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2009 | 9 | 1 | 37-44
Article title

Wodogłowie pokrwotoczne u noworodków i niemowląt

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EN
Posthaemorrhagic hydrocephalus in neonates and infants
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EN PL
Abstracts
EN
Intra- and periventricular haemorrhage (PVH) is one of the most common and serious complications of preterm birth. It may lead to the hydrocephalus and neurodevelopmental disability. The author present the up-to-date knowledge concerning following aspects of posthaemorrhagic hydrocephalus: epidemiology, pathophysiology, clinical symptoms, diagnostics, treatment options and prognosis. The possibilities of prevention of the PVH, also with the most recent method of intraventricular fibrinolytic therapy and drainage, were also discussed. The early management of posthaemorrhagic hydrocephalus in premature infants is very difficult and connected with many controversies. although various options of surgical treatment are available in these cases all of them have many disadvantages. Such surgical therapeutic measures like ventricular and lumbar tapping, external ventricular drainage, inserting a ventricular access device (e.g. Rickham reservoir), ventriculosubgaleal shunt and eventually implantation of ventriculoperitoneal shunt were discussed. The modern endoscopic procedures used in hydrocephalus (endoscopic third ventriculostomy and cauterisation of arachnoid plexus) were also presented.
PL
Krwawienie do układu komorowego i obszaru okołokomorowego mózgu (KODK) jest często spotykanym powikłaniem u noworodków przedwcześnie urodzonych. Może ono prowadzić do powstania wodogłowia pokrwotocznego i nieprawidłowości rozwoju psychoruchowego dziecka. W artykule przedstawiono współczesne poglądy na temat epidemiologii, patofizjologii, objawów klinicznych, diagnostyki, możliwości leczenia i rokowania wodogłowia pokrwotocznego u noworodków i niemowląt. Omówiono także możliwości zapobiegania krwawieniu KODK, w tym również poprzez najnowsze metody terapii fibrynolitycznej i płukania komór. Wczesne leczenie wodogłowia pokrwotocznego u noworodków przedwcześnie urodzonych jest bardzo trudne i wywołuje wiele kontrowersji. Chociaż stosowane są różne opcje leczenia chirurgicznego w tych przypadkach, każde z nich ma szereg wad. Dokonano przeglądu takich metod leczenia chirurgicznego, jak nakłucia obarczające komór przezciemieniową lub punkcją lędźwiową, drenaż zewnętrzny układu komorowego, implantacja zbiornika podskórnego (np. typu Rickhama), drenaż komorowo-podczepcowy czy wreszcie implantacja układu zastawkowego komorowo-otrzewnowego. Przedstawiono także współcześnie stosowane w leczeniu wodogłowia metody endoskopowe, takie jak wentrykulocysternostomia i kauteryzacja splotu naczyniówkowego.
Discipline
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Year
Volume
9
Issue
1
Pages
37-44
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Contributors
author
  • Oddział Neurochirurgii Dziecięcej, Górnośląskie Centrum zdrowia Dziecka, Szpital Kliniczny nr 6 Śląskiego uniwersytetu Medycznego, ul. Medyków 16, 40-752 Katowice, tel.: 032 207 17 17, mmandera@sum.edu.pl
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article
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bwmeta1.element.psjd-23fe5a44-7fbc-4927-a87a-cf46f8eddef2
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