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2016 | 70 | 95–102
Article title

Wpływ czynników demograficznych i schorzeń ogólnoustrojowych na występowanie nagłej głuchoty

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Title variants
EN
Idiopathic sudden sensorineural hearing loss: demographic data and risk factors
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PL
Abstracts
EN
OBJECTIVES: Sudden sensorineural hearing loss SSNHL is an acute malfunction of the inner ear Usually, no etiology can be identified after clinical evaluation. Sudden deafness is defined as hearing loss greater than 30 dB in at least three subsequent frequencies of sudden onset or within a maximum of 72 hours. Prompt recognition and management of sudden deafness may improve hearing recovery and patient quality of life. MATERIALS: 60 patients diagnosed with sudden sensorineural hearing loss 34 (56.7%) females and 26 (43.3%) males, mean age 43.4 ± 11.7 years and 160 controls without a hearing problem, 79 (49.4%) females and 81 (50.6%) males, mean age 45.0 ± 15.8 years were included in a retrospective study. There was an analysis of the circumstances of the incidence of sudden hearing loss, demographic data and the influence of other illnesses was collected. RESULTS: The demographic data were analyszed. The circumstances such as season, time of day, impact of medical condition and perfomed blood tests were evaluated. CONCLUSIONS: A higher level of education was associated with a quicker admission time. Metabolic diseases were significantly correlated with sudden hearing loss. There was inflammation in the vessels of the cochlea.
PL
WSTĘP: Nagła idiopatyczna głuchota jest objawem nieprawidłowego działania ucha wewnętrznego. Opisuje się ją jako odbiorcze upośledzenie słuchu powyżej 30 dB, powstające w ciągu 72 godzin, obejmujące przynajmniej 3 sąsiednie częstotliwości. Retrospektywnie analizowano okoliczności wystąpienia nagłej głuchoty, oceniano czynniki demograficzne oraz analizowano wpływ chorób towarzyszących na występowanie incydentów nagłej głuchoty. MATERIAŁ: Grupa badana liczyła 60 pacjentów, w tym 34 (56,7%) kobiety i 26 (43,3%) mężczyzn (średnia wieku 43,4 ± 11,7 lat). Grupę kontrolną stanowiło 160 pacjentów oddziału laryngologicznego i przychodni laryngologicznej, zgłaszających się z różnymi chorobami laryngologicznymi z wyłączeniem schorzeń narządu słuchu. Grupa kontrolna liczyła 79 (49,4%) kobiet i 81 (50,6%) mężczyzn (średnia wieku 45,0 ± 15,8 lat). WYNIKI: Analizowano dane demograficzne, wpływ pory roku, dnia na wystąpienie nagłej głuchoty. Analizowano wpływ chorób ogólnoustrojowych oraz oceniano parametry krwi. WNIOSKI: Wyniki badań pozwoliły na stwierdzenie, iż szybciej zgłaszają się po pomoc medyczną pacjenci z wyższym poziomem wykształcenia niż pacjenci z niższym poziomem edukacji. Bez wpływu pozostają BMI, płeć oraz wiek. Analizy ujawniły, iż istotny wpływ na częstość występowania nagłej głuchoty mają choroby metaboliczne. Ujawniono stan zapalny naczyń ślimaka.
Discipline
Year
Volume
70
Pages
95–102
Physical description
References
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article
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bwmeta1.element.psjd-3bfbd8fa-6626-4443-9def-f9ad5be2a7be
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