The study of the effects of tax evasion and tax revenues on economic stabilities in OECD countries
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The issue of tax evasion has received a considerable attention from researchers and policy making institutions over the past decades. Various studies have been conducted on tax evasion and tax avoidance, and its effects on income inequality and economic growth. The main purpose of this paper is to examine the effect of tax evasion and government tax revenues on economic stability. For this reason, 29 OECD countries’ data from 1990-2013 is used and panel approach is applied to estimate the results. In the first step, using monetary approach, an index for tax evasion for OECD countries is estimated. In the second step, the effects of tax evasion and tax revenues on economic stability are studied. The results show that tax evasion and income tax rate has a U shape relationship. That is, as tax rate increase the probability of tax evasion would also increase. Also, it is found that tax evasion lead to economic instability and more tax revenues will be beneficial to a better economic condition.
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