THE EFFECT OF FAST, LIGHT AND FAVORITE MUSIC ON PHYSIOLOGICAL FUNCTION AND PHYSICAL PERFORMANCE OF THE MALE ATHLETE STUDENTS
Languages of publication
Listening to music can be useful for athletic performance because of the similarities between the rhythm of the music and the movements of the human body. Given the ambiguity in the lead for better music, the goal of this study was to investigate the effect of fast, light and favorite music on physiological function and physical performance of the male athlete students. 25 healthy male athlete students with the age of 20.8 ±1.20 years, height of 180.5 ±7.02 cm and weight of 70.8 ±10.9 kg participated in this study voluntarily. The present study was a repeated based test (4 times without music, fast, light and favorite music in 4 consecutive weeks with a one week rest apart them to control the effects of fatigue during the test). Results showed that fast music caused a significant changes in anaerobic power, sprint, agility, muscular endurance, aerobic power, rating of perceived exertion (RPE) (p < 0.05). Also, favorite music caused significant changes in explosive power and agility (p < 0.05). But, light music just made significant effect on minimum power (p < 0.05). According to this study, it seems that listening to fast music before aerobic and anaerobic activities can be effective on maximum and submaximal functions.
- Alex, Z.R., Adelino, S.R.S, Claudio, A.G. (2008). Determinations and Relationships of the RAST Anaerobic Parameters, Anaerobic Threshold and Lactacidemia Response Obtained at the Beginning, Interval and the End of an Official Handball. MatchRev Bras Med Esporte, 14 (1), 46.
- Atkinson, G., Wilson, D., Eubank, M. (2004). Effects of music on work-rate distribution during a cycling time trial. International Journal of Sports Medicine, 25, 611–615.
- Barwood, J.M., Weston, Neil J.V., Thelwell, R., Page, J. (2009). Motivational music and video intervention improves high-intensity exerciseperformance. J of Sports Science and Medicine. No. 8, 435–442.
- Baulddoff, G.S., Hoffman, L.A., Zullo, T.G., Sciurba, F.C. (2002). Exercise maintenance following pulmonary rehabilitation: effect of distractive stimuli. Chest, 3, 948–954.
- Birnbaum, L., Boone, T., Huschle, B. (2009). Cardiovascular responses to music tempo during steady-state exercise. Exercise Physiology online, 12, 50–56.
- Boutcher, S.H., Trenske, M. (1990). The effects of sensory deprivation and music on perceived exertion and affect during exercise. Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology, 12, 167–176.
- Copeland, B.L., Franks, B.D. (1991). Effects of types and intensities of background music on treadmill endurance, J Sports Med Phys Fitness, 31 (1), 100–103.
- Costasi, K., Terry, P.C. (1997). The psychophysical effects of music in sport and exercise. A review.
- Crust, L., Clough, P.J. (2006). The influence of rhythm and personality in the Endurance response to motivational asynchronous music. Journal sport science, 24 (2), 95–187.
- Crust, L. (2004). Carry-over effects of music in an isometric muscular endurance task. Percep Mot Skills, 98, 985–991.
- Dave, E., Sam, C., Duncan, O. (2005). The effect of motivational music on submaximal exercise. European Journal of Sport Science, 9, 97–106.
- Eliakim, M., Meckel, Y., Nemet, D., Eliakim, A. (2007). The effect of music during warm-up on consecutive anaerobic performance in elite adolescent volleyball players. Int j sports med, 4, 321–325.
- Ferguson, A.R., Carbonneau, M.R., Chambless, C. (1994). Effects of positive and negative music on performance of karate drill. Perceptual Motor skill, 78, 1217–1218.
- Geisler, G., Leith L.M. (2001). Different type of asynchronous music and effect onperformance of basketball foul shot. Percept Mot Skills, 93, (3), 734.
- Ghaderi, M., Rahimi, R., Azarbayjany, M.A. (2009). The effect of motivational and relaxation music on aerobic performance, rating perceived exertion and salivary cortisol in athlete males. South African Journal for Research in Sport, Physical Education and Recreation, 31 (2), 29–38.
- Hayakawa, Y., Miki, H.T., Akada, K., Tanaka, K. (2000). Effect of music on mood during bench stepping exercise. Percept Mot Skills, 1, 307–314.
- Karageorghis, C.I., Mouzourides, D.A., Priest, D.L., Sasso, T.A., Morrish, D.J., Walley, C.L. (2009). Psychophysical and Ergogenic Effects of Synchronous Musicduring Treadmill Walking. Sport & Exercise Psychology, 31, 18–36.
- Karageorghis, C.L., Drew, K.M., Terry, P.C. (1996). Effects of pretest stimulative and sedative music on grip strength. Percept Motor Skills, 83, 1347–1352.
- Koc, H., TurchIan C. (2009). The effects of music on athletic performance. Ovidius University Annals, series physical education and sport/science, movement and health. No.1, 44–47.
- Labbe, E., Schmidt, N., Babin, J., Pharr, M. (2007). Coping with stress: the effectiveness of different types of music. Appl Psychophysiol Biofeedback, 32 (3–4), 163–168.
- Leslie, J.J. (1967). The effect of music on the development of speed in running. Physiocal Education and Recreation, 10, Abstract, (697).
- Litwack, G., & Schmidt T.J. (1992). Biochemistry of hormones: Steroid Hormones. Devlin, T.M: Text Book of Biochemistry: With clinical correlations. 3rd Ed New York: wiley-liss.
- Makoto, I., Asami, K., Chie, K. (2005). Heart rate variability with repetitive exposure to music. J Biological Psychology, 70, 61–66.
- McMordie, J. (2009). The Effect Of Music Loudness On Anaerobic Performance And Muscular Endurance. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, 41 (5), 257.
- Miller, T., Manire, A., Robertson, S., John, R., Barbara, W.B. (2010). Effect of music and dialogue on perception of exertion, enjoyment, and metabolic responses during exercise. International J of Fitness, No. 2, 45–52.
- Mohammadzadeh, H., Tartibiyan, B., Ahmadi, A. (2008). The effects of music on the perceived exertion rate and performance of trained and untrained individuals during progressive exercise. Physical Education and Sport, 6, 67–74.
- Nakamura, P.M., Pereira, G., Papini, C.B., Nakamura, F.Y., and Kokubun, E. (2010). Effects of preferred and nonpreferred music on continuous cycling exercise performance. Percept Mot Skills, 110, 257–264.
- Nittono, H., Tsudakai, S., Nakajima, Y. (2000). Tempo of back ground sound and performance speed. Percept, Mot Skill: (3 Pt2), 11–22.
- Pujol, T.J., Langenfeld, M.E. (1999). Influence of music on wingate Anaerobic test performance. Percept Mot Skill, 88, 292–296.
- Schmidt Peters, J. (1991). Introduction to music therapy. Translation of Ali Zadeh Mohammadi. Asrar danesh publishers, second edition, 486.
- Schwartz, S.E., Fernhall B., Plowman, S.A. (1990): Effect of music on exercise performance. Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation, 10, 312–331.
- Shephard, R.J. (2001). Chronomic fatigue syndrome: an update. Sports Med. 31 (3), 167–94 [Rev. Article].
- Simpson, S., Karageorghis, C.I. (2006). The effects of synchronous music on 400-m sprint performance. Journal of Sports Sciences, 24 (10), 1095–1102.
- Smolen, D., Topp, R., Singer, L. (2002). The effect of self- selected music during colonoscopy on an anxiety, heart rate, and blood pressure. Appl, Nurse, Res, 15, 126–136.
- Szabo, A., Small, A., Leigh, M. (1999). The effects of slow - and fast-rhythm classical music on progressive cycling to voluntary physical exhaustion. The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness, 39, 220–225.
- Van Eck, M., Berkhof, H., Nicolson, N., Sulon, J. (1996). The effects of perceived stress, traits, mood states, and stressful daily events on salivary cortisol. Psychosomatic Medicine, 58 (5), 447–458.
- Yamamoto, T., Ohkuwa, T., Itoh, H., Kitoh, M., Terasawa, J., Tsuda, T., Kitagawa, S., Sato, Y. (2003). Effects of Pre-exercise Listening to Slow and Fast Rhythm Music on Supramaximal Cycle Performance and Selected Metabolic Variables. Archives Of Physiology And Biochemistry, 111 (3), 211–214.
Publication order reference