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Spatial-Temporal Analysis of Rainfall West Java Indonesia Using Empirical Orthogonal Function based on Singular Value Decomposition

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Rainfall is one of the climate variables that have a significant influence, especially in supporting the activities of various sectors in tropical countries. Climate change is causing rainfall variability in Indonesia. However, the analysis of climate variable patterns is difficult because of the formation of a large matrix. Empirical Orthogonal Function (EOF) analysis can be used to reduce the dimensions of large data by maintaining as much variation as possible from the original data set. The method used in this study is through the Singular Value Decomposition (SVD) approach. The analysis shows that 98.50% of the total rainfall variance can be represented by four EOF modes. Analysis of the spatial pattern of EOF1 shows that rainfall is below average, while the other EOF modes show variations in rainfall.
  • Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Universitas Padjadjaran, Sumedang, Indonesia
  • Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Universitas Padjadjaran, Sumedang, Indonesia
  • Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Universitas Padjadjaran, Sumedang, Indonesia
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