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2020 | 31 | 146-154
Article title

Species Diversity Associated with Salt Lick Utilization in Borgu sector of Kainji Lake National Park, Nigeria

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EN
Abstracts
EN
Salt licks play an important role in the health of wildlife by supplying the essential minerals required especially for herbivores. This study assessed nine mineral salt lick sites, fauna utilization and tree species diversity in response to threats encountered at the site. Systematic random sampling, quadrat sampling and transect survey were used as the methodological indices to carry out the research. The dominant tree species is Anogeissus leiocarpus while recessive species was Vitellaria paradoxa. Fauna distribution and abundance within and across mineral salt lick sites were observed. Kobs (Kobus kob) were highest while Tantalus monkey (Chlorocebus tantalus) and Warthog (Phacochoerus aethiopicus) had least encounter rate. Park management should implement conservation education, stringent policies against wildlife offences and constant surveillance to conserve biodiversity in protected ecological site. The overall benefits derived from salt licks for wildlife health, majorly through herbivores are crucial in maintaining a healthy wildlife community for their reproduction and survival.
Discipline
Year
Volume
31
Pages
146-154
Physical description
Contributors
  • Department of Wildlife and Ecotourism Management, Osun State University Osogbo, Osogbo, Osun State, Nigeria
  • Department of Wildlife and Ecotourism Management, Osun State University Osogbo, Osogbo, Osun State, Nigeria
author
  • Department of Wildlife and Ecotourism Management, Osun State University Osogbo, Osogbo, Osun State, Nigeria
References
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  • [2] Bravo, J. A., Julio-Pieper M., Forsythe P., Kunze W., Dinan T.G., and Bienenstock J., Communication between Gastrointestinal Bacteria and Nervous System. Curr. Opin. Pharmacol. 12 (2012) 667-672
  • [3] Brewer, D. Calder, F.W. Macintyre, T.M. and Taylor, A., Ovine ill-thrift in Nova Scotia. I. The possible regulation of the rumen flora in sheep by the fungal flora of permanent pasture. J. Agric. Sci. 76(1971) 465-477
  • [4] Croom, W.J.; Harvey, R.W.; Linnerud, A.C. and Froetschel, M., High levels of sodium chloride in beef cattle diets. Can. J. Anim. Sci. 62 (1982) 217-227
  • [5] Crawford G., Avoiding Mineral Toxicity in Cattle. University of Minnesota Extension, 2012.
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  • [7] Lameed, G. A. and Adetola, J., Species-Diversity utilization of salt lick sites at Borgu sector of Kainji lake national park. Biodiversity Enrichment in a Diverse (2012) 35-62
  • [8] Miller, J.K.; Madsen, F.C. and Swanson, E.W., Effects of ingested soil on ration utilization by dairy cows. J. Diary Sci. 60 (1977) 618-62
  • [9] Miller, J.K., Swanson, E.W. and Madsen, F.C., Moderate soil eating by livestock shown to be nutritionally beneficial. Feedstuffs, 50 (1978) 31-32/55
  • [10] Selinus, O., Finkelman R. B. and Centeno J. A., Medical geology. London New York, Springer, 2010.
  • [11] Stephenson, J. D., Mills, A., Eksteen, J.J., Milewski, A.V. and Myburgh, J.G., Geochemistry of Mineral licks at Loskop Dam Nature Reserve, Mpumalanga, South Africa. Environmental Geochemistry and Health, 33 (2011) 49-53
  • [12] Swanepoel, M, Leslie A. J, Hoffman, L.C., The Influence of Season and Sex on the Carcass yield of common Warthog (Phacochoerus africanus). South African Journal of Wildlife Research 44 (2014) 179-188
  • [13] Tuna Wildlife Consultant Company 1992. Review of Master Plan for the Management of Kainji Lake National Park, Nigeria.
  • [14] Wheeler, T.B., Wangness, P.J., Muller, L. D. and Griel, L.C., Addition of sodium bicarbonate to complete pelleted diets fed to dairy calves. J. Diary Sci. 63 (1980) 1855-1863
Document Type
article
Publication order reference
Identifiers
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.psjd-1a9f8ecb-0196-45b5-8ff6-2c0cb75afd2d
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