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2015 | 15 | 62 | 245–258
Article title

Scrotal imaging

Title variants
Diagnostyka obrazowa jąder
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Pathological lesions within the scrotum are relatively rare in imaging except for ultrasonography. The diseases presented in the paper are usually found in men at the age of 15–45, i.e. men of reproductive age, and therefore they are worth attention. Scrotal ultrasound in infertile individuals should be conducted on a routine basis owing to the fact that pathological scrotal lesions are frequently detected in this population. Malignant testicular cancers are the most common neoplasms in men at the age of 20–40. Ultrasound imaging is the method of choice characterized by the sensitivity of nearly 100% in the differentiation between intratesticular and extratesticular lesions. In the case of doubtful lesions that are not classified for intra-operative verifi cation, nuclear magnetic resonance is applied. Computed tomography, however, is performed to monitor the progression of a neoplastic disease, in pelvic trauma with scrotal injury as well as in rare cases of scrotal hernias involving the ureters or a fragment of the urinary bladder.
Patologiczne zmiany w obrębie worka mosznowego są stosunkowo rzadko spotykane w badaniach obrazowych, z wyjątkiem ultrasonografii. Prezentowane choroby dotyczą najczęściej grupy mężczyzn w przedziale wiekowym 15–45 lat, czyli w wieku rozrodczym, dlatego zasługują na szczególną uwagę. U niepłodnych mężczyzn badanie ultrasonograficzne moszny powinno być wykonywane rutynowo, ponieważ w tej populacji częstość wykrywania zmian patologicznych w mosznie jest bardzo wysoka. Nowotwory złośliwe jąder należą do najczęstszych nowotworów występujących u mężczyzn w wieku 20–40 lat. Metodą diagnostyczną z wyboru jest badanie ultrasonograficzne, którego czułość w różnicowaniu zmian wewnątrzjądrowych i zewnątrzjądrowych wynosi prawie 100%. W diagnostyce niejednoznacznych zmian, niekwalifikujących się do weryfikacji operacyjnej, stosowany jest magnetyczny rezonans jądrowy. Tomografię komputerową natomiast wykorzystuje się w monitorowaniu zaawansowania choroby nowotworowej, w stanach pourazowych miednicy z udziałem urazu moszny oraz w rzadkich przypadkach przepuklin mosznowych zawierających moczowody lub fragment pęcherza moczowego.
Physical description
  • Department of Medical Imaging, Medical University of Warsaw, Warsaw, Poland. Department of Radiology, Medical University of Gdańsk, Gdańsk, Poland
  • Department of Radiology, Medical University of Gdańsk, Gdańsk, Poland
  • Urology Clinic, European Health Center, Otwock, Poland
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Publication order reference
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