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2018 | 21 | 2 | 7-13
Article title

Pył zawieszony (PM2,5 oraz PM10), właściwości oraz znaczenie epidemiologiczne ekspozycji krótkoi długookresowej dla chorób układu oddechowego oraz krążenia

Title variants
Particulate matter (PM2,5 and PM10), properties and epidemiological significance for respiratory and cardiovascular diseases. A review of the literature on the effects of short- and long-term exposure
Languages of publication
Rosnąca świadomość o jakości powietrza w naszym kraju spowodowała żywe zainteresowanie efektami jego wpływu na zdrowie. Główny ciężar zainteresowanie skupił się na stężeniu pyłu zawieszonego. Niniejsza praca jest próbą syntetycznego przedstawienia znaczenia pyłu zawieszonego oraz najistotniejszych efektów zdrowotnych. Pył zawieszony jest zanieczyszczeniem powietrza o szczególnym znaczeniu epidemiologicznym. Jego reprezentatywność dla jakości powietrza pozwala na jego podstawie szacować efekt wpływu zanieczyszczeń powietrza na zdrowie. W niniejszej pracy przedstawiono krótki rys historyczny pomiarów pyłu zawieszonego oraz jego znaczenie w pracach epidemiologicznych. Przedstawiono efekt jego wpływu na zdrowie w ujęciu ekspozycji krótkookresowej jak i długookresowej zgodnie z przeprowadzoną metaanalizą przez Światową Organizacje Zdrowia. W dalszej części pracy dokonano przeglądu piśmiennictwa wpływ pyłu zawieszonego na choroby układu oddechowego i układu krążenia jako wyraz najistotniejszego efektu zdrowotnego odziaływania pyłów zawieszonych.
The growing awareness of air quality in our country has triggered a keen interest in its impact on human health. Much of the interest has focused on the concentration of particulate matter. This work is an attempt to synthetically present the significance of particulate matter and the most important health effects. Suspended dust in the air is pollution of special epidemiological significance. It is indicative of air quality and is also the basis for estimating the effect of air pollution on health. This paper presents a short historical overview of suspended dust measurements and its significance in epidemiological research. Its impact on health in terms of short-term exposure as well as long-term exposure is presented according to the meta-analysis conducted by the World Health Organization. The remainder of the paper gives a review of the literature on the impact of particulate matter on respiratory and cardiovascular diseases as the most important health effect of particulate matter.
  • Katedra i Zakład Higieny, Uniwersytet Medyczny we Wrocławiu
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