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2018 | 18 | 75 | 290–295
Article title

Ocena częstości występowania płata piramidowego i agenezji cieśni tarczycy w populacji Nnewi z zastosowaniem ultrasonografii

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EN
Ultrasonographic study of the incidence of pyramidal lobe and agenesis of the thyroid isthmus in Nnewi population
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PL EN
Abstracts
EN
Introduction: Ultrasound is the most reliable imaging modality for thyroid evaluation due to the limitations in the clinical examination of this gland. Thyroid gland developmental anomalies are rare. Most of its variations are due to the persistence of the thyroglossal duct and the absence of the isthmus. The aim of this study was to determine the incidence of pyramidal lobe and agenesis of the thyroid isthmus in Nnewi population using ultrasound. Materials and method: A total of 321 subjects resident in Nnewi, including 167 males and 154 females, were randomized. A written consent was obtained from all patients. The subjects were aged between 18 and 35 years. This was a prospective cross-sectional study. Thyroid glands were scanned using a 2-dimensional ultrasound machine with a 7.5 MHz transducer; model Siemens Sonoline Prima which was made in Japan for Siemens Medical System Incorporated, ultrasound Group, Issaquah, WA, 98029-7002, USA. Results: The study revealed no incidence of pyramidal lobe and agenesis of the thyroid isthmus in the study population. Conclusion: This study has clearly demonstrated no incidence of pyramidal lobe and agenesis of the thyroid isthmus in subjects resident in Nnewi, Nigeria.
PL
Wstęp: Ultrasonografia stanowi najbardziej wiarygodną technikę obrazowania tarczycy z uwagi na ograniczenia badania klinicznego tego gruczołu. Zaburzenia rozwojowe tarczycy są rzadko spotykane. Większość z nich wynika z obecności przetrwałego przewodu tarczowo-językowego oraz braku cieśni. Celem badania było określenie częstości występowania płata piramidowego i agenezji cieśni tarczycy w populacji Nnewi (Nigeria) z wykorzystaniem ultrasonografii. Materiał i metody: Randomizacją objęto 321 mieszkańców Nnewi, w tym 167 kobiet i 154 mężczyzn. Od wszystkich pacjentów uzyskano pisemną zgodę na udział w badaniu. Wiek uczestników badania wynosił od 18 do 35 lat. Było to prospektywne badanie przekrojowe. Badanie gruczołu tarczowego przeprowadzono za pomocą aparatu do ultrasonografii dwuwymiarowej wyposażonego w sondę 7,5 MHz – model Siemens Sonoline Prima wyprodukowany w Japonii dla Siemens Medical System Incorporated, Ultrasound Group, Issaquah, WA, 98029-7002, USA. Wyniki: Badanie nie ujawniło występowania płata piramidowego ani agenezji cieśni tarczycy w badanej populacji. Wniosek: Badanie wyraźnie wykazało brak występowania płata piramidowego i agenezji cieśni tarczycy u badanych mieszkańców Nnewi (Nigeria).
Keywords
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Year
Volume
18
Issue
75
Pages
290–295
Physical description
Contributors
  • Department of Anatomy, College of Health Sciences, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Nnewi, Anambra State, Nigeria
  • Department of Anatomy, College of Health Sciences, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Nnewi, Anambra State, Nigeria
author
  • Department of Microbiology, Odumegwu Ojoukwu University, Uli, Anambra State, Nigeria
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bwmeta1.element.psjd-2c47fc54-cf22-4f19-93c3-f789697df8ad
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