The role of granulocyte colony-stimulating factors in the prevention of neutropenia and febrile neutropenia – the current state of knowledge
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Granulocyte colony-stimulating factors, introduced in the 1990s to prevent neutropenic fever, improve patients’ prognosis after myelotoxic chemotherapy. G-CSFs accelerate bone marrow recovery, shortening the duration of neutropenia and reducing its intensity as well as the risk of febrile neutropenia. There are short- and long-acting G-CSFs available these days. This paper is a review of the efficacy, toxicity and indications for short- and long-acting G-CSFs as indicated in the most recent studies.
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