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2019 | 138 | 2 | 79-92
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Trend of Coastline Change for Twenty Years (1994-2014) in Cirebon, Indonesia

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There are many factors lead to coastline change, and coastal erosion by the sea-water can lead to the reduction of land areas. Meanwhile, with sedimentation, there will be an increase in landmass. Cirebon, which is part of the northern coastal area of West Java Province, is located on lowland with a dense population and rapid urban development. Several studies have been conducted during the past decade in the coastal areas of Cirebon with research results indicating that most of the coastal areas in Cirebon are subject to landslides at various scales ranging from vulnerable to bad conditions. Based on this, it is necessary to do a study aimed to know the time series trend of coastline change in Cirebon, Indonesia. This study is expected to provide valuable information on the latest conditions of coastal areas in Cirebon, and can be used as a basis for land use and coastal management planning, as areas of potential loss to erosion can be identified and future mitigation of the coastal areas can be undertaken. The configuration of changes in coastline was determined using remotely sensed data of Landsat 7 TM/ETM+ satellite. Imagery data was processed using MNDWI. Accordingly, Cirebon has for twenty years (1994-2014), experienced a significant shift in the coastline. The average value of the coastline advancing toward the sea is 643 meters and coastline setback is 343 meters, or there has been an average shift of the coastline of approximately 986 meters. Meanwhile, over the past twenty years, the length of the coastline has increased by around 2.2 kilometers. The value of coastline onward that is greater than the setback indicates that changes in the coastline in Cirebon tend to experience accretion. Conclusively, Cirebon’s coastline changes show an increasing trend in length and domination by the accretion (sedimentation) process.
Physical description
  • Marine Science Department, Faculty of Fisheries and Marine Science Universitas Padjadjaran, Jalan Raya Bandung-Sumedang KM. 21, Jatinangor 45363, Indonesia
  • Marine Science Department, Faculty of Fisheries and Marine Science Universitas Padjadjaran, Jalan Raya Bandung-Sumedang KM. 21, Jatinangor 45363, Indonesia
  • Marine Science Department, Faculty of Fisheries and Marine Science Universitas Padjadjaran, Jalan Raya Bandung-Sumedang KM. 21, Jatinangor 45363, Indonesia
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