Preferences help
enabled [disable] Abstract
Number of results
2018 | 111 | 13-25
Article title

Antioxidant and antimicrobial activity of essential oils extracted from aromatic plants

Title variants
Languages of publication
The antimicrobial and antioxidant activities of extracted essential oils in some aromatic plants were determined. Phytochemical screening was conducted using standard qualitative techniques, while the essential oils was extracted from the Citrus limon linn leaf, Vitex trifolia seed and Cananga odorata by modified steam distillation apparatus. Furthermor, the plant materials were tested using Antioxidant activity and Antimicrobial activity test. Citrus limon linn produced large volume essential oil (1.4 ml), Vitex trifola (0.7 ml) and Cananga odorata (0.5 ml) after 3hours of steam distillation. Antioxidant activities test using DPPH method reveals that all the essential oil determined showed positive effect, but the oil extracted from Citrus limon linn leaf could be a better antioxidant than that of Vitex tifolia and Cananga odorat when compared to commercial Ascorbic acid. The antioxidant activities of the essential oils of different plants under investigation showed a variation which may be as a result of the difference in their chemical compositions. Antimicrobial activities showed that all the essential oils were inhibited on the entire five microorganisms being used. However, Citrus limonlinn showed highest inhibition on the organisms (E. coli, S. typhi C. Kleb, P. avengunosa and S. aureus) compared to Cananga odorata and Vitex trifolia.
Physical description
  • Department of Petroleum Chemistry and Engineering, American University of Nigeria, Yola, Nigeria
  • Department of Chemistry, Modibbo Adama University Yola, Nigeria
  • National Research Institute for Chemical Technology, Basawa, Zaria, Nigeria
  • Department of Chemistry, Modibbo Adama University Yola, Nigeria
  • [1] Bakkali, F., Averbeck, S., Averbeck, D., Idaomar, M. (2008). Biological effects of essential oils -A review. Journal of Food and Chem. Tox. 46: 446-475
  • [2] Mohamed A. A., El-Emary G. A., Ali H. F. (2010). Influence of some citrus essential oils on cell viability, glutathione-s-transferase and lipid peroxidation in Ehrlich ascites Carcinoma cells. J Am Sci 6: 820-826.
  • [3] Cortes, H. J., Rothman D. L. (1990). Study on the chemical composition variability of some processed bergamot (Citrus bergamia) essential oils. Flavour Fragr. 219-250W
  • [4] Presti, M. L., S Ragusa, A., Trozzi, P., Dugo, F., Visinoni, A., Fazio, G., Dugo L., Mondello (2005). A comparison between different techniques for the isolation of rosemary essential oils, Journal Separation Science 28: 273-280
  • [5] Anwar, F., Naseer R., Bhanger, M. I., Ashraf, S., Talpur, F. N. and Aladedunye, F. A. (2008). Physico-Chemical Characteristics of Citrus Seeds and Seed Oils from Pakistan. Journal of American Oil Chemist Society. 85: 321-330
  • [6] Hamid, A. A., Aiyelagba, O. O., Usman, L. A. (2011). Essential Oils: its medicinal and pharmacological uses. International journal of current research (3) 2: 86
  • [7] Pandey, D., RaoVirendra, P. S. (2007). Extraction of essential oil from Eucalyptus leaves (B-tech project), NIT Rourkela. 18-20.
  • [8] Burt, S. (2004). Essential oils: their antimicrobial properties and potential applications in foods: a review. International Journal of Food and Microbiology. 94: 223 - 253.
  • [9] Runde, M., Kubmarawa, D., Maina, H. M. (2015). Compositional Analysis and Anti-Oxidant Assessment of Essential Oil of some Aromatic Plants Obtained from North-Eastern Nigeria, Res. J. Chem. Sci. 5 (10): 7-12.
  • [10] Odebiyi, A., Sofowora, A. E. (1978). Phytochemical screening of Nigerian medicinal plants. Lloydia 41 (3): 234 - 246.
  • [11] Trease, G. E., Evans, W. C. (1989). Pharmacognosy, 11th edition. Bailliere Tindall, London. 45 - 50.
  • [12] Kubmarawa, D., Wase, G. A., Ayinla, O. G. (2007). Preliminary studies on phytochemical analysis and antimicrobial evaluation of extracts of Commiphora kerstingii, Journal of Chemical Society of Nigeria, 32 (1): 38 - 40.w
  • [13] Harbone, J. B. (1973). Phytochemical Methods: A Guide to Modern Technique of Plant Analysis, 2nd edition. Chapman and Hall: New York, NY.
  • [14] Roy, H. (2010). Preliminary phytochemical investigation and anthelmintic activity of Acanthospermum hispidum DC. Journal of Pharmaceutical Science and Technology. 2 (5): 217-221.
  • [15] Ravi, K. U., Pratibha, D., Shoeb, A., (2010). Screening of Antimicrobial Activity of six Plant Essential Oils against Pathogenic Bacterial Strains. Asian journal of Medicinal Science. 2 (3): 152-158
  • [16] Ali, N. A., julich, W. D., Kusnick, C., Lindequist, U. (2001). Screening of Yemeni medicinal plant for Antibacterial and cytotoxic Activities. Journal of Ethnopharmacology. 74:173-179.
  • [17] Habssah, M., Amram, M., Makeen, M. M., Lajis, N. H., Kikuzaki, H., Nakatani, N., Rahama, A. A., Ali A. M. (2000). Screening of Zingiberaceae extracts for Antioxidant activities. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 72: 403-410.
  • [18] Brand-Williams, W., Cuvelier, M. E., Berset, C., (1995). Use of a Free Radical Method to Evaluate Antioxidant Activity. Journal of Food and Science Technology 28: 25-30.
  • [19] Wei, A., Shibamoto, T. (2010). Antioxidant / lipoxygenase inhibitory activities and chemical compositions of selected essential oils. Journal of Agriculture and Food Chemistry. 58: 7218–25.
  • [20] Mathew B. B., JatawaSureshk, TiwariArchana. (2012). Phytochemical analysis of Citrus limonnum pulp and peel. Int. J. Pharm and pharmaceutical sciences. 4(2): 269-371.
  • [21] Rekha, S. Swapna, B. M. (2013). In-vitro screening and identification of antioxidant activities of orange (Citrus sinensis) peel extract in different solvent. Int. J. pharm Bio. Sci. 4(4); 405-412
  • [22] Thenmozhi S., (2011). Pharmacognostical and phytochemical investigation on leaves of Vitex trifolialinn. J. pharmacy Res 4(4): 1259-1262.
  • [23] Nancy Immaculate Mary, R., Meenashree, B., Vasanthi V. J. (2014). Screening of Antibacterial Activity and Qualitative and Quantitative analysis of Phytochemicals in vitextrifolia. Int. J. Curr. Microbiol. App. Sci 3(5): 425- 431.
  • [24] Yukuyoshi T., Masazumi M. and Masaji Y. (2012). Application of Saponin containing plants in foods and cosmetics. Intech. 86-101
  • [25] Baser, K. H. (2010). Hand Book of Essential Oils: Science, Technology, and Application. CRC Press, London. 17-19
  • [26] Elnaiem, E. M., Land, Z. A., Ibrahim, F. A. A., Abdul, B. A. A. Rosna, M. T. (2015). Essential oils Compositions and Cytotoxicity from various Organs of Eucalyptus camaldulensis. International Journal of Agriculture and Biology. 17, 320 - 326
  • [27] Kamal, G. M., Anwar, F., Hussain, A. I., Sarri, N., Ashraf, M. Y. (2011). Yield and chemical composition of Citrus essential oils as affected by drying pretreatment of peels. International Food research Journal 18(4): 1275-1282
  • [28] Njoku, V. I., Evbuomwan B. O. (2014). Analysis and Comparative Study of Essential Oil Extracted from Nigerian Orange, Lemon and Lime Peels. Greener Journal of Chemical Science and Technology 1 (1), 006 - 014w
  • [29] Dahiru, D., Thagriki D. (2015). In vitro Biochemical Assessments of Methanol Stem Bark Extracts of Ficus sycomorus Plant. Jordan Journal of Biological Sciences. 9: 63 - 68
  • [30] Kusuma, I. Murdiyanto, W., Arung, E., Syafrizal, T., Kim Y. (2014). Antimicrobial and antioxidant properties of medicinal plants used by the Bentian tribe from Indonesia, Food Science and Human Wellness, 3: 191-196
  • [31] Choi E. M., Hwang J.K., (2005). Screening of Indonesian medicinal plants for inhibitor activity on nitric oxide production of RAW264.7 cells and antioxidant activity, Fitoterapia, 76,(2), 194-203
  • [32] Ghulam M. K., Muhammad Y. A., Abdullah I. H., Andleeb S., Muhammad I. C. (2013). Antioxidant of peel essential oils of three Pakistani Citrus species: Citrus reticulata, Citrus sinensis and Citrus paradisii. J. Bot. 45(4): 1449-1454
  • [33] Rasha, S., Loshini, A., Jiyauddin, K., Hamid, K., Eddy, Y., Fadli, A. (2014). Phytochemical Screening and Antibacterial Activity of Five Malaysian Medicinal Plants. British Journal of Pharmaceutical Research. 4(17): 2019-2032
  • [34] Ayepola, O. O., Adeniyi, B. A. (2008). The Antibacterial Activity of Leaf Extracts of Eucalyptus camaldulensis (Myrtaceae). Journal of Applied Sciences Research 4 (11): 1410-1413
Document Type
Publication order reference
YADDA identifier
JavaScript is turned off in your web browser. Turn it on to take full advantage of this site, then refresh the page.