A comparative analysis of Yellow Head Virus (YHD) diagnostic methods adopted in Sri Lanka to investigate the accuracy and specificity of the virus
Languages of publication
Yellow head virus is a common viral pathogen which infects cultured Penaeus monodon world-wide, resulting in immature larvae and the growth retardation. Therefore, several detection methods are recommended by the Office des Epizootics (OIE) for use in Asia including Sri Lanka. This study was attempted to evaluate the RT-PCR diagnostic method is the appropriate and accurate YHV detection method which is recommended by the OIE comparing with histological identification and haemolymph Smear method. A total of 150 individuals of Penaeus monodon, post larve samples obtained from different shrimp hatcheries located in Northwestern province were screened for the presence of YHV and the results were comparatively analyzed with three different protocols, namely wet mount observation, histopathological observation and RT- PCR detection. Highest prevalence was recorded with wet mount observations (78%) and the lowest was recorded using histopathology (22%). Comparison of PCR tests generated consisted of positive samples 31/51 (2010), 38/65(2011) and 18/34 (2012) respectively. The results obtained with the IQ2000 commercial kit, were the most reliable and it indicated 56.6% average prevalence of YHV.
- Inland Aquatic Resources and Aquaculture Division (IARAD), National Aquatic Resources Research and Development Agency, Crow Island, Colombo15, Sri Lanka, email@example.com
- Inland Aquatic Resources and Aquaculture Division (IARAD), National Aquatic Resources Research and Development Agency, Crow Island, Colombo15, Sri Lanka
-  Boonyaratpalin, Direkbusarakom, S. S., Kasornchandra, U. Ekpanithanpong, C. Chantanachookin K. Supamattaya. Baculovirus, causative agent of yellow-head disease in penaeid shrimp Penaeus monodon. Proceedings of the Seminar on Fisheries (1992), 200-205.
-  World Organization for Animal Health (OIE) 2009/Yellow Head Diseases/Manual of Diagnostic Tests for Aquatic Animals, Paris, France.
-  IQ2000™ YHV/GAV Detection and Typing System developed by CSIRO, Australia, BIOTEC, GeneReach.
-  Boonyaratpalin, S., K. Supamattaya, J. Kasornchandra, S. Direkbusarakom, U. Ekpanithanpong and C. Chantanachookin..Non-occluded baculo-like virus, the causative agent of yellow-head disease in the black tiger shrimp (Penaeus monodon) Fish Pathology (1993), 28, 103-109.
-  Flegel, T. W. Fegan, D. F., Kongsom, S. Vuthikomudomkit, S. Sriurairatana, S. Boonyaratpalin, C. Chantanachookhin, MacDonald O. D., Occurrence, diagnosis and treatment of shrimp diseases in Thailand. Diseases of Cultured Penaeid Shrimp in Asia (1992), 57-112.
-  Flegel, TW, Sriurairatana,S. Black tiger prawn diseases in Thailand. Technical Bulletin of the American Soybean Association.American Soybean Association, Singapore (1993), 1-31.
-  Kasornchandra, J. Supamattaya, K. Booynaratpalin, S.. Electron microscopic observations on the replication of yellow-head baculovirus in then lymphoid organ of Penaeus monodon, (1993), 2-3.
-  Nash, G. Arkarajamon, A .Withyachumnarnakul, B. Routine and rapid diagnosis of Yellow-head disease in Penaeus monodon. Asian Shrimp News 12(4) (1992) 2-3.
-  Nash, G. Arkarajamon, A. Withyachumnarnakul, B. Rapid diagnosis of yellowhead disease in black tiger shrimp. Aquatic Animal Health Research Institute (1992), 3-4.
-  Spann, K. M. Vickers, J. E. Lester, R. J. G.. Lymphoid organ virus of Penaeus monodon from Australia. Diseases of Aquatic Organisms 23 (1995) 127-134.
-  Infante C., Gaetano C., Ponce M. and Manchado M. (2005). Novel Method for the Authentication of Frigate Tunas (Auxisthazard and Auxisrochei) in Commercial Canned Products. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 52(25), 7435-43.
-  Raghavendra S. Kulkarni. Sex differences in the blood biochemical parameters of the fresh water fish, Notopterus notopterus (Pallas, 1789). World News of Natural Sciences 6 (2017) 44-51.
-  Sangita Devi Sharma, Kaushilya Sahu and Pankaj Kumar Jain. Cyanobacterial species Biodiversity in Mahasamund district of Chhattisgarh region, India. World News of Natural Sciences 7 (2017) 1-15.
Publication order reference