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2018 | 91 | 1-11
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A Comparative Study of Sons and Lovers and Symphony of the Dead

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This article compares D. H. Lawrence’s Sons and Lovers with Abbas Maroufi’s Symphony of the Dead. These two novels have striking similarities; they deal with the tragedy of two growing men whose mothers aroused in them, to full consciousness, the desires normally re-served for a darling wife; their hatred of the father and what the father stands for in these two novels is also conspicuous; what binds these two novels, then, is psychological criticism.
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  • Department of English Language and Literature, Faculty of Literature and Humanities, Vali-e-Ars University of Rafsanjan, 22 Bahman Square, Rafsanjan, Iran
  • [1] Worthen J. (1979). Sons and Lovers. In: D. H. Lawrence and the Idea of the Novel. Palgrave MacMillan, London.
  • [2] Kelsey N. (1991.) Sons and Lovers. In: D. H. Lawrence: Sexual Crisis. Macmillan Studies in Twentieth-Century Literature. Palgrave Macmillan, London.
  • [3] Beards, R.D., 1974. Sons and lovers as bildungsroman. College Literature, 1(3), pp. 204-217.
  • [4] Edwards, Brian. The Inhibited Temperament in Sons and Lovers. Style 44, no. 1-2 (2010) 62-80.
  • [5] Lawrence, D. H. (1998). Sons and lovers. Oxford University Press, USA.
  • [6] Maroufi, Abbas. (2009). Symphony of the Dead, Tehran: Phoenix.
  • [7] Guerin, W. L. (Ed.). (2005). A handbook of critical approaches to literature. Oxford University Press, USA.
  • [8] Guillén, Claudio. Literature as System: Toward the Theory of Literary History. Trans. Cola Franzen. Princeton: Princeton UP, 1971.
  • [9] Miner, Earl. Comparative Poetics: An Intercultural Essay on Theories of Literature. Princeton: Princeton UP, 1990.
  • [10] Villanueva, D. (2011). Possibilities and limits of comparative literature today. CLCWeb: Comparative Literature and Culture, 13(5), 2.
  • [11] Wellek, René. The Crisis of Comparative Literature. Concepts of Criticism. By René Wellek. New Haven: Yale UP, 1963. 282-95.
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