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2020 | 10 | 4 | 139-144
Article title

Monoclonal gammopathy of renal significance – diagnostic and therapeutic problems

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PL
Gammapatia monoklonalna o znaczeniu nerkowym – trudności diagnostyczne i terapeutyczne
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Abstracts
EN
The term monoclonal gammopathy of renal significance MGRS means a group of renal diseases resulting from the presence of the monoclonal protein produced by plasmatic cells or other clones of B cells. The patients with MGRS do not fulfill the diagnostics criteria both of multiple myeloma and other neoplasm originating from B cells. The involvement of different renal structures in the course of MGRS results the dysfunction of kidneys. The monoclonal protein may injure the glomerular structures (including vascular) as well as tubular structures (interstitial in more wide sense). The early diagnosis of MGRS is difficult and the late detection of the disease is connected with high risk of irreversible renal damage. Therefore, the multidisciplinary cooperation – including general practitioners, nephrologists, hematologists and nephro-pathologists – is particularly important for the diagnostics and treatment of MGRS cases. This new hemato-nephrological meta-disease entity is connected with relatively high morbidity and mortality as well as relapses in transplanted kidney. The decision of the treatment initiation against the toxic clone in MGRS cases results mainly from the nephrological reasons. The article presents current diagnostic and therapeutic possibilities that may be used in MGRS patients. The main purpose of this article was to present the current state of knowledge regarding the diagnostics and treatment of MGRS.
PL
Termin gammapatia monoklonalna o znaczeniu nerkowym (MGRS, monoclonal gammopathy of renal significance) dotyczy grupy chorób nerek będącej skutkiem obecności białka monoklonalnego wydzielanego przez komórki plazmatyczne bądź inne klony komórek B. Chorzy, u których rozpoznaje się MGRS, nie spełniają kryteriów diagnostycznych szpiczaka plazmocytowego, a także innych nowotworów wywodzących się z komórek B. Dysfunkcja nerek związana z MGRS wynika z zajęcia różnych ich struktur. Białko monoklonalne może uszkadzać zarówno struktury kłębuszka nerkowego (także naczynia), jak i cewek nerkowych (szerzej – śródmiąższ). Wczesne rozpoznanie MGRS sprawia trudności diagnostyczne, natomiast późne wykrycie jest obarczone dużym ryzykiem nieodwracalnego uszkodzenia nerek. Ta nowa metajednostka hematonefrologiczna wiąże się z relatywnie wysoką zachorowalnością i śmiertelnością, w tym z nawrotami w przeszczepionej nerce. Z tego względu istotne znaczenie w poprawie skuteczności diagnostyki i leczenia chorych z MGRS ma współpraca wielospecjalistyczna – szczególnie obejmująca lekarzy rodzinnych oraz nefrologów, hematologów i nefropatologów. W przypadku MGRS podjęcie decyzji o leczeniu przeciwko toksycznemu klonowi wynika głównie z przesłanek nefrologicznych. W artykule przedstawiono aktualne możliwości zarówno diagnostyczne, jak i terapeutyczne u chorych z MGRS. Praca ma na celu przedstawienie aktualnego stanu wiedzy dotyczącego możliwości w zakresie diagnostyki i leczenia MGRS.
Discipline
Publisher
Journal
Year
Volume
10
Issue
4
Pages
139-144
Physical description
Contributors
author
  • Warmian-Masurian Cancer Center of the Ministry of the Interior and Administration’s Hospital in Olsztyn, Poland
  • Department of Internal Diseases and Nephrodiabetology, Medical University of Lodz
author
  • Department of Clinical Hematology, Warmian-Masurian Cancer Center of the Ministry of the Interior and Administration’s Hospital, Poland
  • Military Institute of Aviation Medicine, Center of Aeromedical Examination and Occupational Medicine, Poland
References
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bwmeta1.element.psjd-37634550-cb66-4e67-aaa7-56e0a41e4bf0
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