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2014 | 41 | 1 | 17-32
Article title

Analysis of polymorphisms / mutations of PTEN, CDKN2A, TP53 genes and of hMSH6 gene in endometrial hyperplasia and carcinoma

Title variants
Analiza polimorfizmów/mutacji genów PTEN, CDKN2A, TP53 oraz genu hMSH6 w rozrostach oraz rakach endometrium
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Endometrial cancer belongs to the most frequent malignancies in the female genital organs with a growing incidence trend. The molecular changes, which are specific for particular stages of neoplastic transformation or the histopathological type of neoplasm, have not yet been described in any more uniform way. The goal of the undertaken studies was the evaluation of the polymorphisms / mutations of PTEN, CDKN2A, TP53 suppressor genes and of hMSH6 gene of incorrectly paired base-pairs in a group of female patients with endometrial hyperplasia and endometrial cancer. The studies involved forty-four (44) female patients: five (5) cases, despite the fact that clinical inclusion criteria had been met, no hyperplastic features were confirmed in a histopathological analysis. Twenty-six (26) patients with histopathologically confirmed endometrial hyperplasia and thirteen (13) patients with diagnosed carcinoma of uterine body mucosa were added into the study. The sequencing method was used for the identification of mutations / polymorphisms in MSH6, CDKN2A, PTEN and TP53 genes. Two changes were identified in TP53 gene: R175H G>A (CGC>CAC) polymorphism in exon 5 and R213R (CGA>CGG) synonimic change in exon 6 in 15% of the examined patients (2/13 cases of endometrial cancer). Regarding DNA sequence of exon 3 in MSH6 gene, the following polymorphism was found in 29% of the patients: D180D (GAT>GAC). None of the patients demonstrated any changes, either in DNA sequence of CDKN2A gene or in exons 2, 5, 7 and 8 of the PTEN gene.
Rak endometrium należy do najczęstszych nowotworów złośliwych żeńskich narządów płciowych. Rejestruje się stały wzrost liczby zachorowań. Dotychczas nie zostały jednoznacznie opisane zmiany molekularne, specyficzne dla poszczególnych etapów transformacji nowotworowej lub typu histopatologicznego nowotworu. Celem podjętych badań była analiza polimorfizmów/ mutacji genów supresorowych PTEN, CDKN2A, TP53 oraz genu naprawy błędnie sparowanych zasad hMSH6 w grupie pacjentek z rozrostem endometrium oraz rakiem endometrium. Badaniami objęto 44 pacjentki: w 5 przypadkach, pomimo spełnienia klinicznych kryteriów włączenia, histopatologicznie nie potwierdzono cech rozrostu, do dalszych badań włączono 26 pacjentek z histopatologicznie potwierdzonym rozrostem endometrium oraz 13 pacjentek ze zdiagnozowanym rakiem błony śluzowej trzonu macicy. Do identyfikacji mutacji/polimorfizmów w genach MSH6, CDKN2A, PTEN i TP53 wykorzystano metodę sekwencjonowania. W genie TP53 wykryliśmy dwie zmiany: polimorfizm R175H G>A (CGC>CAC) w egzonie 5 oraz zmianę synonimiczną R213R (CGA>CGG) w egzonie 6 u 15% badanych (2/13 przypadków raka endometrium). W sekwencji DNA egzonu 3 genu MSH6 u 29% pacjentek został wykryty polimorfizm: D180D (GAT>GAC). U żadnej z pacjentek nie została wykryta zmiana w sekwencji DNA genu CDKN2A oraz w egzonach 2; 5; 7 i 8 genu PTEN.
Physical description
  • Chair of Clinical and Laboratory Genetics, Department of Clinical Genetics, Medical University of Lodz
  • Chair of Clinical and Laboratory Genetics, Department of Clinical Genetics, Medical University of Lodz
  • Chair of Clinical and Laboratory Genetics, Department of Clinical Genetics, Medical University of Lodz
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