Preferences help
enabled [disable] Abstract
Number of results
2020 | 32 | 1-9
Article title

Chemical Composition of Yushania alpina (K. Schum.) W.C.Lin (1974) (Highland Bamboo) Grown in Ethiopia

Title variants
Languages of publication
Chemical properties of any lignocellulose species are one of the major properties that used to select the material for any purpose either chemical or biological. Since bamboo is one of the woody grass species used for various applications worldwide; therefore knowing the chemical composition plays greater a role. Based on the above assumption, this research was conducted to study the major chemical composition of Yushania alpina (K. Schum.) W.C.Lin (1974) (Highland Bamboo) grown around Enjibara in Ethiopia. In the work, Yushania alpina (Highland Bamboo) sample was harvested, dried, milled using a Wiley Mill, sieved and all chemical composition were determined based on the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (ASTM) approaches, except that the Kurschner-Hoffer method (1931) was applied for cellulose determination. Based on the study, the chemical composition characterization shows that Yushania alpina has 46.76% cellulose content, 25.27% lignin content, 12.18% hemicellulose, 3.77% ash, 12.23% hot-water extractive and 3.93% ethanol-toluene extractives.
Physical description
  • Ethiopian Environment and Forest Research Institute, P.O. Box 2322, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
  • Addis Ababa University, Natural and Computational Science, Department of Chemistry, P.O. Box 1176, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
  • Ethiopian Agricultural Research Council Secretariat, Agricultural and Biomass Engineering, P. O. Box 8115, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
  • Addis Ababa University, Natural and Computational Science, Department of Chemistry, P.O. Box 1176, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
  • [1] Adler, E. Lignin chemistry - past, present and future. Wood Sci. Technol, 11 (1977) 169-218.
  • [2] Amsalu, T.; Belay, W.; Sisay, F. Chemical composition of lowland bamboo (Oxytenanthera abyssinica) grown around Asossa Town, Ethiopia. World Scientific News, 74 (2017) 141-151
  • [3] ASTM D1102-84: Standard Test Method for Ash in Wood, Contained in 4 (2013) 10.
  • [4] ASTM D1106-56: Standard Test Method for Acid-Insoluble Lignin in Wood, Contained in 4 (2013) 10
  • [5] ASTM D1107-96: Standard Test Method for Ethanol-Toluene Solubility of Wood, Contained in 4 (2013) 10
  • [6] ASTM E871-72: Standard Test Method for Moisture Analysis of Wood, Contained in 2013
  • [7] Fengel, D.; Shao, X. A chemical and ultrastructural study of the Bamboo species Phyllostachys makinoi Hay. Wood Sci. Technol, 18 (1984) 103-112.
  • [8] Isikgor, F. H., & Becer, C. R. Lignocellulosic biomass: a sustainable platform for the production of bio-based chemicals and polymers. Polymer Chemistry, 6(25) (2015) 4497-4559
  • [9] Kapu, N.S.; Trajano, H.L. Review of hemicellulose hydrolysis in softwoods and bamboo. Biofuel Bioproducts and Biorefining, 8 (2014) 857-870
  • [10] Kassahun, E. The indigenous bamboo forests of Ethiopia. Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, 9 (2000) 518-521
  • [11] Krzesinska, M.; Zachariasz J., Lachowski, A. I. Development of monolithic eco-composites from carbonized blocks of solid iron bamboo (Dendrocalamus strictus) by impregnation with furfuryl alcohol. Bioresource Technology, 100 (3) (2009) 1274-1278
  • [12] Kumar, P.; Barrett D.M.; Delwiche, M.J.; Stroeve, P. Methods for pretreatment of lignocellulosic biomass for efficient hydrolysis and biofuel production. Industrial and Engineering Chemistry Research, 48 (2009) 3713-3729
  • [13] Kurschner, K., Hoffer, A. A new quantitative cellulose determination. Chem. Zeit. 55 (1931) 1811.
  • [14] Li, X. B.; Shupe, T. F.; Peter, G. F.; Hse, C. Y.; Eberhardt, T. L. Chemical changes with maturation of the bamboo species Phyllostachys pubescens. Journal of Troprca1 Forest Science, 19 (1) (2007) 6-12
  • [15] Li, Z.; Fei, B.; Jing, Z. Effect of steam explosion pretreatment of bamboo for enzymatic hydrolysis and ethanol fermentation. Bioresource Technology, 10(1) (2015) 1037–1047
  • [16] Marriott, P.E.; Gomez L.D.; Simon, M.M.J. Unlocking the potential of lignocellulosic biomass through plant science. New Phytologist, 209 (2016) 1366-1381
  • [17] Scurlock, J.M.O.; Dayton, D.C.; Hames, B. Bamboo: An overlooked biomass resource? Biomass and Bioenergy, 19(4) (2000) 209-280
  • [18] Song, T.; Pranovich, A.; Sumerskiy, H.B. Extraction of galactoglucomannan from spruce wood with pressurized hot water. Holzforschung, 62 (2008) 659-666
  • [19] Song, X., Zhou, G., Jiang, H., Yu, S., Fu, J., Li, W., Peng, C. Carbon sequestration by Chinese bamboo forests and their ecological benefits: assessment of potential, problems, and future challenges. Environmental Reviews, 19 (2011), 418-428
  • [20] Wang, L.; Littlewood, J.; Murphy, R.J. An economic and environmental evaluation for bamboo-derived bioethanol. Royal Society of Chemistry Advances, 4 (2014) 29604
  • [21] Wyman, C. E., Decker, S. R., Himmel, M. E., Brady, J. W., Skopec, C. E., & Viikari, L. Hydrolysis of cellulose and hemicellulose. Polysaccharides: Structural Diversity and Functional Versatility, 1 (2005) 1023-1062
  • [22] Li, X., Sun, C., Zhou, B. et al. Determination of Hemicellulose, Cellulose and Lignin in Moso Bamboo by Near Infrared Spectroscopy. Sci Rep 5, 17210 (2015).
  • [23] Zenebe, M.; Adefires, W.; Temesgen, Y.; Mehari, A.; Demel, T.; Habtemariam, K. Bamboo resources in Ethiopia: their value chain and contribution to livelihoods. Ethnobotany Research & Application, 12 (2014) 511-524
Document Type
Publication order reference
YADDA identifier
JavaScript is turned off in your web browser. Turn it on to take full advantage of this site, then refresh the page.