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2020 | 28 | 13-23
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Plant Growth Promoting Rhizobacteria for Plant Growth Promotion and Biocontrol Agent against Tomato and Pepper Disease: A review

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Tomato and pepper are some of the most important and widely grown vegetable crops in the world. Like many other vegetables and fruits, tomato and pepper are threatened by biotic and abiotic stresses. Conventional agricultural practices frequently rely on synthetic fertilizers and pesticides that have adverse effects on humans, animals and environments. In this situation, the use of Plant Growth Promoting Rhizobacteria (PGPR) can better crop yield, as these are vital components of soil fertility and plant growth promotion, moreover, they can display antagonistic effects against phytopathogens. Under such circumstances, knowledge about the local bacterial populations, their identification, and their implications for improving management practices (vis-a-vis plant growth promotion and destruction of plant diseases) is very important. Recent advances in microbial and molecular techniques have significantly contributed to introducing many different bacterial genera into soils, onto seeds, roots, tubers or other planting materials to control disease and improve productivity. Plant growth promoting rhizobacteria have been generally applied to high value crops like tomato and pepper. Thus, this review is intended to summaries the literature on plant growth promoting rhizobacteria for growth promotion potential and biocontrol agent against tomato and pepper disease.
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  • Department of Biology, Bahir Dar University, Bahir Dar, Ethiopia
  • Department of Biology, Assosa University, Assosa, Ethiopia
  • [1] Abdeljalil, N.O.; Vallance, J.; Gerbore, J.; Bruez, E, Martins, G.; Rey, P. and Daami-Remadi. M (2016b). Characterization of Tomato-associated Rhizobacteria Recovered from Various Tomato-growing Sites in Tunisia. Journal of Plant Pathology and Microbiology 7(5): 1-12.
  • [2] Abdeljalil, N.O.; Vallance, J.; Gerbore, J.; Bruez.; E.; Martins, G.; Rey, P. and Remadi, M.D. (2016a). Biocontrol of Rhizoctonia Root Rot in Tomato and Enhancement of Plant Growth using Rhizobacteria Naturally associated to Tomato. Journal of Plant Pathology and Microbiology 7 (6): 1-8
  • [3] Abdeljalil1, N.O.B.; Renault, D.; Gerbore, J.; Vallance, J.; Rey, P. and Daami-Remadi. M. (2016c). Evaluation of the Effectiveness of Tomato-Associated Rhizobacteria Applied Singly or as Three-Strain Consortium for Biosuppression of Sclerotinia Stem Rot in Tomato. Journal of Microbial and Biochemical Technology 8(4): 312-320.
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  • [5] Agrawal, D.P. and Agrawal, S. (2013). Characterization of Bacillus sp. strains isolated from rhizosphere of tomato plants (Lycopersicon esculentum) for their use as potential plant growth promoting rhizobacteria. Int. J. Curr. Microbiol. App. Sci. 2(10): 406-417.
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  • [8] Boukerma, L.; Benchabane, M.; Charif, A. and Khélifi, L. (2017). Activity of Plant Growth Promoting Rhizobacteria (PGPRs) in the Biocontrol of Tomato Fusarium Wilt. Plant Protect. Sci. 53(2): 78–84.
  • [9] Bulgari, R., Franzoni, G. and Ferrante, A. (2019). Biostimulants application in horticultural crops under abiotic stress conditions. Agronomy 9(6): 1-30.
  • [10] Calvo, P.; Ormeno-Orrillo, E.; Romero, E.M. and Zuniga, D.D. (2010). Characterization of Bacillus isolates of potato rhizosphere from andean soils of Peru and their potential PGPR characteristics. Brazilian Journal of Microbiology 41(4): 899-906.
  • [11] Dash, N. P., Kaushik, M. S., Kumar, A., Abraham, G. and Singh, P. K. (2018). Toxicity of biocides to native cyanobacteria at different rice crop stages in wetland paddy field. Journal of applied phycology 30(1): 483-493.
  • [12] El-Argawy, E. and Adss, I.A. (2016). Quantitative gene expression of peroxidase, polyphenoloxidase and catalase as molecular markers for resistance against Ralstonia solanacearum. American Journal of Molecular Biology 6 (2): 88.
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  • [14] Gupta, S. and Kaushal, R. (2017). Plant Growth Promoting Rhizobacteria: Bioresouce for Enhanced Productivity of Solanaceous Vegetable Crops. Acta Scientific Agriculture 3: 10-15.
  • [15] Huang, Y.; Wu, Y.; He, Z.; Ye, B.C. and Li, C. (2017). Rhizospheric Bacillus subtilis Exhibits Biocontrol Effect against Rhizoctonia solani in Pepper (Capsicum annuum). BioMed Research International Volume 2017, Article ID 9397619, 9 pages.
  • [16] Kannojia, P., Choudhary, K. K., Srivastava, A. K. and Singh, A. K. (2019). Chapter Four - PGPR Bioelicitors: Induced Systemic Resistance (ISR) and Proteomic Perspective on Biocontrol. PGPR Amelioration in Sustainable Agriculture. A. K. Singh, A. Kumar and P. K. Singh, Woodhead Publishing: 67-84.
  • [17] Kang, M. S.; Hamayun, M.; Waqas, M.; Kim, J.H.; Shinwari, Z.K. and Lee, I.J. (2016). Burkholderia SP. KCTC 11096BP modulates pepper growth and resistance against Phytophthora capsici. Pakistan Journal of Botany 48(5): 1965-1970.
  • [18] Kim, H.S.; Sang, M.K.; Myung, I.S.; Chun, S.C. and Kim, K.D. (2009). Characterization of Bacillus luciferensis strain KJ2C12 from pepper root, a biocontrol agent of Phytophthora blight of pepper. Plant Pathology Journal 25: 62-69.
  • [19] Kim, H.S.; Sang, M.K.; Jung, H.W.; Jeun, Y.C.; Myunge, I.S. and Kim, K.D. (2012). Identification and characterization of Chryseobacterium wanjuense strain KJ9C8 as a biocontrol agent of Phytophthora blight of pepper. Crop Protection 32: 129-137.
  • [20] Kipgen, T.L. and Bora, L.C. (2017). Biochemical Differentiation of Pseudomonas fluorescens of Assam Soil and their Utility in Management of Bacterial Wilt of Solanaceous Crops. International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences 6(6): 2796-2806.
  • [21] Méndez-Bravo, A., Cortazar-Murillo, E. M., Guevara-Avendaño, E., Ceballos-Luna, O., Rodríguez-Haas, B., Kiel-Martínez, A. L., et al. (2018). Plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria associated with avocado display antagonistic activity against Phytophthora cinnamomi through volatile emissions. PloS One 13(3): e0194665.
  • [22] Mojica-Marín, V.; Luna-Olvera, H.A.; Sandoval-Coronado, C.F.; Pereyra-Alférez, B.; Morales- Ramos, L.H.; Hernández-Luna, C.E. and Alvarado-Gomez, O G. (2008). Antagonistic activity of selected strains of Bacillus thuringiensis against Rhizoctonia solani of chili pepper. African Journal of Biotechnology 7(9): 1271-1276.
  • [23] Nguyen, M.T. and Ranamukhaarachchi, S.L. (2010). Soil-borne antagonists for biological control of bacterial wilt disease caused by Ralstonia solanacearum in tomato and pepper. Journal of Plant Pathology 92(2): 395-406.
  • [24] Patel, S. and Minocheherhomji, F. P. (2018). Plant Growth Prooting Rhizobacteria: Blessing to Agriculture. International journal of pure and applied bioscience 6: 481-492.
  • [25] Radhi, M. Z.; Adam, M.B.; Saud, H.; Hamid, M.M.; Tony, P.S. and Tan, G.H. (2016). Efficacy of Smart Fertilizer for Combating Bacterial wilt Disease in Solanum lycopersicum. Direct Research Journal of Agriculture and Food Science 4(7): 137-143.
  • [26] Rai, R.; Srinivasamurthy, R.; Dash, P.K. and Gupta, P. (2017). Isolation, characterization and evaluation of biocontrol potential of Pseudomonas protegens RS-9 against Ralstonia solanacearum in tomato. Indian Journal of Experimental Biology 55: 595-603.
  • [27] Sarbadhikary, S.B. and Mandal, N.C. (2017). Field application of two plant growth promoting rhizobacteria with potent antifungal properties. Rhizosphere. 3: 170–175.
  • [28] Singh, M., Singh, D., Gupta, A., Pandey, K. D., Singh, P. and Kumar, A. (2019). Plant Growth Promoting Rhizobacteria: Application in Biofertilizers and Biocontrol of Phytopathogens. PGPR Amelioration in Sustainable Agriculture, Elsevier: pp 41-66.
  • [29] Singh, R., Pandey, D., Kumar, A. and Singh, M. (2017). PGPR isolates from the rhizosphere of vegetable crop Momordica charantia: characterization and application as biofertilizer. International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences 6(3): 1789-1802.
  • [30] Yang, R.; Fan, X.; Cai, X. and Hua, F. (2015). The inhibitory mechanisms by mixtures of two endophytic bacterial strains isolated from Ginkgo biloba against pepper phytophthora blight. Biological Control 85: 59-67.
  • [31] Yanti, Y.; habazar, T.; Nasution, C.R. and Felia, S. (2017a). Indigenous Bacillus spp. Ability to growth promotion activities and control bacterial wilt disease (Ralstonia solanacearum). Biodiversitas. 18: 1562-1567.
  • [32] Yanti, Y.; Astuti, F.F.; Habazar, T. and Nasution, C.R. (2017b). Screening of rhizobacteria from rhizosphere of healthy chili to control bacterial wilt disease and to promote growth and yield of chili. BIODIVERSITAS. 18: 1-9.
  • [33] Zohora, U.S.; Ano, T. and Rahman, M.S. (2016). Biocontrol of Rhizoctonia solani K1 by Iturin A Producer Bacillus subtilis RB14 Seed Treatment in Tomato Plants. Advances in Microbiology 6: 424-431.
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