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2016 | 50 | 20-32
Article title

Spatial Variability Analysis of Some Groundwater Physico-Chemical Parameters in Parts of Akwa-Ibom State, Nigeria

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Abstracts
EN
The groundwater physico-chemical parameters of Parts of Akwa Ibom state and their spatial distribution have been examined in this study. The physico-chemical parameters analysed are Ph, total dissolved solids, electrical conductivity and water hardness. The average pH, electrical conductivity, water hardness and total dissolved solids obtained are 6.4, 163.4242 μS/cm, 83.81 mg/l and 90.5 mg/l respectively. The computed values are within the permissible limit set by World Health Organisation (WHO). Semi-variogram and ordinary kriging were used for the spatial distribution analysis. The semi variogram of the pH, total dissolved solids, electrical conductivity and water hardness were model with Gaussian, spherical, linear functions respectively. The pH map is dominated with values ranging from 6.2 to 6.6 while the total dissolved solids map is associated mainly with values ranging from 90 to 95 mg/l. The water hardness and electrical conductivity values increases from central part toward the west and eastern regions. The geostatical modelling has been used to estimate the values of the parameters at unsampled points.
Year
Volume
50
Pages
20-32
Physical description
Contributors
  • Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, University of Port Harcourt, Choba, Rivers state, Nigeria, owin2009@yahoo.com
  • Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, University of Port Harcourt, Choba, Rivers state, Nigeria
References
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  • [2] APHA, 2005. Standard methods for the examination of water and wastewater, 21st edition, American Public Health Association, Washington DC, USA 1200 pp.
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  • [9] Journel, A. G. and Huijbregts, C. J. 1978. Mining geostatistics. Academic Press. London.
  • [10] Mufid al-hadithi, 2012. Application of water quality index to assess suitability of groundwater quality for drinking purposes in Ratmao – PathriRao watershed, Haridwar District, India. Am. J. Sci. Ind. Res., 3(6): 395-402
  • [11] Voudouris, K. 2009. Assessing groundwater pollution risk in Sarigkiol Basin, NW Greece, In: River pollution research progress, Chapter 7, pp. 265-281, Nova Science Publishers Inc. (Eds: M. Gallo and M. Herrari).
  • [12] WHO, World Health Organization, 1984. Guideline for drinking water quality, health criteria and other information Vol. 2, Geneva Publication, 306p.
  • [13] World Health Organization (WHO), 1998. Guideline for drinking water quality. Health Criteria and other supporting information, 3rd, Geneva.
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article
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bwmeta1.element.psjd-1fe43b5f-dd40-454e-a8e3-f483928557d9
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