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2011 | XVI | 1 | 7-28
Article title

Prężność u dzieci i młodzieży: charakterystyka i pomiar – polska skala SPP -18

Title variants
Resiliency in children and adolescents: characteristics and measurement – Polish scale SPP -18
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The article presents characteristics and measurement of a resiliency construct and psychometric properties of Polish scale to measure resiliency in children and adolescents – SPP -18. The scale consists of 18 items, rating on a 5-point rating scale (from 0 – totally disagree to 4 – totally agree). In a sample comprised of 332 adolescents, aged 12-19 years (42,2% men and 57,8% women) 5-factor structure of the scale was revealed, which explained 63,8% of total variance. The internal consistency of the scale is satisfying, with Cronbach’s alpha for the scale = 0,82 (from 0,76 to 0,87 for particular factors). The 4-week test-retest stability was high (r = 0,78). Results of SPP -18 correlate positively with extraversion, and negatively with neuroticism and agreeableness. They also link with coping strategies: positively with active coping and planning and negatively with behavioral disengagement, self-blame, denial and turning to religion.
Physical description
  • Instytut Psychologii UŁ Wyższa Szkoła Humanistyczno-Ekonomiczna Łódż
  • Instytut Psychologii UKW Bydgoszcz Wyższa Szkoła Edukacji Zdrowotnej Łódź
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