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2017 | 61 | 2 | 122-136
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Vegetative Propagation Techniques of Highland Bamboo (Yushania alpina) in Amhara Region, North-Western Ethiopia

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Bamboo is an important source of income for rural livelihoods in Ethiopia and somewhere else. It is increasingly recognized as potential species for environmental protection and poverty reduction in many countries including Ethiopia. The study was conducted in Amhara Regional State, Awi Zone, where Yushania alpina dominated areas of Banja district. This finding aimed at to identify advanced propagation techniques that can be pertinent for large scale plantation of Yushania alpina. randomized complete block design with three replications was used. The vegetative propagation materials (treatments) were; rhizome with two nodes, rhizome with four nodes, rhizome with six nodes, rhizome without culm and rhizome with the whole culm (offset). A total of 240 offset planting materials were planted in the experimental station. Of which, sixteen planting material were used in each plot level. New shoot sprouting, and their height, root collar diameter and mortality rate data was collected. There was no statistical significant difference in mean number of new sprouted shoots of Yushinia alpina between the five treatments. While, there was significant difference between mean shoot height of rhizome with four nodes and rhizome without Culm (137.02b ± 22.94, 67.10a ± 17.97) at (p<0.05) respectively. The result revealed that, rhizome with four nodes and six nodes had shown significantly higher mean shoot height and root collar diameter, as compared with the traditional one (Rhizome with the whole culm) (33.89b ± 12.17, 32.43b ± 12.68, 8.48a ± 2.53) at (p<0.05) respectively. The present finding confirmed that, among different Propagating techniques rhizome with four and six nodes are appropriate for large scale plantation of Yushinia alpina, as compared to the conventional propagation technique (offsets).
Physical description
  • Bahir Dar Environment and Forest Research Center, Bahir Dar, P.O. Box 2128, Ethiopia
  • Central Ethiopia Environment and Forest Research Center, Addis Ababa, P.O. Box 30708, Ethiopia
  • Bahir Dar Environment and Forest Research Center, Bahir Dar, P.O. Box 2128, Ethiopia
  • Ethiopian Environment and Forest Research Institute, Addis Ababa, P.O. Box 24536, Ethiopia
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