Antioxidant and antimicrobial activity of essential oils extracted from aromatic plants
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The antimicrobial and antioxidant activities of extracted essential oils in some aromatic plants were determined. Phytochemical screening was conducted using standard qualitative techniques, while the essential oils was extracted from the Citrus limon linn leaf, Vitex trifolia seed and Cananga odorata by modified steam distillation apparatus. Furthermor, the plant materials were tested using Antioxidant activity and Antimicrobial activity test. Citrus limon linn produced large volume essential oil (1.4 ml), Vitex trifola (0.7 ml) and Cananga odorata (0.5 ml) after 3hours of steam distillation. Antioxidant activities test using DPPH method reveals that all the essential oil determined showed positive effect, but the oil extracted from Citrus limon linn leaf could be a better antioxidant than that of Vitex tifolia and Cananga odorat when compared to commercial Ascorbic acid. The antioxidant activities of the essential oils of different plants under investigation showed a variation which may be as a result of the difference in their chemical compositions. Antimicrobial activities showed that all the essential oils were inhibited on the entire five microorganisms being used. However, Citrus limonlinn showed highest inhibition on the organisms (E. coli, S. typhi C. Kleb, P. avengunosa and S. aureus) compared to Cananga odorata and Vitex trifolia.
- Department of Petroleum Chemistry and Engineering, American University of Nigeria, Yola, Nigeria
- Department of Chemistry, Modibbo Adama University Yola, Nigeria
- National Research Institute for Chemical Technology, Basawa, Zaria, Nigeria
- Department of Chemistry, Modibbo Adama University Yola, Nigeria
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