klinicznych III fazy (Gynecologic Oncology Group – GOG 218 oraz ICON7) wykazano skuteczność chemioterapii pierwszego rzutu w skojarzeniu z bewacyzumabem i następowym leczeniem podtrzymującym bewacyzumabem w porównaniu z samą chemioterapią, jednak bezwzględne korzyści czasu wolnego bez progresji pozostają niewielkie, bez wpływu na przeżycie całkowite. W  badaniu OCEANS oceniono korzyści wynikające z  włączenia bewacyzumabu do terapii karboplatyną i gemcytabiną u kobiet z nawrotowym rakiem jajnika wrażliwym na platynę. Leczenie oparte na bewacyzumabie wydłużyło czas przeżycia bez progresji choroby z 8 do 12 miesięcy. Nie stwierdzono różnicy w odniesieniu do przeżycia całkowitego między dwiema grupami pacjentek. W badaniu klinicznym GOG 213 (Gynecologic Oncology Group 213) kobietom z nawrotowym rakiem jajnika wrażliwym na platynę losowo przypisywano rodzaj leczenia (karboplatynę plus paklitaksel z lub bez bewacyzumabu). Zaobserwowano istotną poprawę w zakresie przeżycia bez progresji choroby (odpowiednio 14 i 10 miesięcy). Odnotowano tendencję do poprawy w zakresie przeżycia ogólnego, jednak bez istotności statystycznej. W oparciu o wyniki badania AURELIA 14 listopada 2014 roku Agencja Żywności i Leków zatwierdziła bewacizumab w skojarzeniu z paklitakselem, pegylowaną liposomalną doksorubicyną lub topotekanem w leczeniu chorych z wrażliwym na platynę nawrotowym rakiem jajnika. Rak jajnika jest pierwszym nowotworem, wobec którego badane są te leki. W niniejszej pracy opisano rolę inhibitorów angiogenezy w nabłonkowym raku jajnika.
Discipline
Publisher

Year
Volume
15
Issue
1
Pages
78–85
Physical description
Contributors
  • Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Medical Oncology, Gazi University, Faculty of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey
author
  • Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Medical Oncology, Recep Tayyip Erdogan University, Faculty of Medicine, Turkey, caretta06@hotmail.com
author
  • Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Medical Oncology, Gazi University, Faculty of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey
References
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Document Type
article
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YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.psjd-3e8b09ca-626a-43e3-8fb5-2aafbfa10646
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